Al-Jawali Mosque

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al-Jawali Mosque
Basic information
Location State of Palestine Old City, Hebron
Affiliation Islam
Region Levant
Province West Bank
District Hebron Governorate
Status Active
Architectural description
Architectural type Mosque
Architectural style Mamluk
Completed 1318–20
Specifications
Minaret(s) 0

Al-Jawali Mosque or Amir Sanjar al-Jawli Mosque is a mosque in the Palestinian city of Hebron, located in the southwestern corner of the Old City and part of the Ibrahimi Mosque (Cave of the Patriarchs) sanctuary.[1]

Al-Jawali Mosque was annexed to the Ibrahimi Mosque sanctuary and is an integral part of its layout, bordering the northeastern wall of that structure's enclosure.[1][2] The remaining sides of the al-Jawali Mosque are hewn from stone and the mosque is not visible from the outside.[2] The al-Jawali and Ibrahimi mosques are attached to each other by a passageway running parallel to the latter mosque's prayer hall.[1]

The mosque consists of three arcades with intersecting vaults supported by large stone columns. Each of the arched passageways is covered by a dome.[1] A stone dome with corners decorated by muqarnas design and mosaic windows is situated atop the middle of the prayer hall.[2] The qibla wall's mihrab in the southeastern part of al-Jawali Mosque is carved into the rock of the mosque's walls and tiled with marble slabs decorated with tinted engravings.[1] The mihrab also has a semi-dome which is also decorated with marble.[2]

History[edit]

Al-Jawali Mosque was built on the orders of the Mamluk Governor of Gaza and Palestine, Sanjar al-Jawli, between 1318 and 1320 during the sultanate of an-Nasir Muhammad. Al-Jawli, for whom the mosque was named, constructed it to enlarge the prayer space to accommodate worshipers using the Ibrahimi Mosque. The mosque was built in an Aleppine architectural design.[1] Fifteenth-century Egyptian historian al-Maqrizi noted that mosque's ceiling was made of "beautifully dressed stone."[3]

According to English churchman Arthur Penrhyn Stanley, the mosque was built on the tomb of Judah, which was destroyed in the process.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Dandis, Wala. History of Hebron. 2011-11-07. Retrieved on 2012-03-02.
  2. ^ a b c d Al-Nathseh, Yusuf. Haram al-Ibrahimi. Discover Islamic Art. Museum With No Frontiers. 2004–2012. Retrieved on 2012-03-02.
  3. ^ Sharon, 2009, p.88.
  4. ^ Stanley, Arthur Pnerhyn. Lectures on the history of the Jewish church, Volume 1. J. Murray, 1865. Page 503.

Bibliography[edit]