Al-Karmah

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Al Karmah
الكرمة
Skyline of Al Karmah
Coordinates: 33°23′59″N 43°54′32″E / 33.39972°N 43.90889°E / 33.39972; 43.90889
Country  Iraq
Governorate Al Anbar
Population (2008)
 • Total 116,000

Al-Karmah, also sometimes transliterated as Karma, Karmah, or Garma (Arabic: الكرمة), is a city in central Iraq located 16 km northeast of Fallujah in the Al Anbar province.

Invasion of Iraq[edit]

For most of 2005 to 2007 it was considered the most violent city in Iraq. Unlike neighboring Fallujah, it has no wall around the city, so anti-American insurgents were able to move freely in and out of the areas. Attacks on coalition forces were a daily occurrence in this city, with aerial mortar attacks, as well as small arms attacks almost daily on coalition patrols, convoys, and the FOB's (Forward Operating Bases) of Camp Donnica, OP (Observations Post) 2, OP 2A and OP 3.

During the Second Battle of Fallujah, residents of Karma funneled weapons and medical aid into the besieged city, proudly proclaiming their allegiance to the insurgency.[1] The city's cement factory was shelled by US artillery that month as the factory was being used as a rebel position.[2]

During 2005, a massive vehicle borne IED was driven into Observation Post 2 Alpha, injuring 4 U.S. Marines from 2nd Battalion, 2nd Marines, Fox Company 3rd Platoon, destroying two ISO containers filled with MREs and bottled water and damaging the Hesco barriers and concertina lines along the western wall. This resulted in more barricades and new speed bumps being placed in and around the roads leading to OP-2A and the other observation posts, and the re-installation of the ground-level M240G. In later raids on houses in the area, a video was found of the preparation and execution of this attack.

OP 2A after SVBIED Attack
OP 2A after SVBIED Attack

In early September 2005, it was the site first establishment of the New Iraqi Army's operations in the area, in the form of the 1st Battalion, 4th Brigade, 1st Division operating at Observation Post 3 and Camp Donnica, although still housed a very strong anti-American presence of local insurgents.[3] On July 8 of that year, an IED struck a US convoy, before insurgents fired mortars on the damaged convoy, resulting in "many" wounded casualties.

A Mossberg 590 being used by a US Marine for door breaching in Karmah in 2005.

In November 2005, the first Iraqi Police station was established in Karmah. It was met with violence from the local population, who strongly opposed any coalition forces.[3]

During 2006 the city was seeing a greater Iraqi Army and Iraqi Police presence, at which time violence continued at a steady rate using multiple small arms ambushes on both foot and vehicle patrols, and IED attacks, frequently utilizing combined arms attacks with mortar attacks on the blast sites resulting in multiple American and Iraqi Army casualties. In late 2006, during a sniper attack in Al-Karmah, a series of iconic photographs were taken by New York Times photographer João Silva and reporter C. J. Chivers. The attack involved Weapons Company, 2nd Battal­ion 8th Marines and Sgt. Jesse E. Leach, who became known as "The Iron Sergeant".[4][5]

On February 7, 2007, a US Marine CH-46E Sea Knight from HMM-364 was shot down by a shoulder-fired missile, killing all 7 on board. Three of the US Army Engineers of A co. 321st Engineers sent to secure the wreckage were also killed by an IED[6][7] 13 days later, US forces raided a "car bomb factory" where they discovered five vehicles, three 55-gallon barrels of chlorine, three barrels of nitroglycerine, artillery rounds and bombs. One man was detained, and the US stated that the factory was likely run by al-Qaeda.[8] On March 17, insurgents attacked an army foot patrol, killing two of them. Eleven days later, a National Guard humvee was reported destroyed, with insurgents claiming all aboard were killed. Two days later, a less successful bomb destroyed a humvee, with no casualties. On April 2, another humvee was reported destroyed, with all aboard once again reported killed.[9]

LtCol Nathan Nastase with members of the Karmah city council in Iraq, 2007. Many of these individuals would be killed in June 2008 when a suicide bomber attacked the council.

On August 22, 2007, a safe house wired with explosives was destroyed in the city, believed to have been an arms cache as well as a launching point for mortars that had targeted the police station in Karma.[10]

On May 2, 2008 four Marines were killed in a roadside blast in Lahib, a farming village just east of Karmah.

On June 26, 2008, three Marines from 2nd Battalion 3rd Marines (including the battalion's commanding officer), as well as twenty Iraqi sheiks and the mayor of Karmah, were killed when a suicide bomber dressed as an Iraqi Policeman detonated an explosive vest at a meeting of tribal sheiks. Two interpreters were also killed in the blast.[11][12] The aftermath of the attack was captured on film by photojournalist Zoriah Miller.[13]

On February 8, 2009, the local police chief Lieutenant Col. Abd Al Salam was nearly killed by a 300 pound IED.[14]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 33°23′N 43°54′E / 33.383°N 43.900°E / 33.383; 43.900