al-Karmil

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For the Palestinian newspaper of the same name, see Al-Karmil (newspaper). For the nearby modern Israeli settlement named after the Biblical Carmel, see Carmel, Har Hebron.
al-Karmil
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic خربة الكرمل
 • Also spelled Khirbat al-Karmil (official)
al-Karmil is located in the Palestinian territories
al-Karmil
al-Karmil
Location of al-Karmil within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 31°25′25.19″N 35°07′59.37″E / 31.4236639°N 35.1331583°E / 31.4236639; 35.1331583Coordinates: 31°25′25.19″N 35°07′59.37″E / 31.4236639°N 35.1331583°E / 31.4236639; 35.1331583
Governorate Hebron
Government
 • Type Village Council
Population (2007)
 • Jurisdiction 3,741

al-Karmil (Arabic: خربة الكرمل‎) is a Palestinian village located twelve kilometers south of Hebron. The village is in the Hebron Governorate Southern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the village had a population of 3,741 in 2007.[1] The primary health care facilities for the village are designated by the Ministry of Health as level 2.[2]

History[edit]

There are three references to al-Karmil in the Bible. "Carmel" is mentioned as a city of Judah, also as the place where Saul erects a monument after the expedition against the Amalek and where Nabal the Carmelite resides.[3][4][5]

After the Bar Kochba revolt Khirbet al-Karmil was used as a Roman garrison town. The Jews of the town being uncomfortable with the Roman presence moved their settlement 2 km southeast, occupying a hilltop ridge. The new Jewish settlement prospered until the Persian army of Chosroes forced the Roman garrison of Heraclius's army to quit Palestine. The Persian army was, in its turn, shortly destroyed by the Rashidun Caliphate.[citation needed]

With a lack of market for their wine, the Jewish settlement declined with the synagogue finally being abandoned in the 9th Century. The abandoned synagogue is one of the best preserved ancient synagogues in the West Bank.[6]

Al-Muqaddasi describes it 985 as "a village in the further limits of the Hebron territory, in Jund Filastin. This is the Carmel mentioned in Joshua xv.55."[7]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ 2007 PCBS Census Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.120.
  2. ^ West Bank Health care
  3. ^ Joshua ch xv verse 55, 1 Samuel ch xv verse 12 and 1 Samuel ch xxv
  4. ^ Nabal and Abigail
  5. ^ Calmet's Dictionary of the Holy Bible, 1832. p 280
  6. ^ Murphy-O'Connor, Jerome (2008) The Holy Land: An Oxford Archaeological Guide from Earliest Times to 1700 Oxford University Press US, ISBN 0-19-923666-6 p 351
  7. ^ le Stange, Guy. (1890). Palestine Under the Moslems p.488.

External links[edit]