Al-Khasawneh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Al-Khasawneh or Khasawneh (Arabic: الخصاونه‎) (other transliterations include Khassawneh, khassaweneh, Khasawinah, Khassawnih, Khasawnih, Khasawineh, Khassawineh, Khassawneh, Khasawne, Khasawna, and Khasawnah all of which may also be preceded by 'Al' or 'El'), is a prominent Arab Muslim clan descending from the noble family of Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq and Imam Husayn ibn Ali.

Al-Khasawneh in Northern Jordan[edit]

At the time of the Ottoman Empire, Northern Jordan was a sanjak (administrative division) of the town of Ajloun. The Al-Khasawneh appeared in the second part of the 16th century in Ein Al-Sharah in the mountainous part of Ajloun where they were engaged in constant clashes with bedouin tribes and other local forces before becoming a dominant group in the area known as Al-Asar district (nahiyah, Ajloun). An Ottoman document of 1757 records that their sheikh Musa Al-Hamad was the sheikh of the Banu Obaid group and responsible for contributing to the protection of the annual pilgrimage caravan or hajj to Mecca– a highly lucrative and sought after office. Later on, this part of Al-Asar district was renamed the Banu Obaid district in a classic case of a newcomer group giving their own name to a geographic area. It continues to be known by that name and the Al-Khasawneh are the traditional hereditary sheikhs of the district, although the Nuseirat clan have competed with them at times for the sheikhdom of the district.

In the second part of the 18th century, well-known rebel Dhaher al Omar, of Galilee and later Acre extended his rule to the Ajloun area through his son Ahmad. The Ottomans, preoccupied with their war against Russia that ended with the Kunuk Kenarcha treaty of 1775, had no choice but to acquiesce to Dhaher's territorial expansion. In conjunction with his bedouin allies, Musa Al-Hamad led a number of battles against Dhaher and his son, but was later appointed a member of a consultative group of sheikhs by Ahmad, son of Dhaher al Omar, who nevertheless remained suspicious of his intentions. When Ahmad was informed in the early 1770s that Musa was trying to raise a revolt against him, he invited Musa to his citadel at Tubna in the Koura district of Ajloun, where he was killed after dinner. After 1775 the Ottomans, now free to tackle Dhaher, sent both Hussein Pasha and Ahmad beik, later Pasha, El-Jazzar against Dhaher, who was killed, signalling the beginning of a revolt in Ajloun where the Al-Khasawneh and their allies attacked the citadel of Tubna. In the event, Ahmad, son of Dhaher, escaped to Palestine and threw himself on the mercy of Ottoman officials who took him to Istanbul.

For Al-Khasawneh, who had stood firmly by the Ottomans, this proved an auspicious turn of events and soon Musa's two sons, Saleh and Musa II were able to regain their father's possessions and to move to the village of Husn where they and their descendants continued as the leading family in the area.

Musa II also fought against Napoleon's army at the battle of Mount Tabor in northern Palestine, where the French were led by general Kleber and later by Napoleon himself.

In 1869, the Khasawneh were asked by the Ottoman government to move out of Husn. Taking advantage of the situation, they gained possession of the villages of Idoun and Nu'eima along with six or seven ruined villages. These they were able to defend against marauding nomadic tribes and other forces and continue as one of the largest land owners in northern Jordan.

The Ottomans introduced a system of elected local government in the 1860s in what was known as the council of Ajloun, with representation from the old prominent clans of Ajloun with the Al-Khasawneh always having an elected member. This was part of a larger process taking place all over the Middle East whereby the Ottoman co-opted local forces into local and central government.

Sub-branches[edit]

The different branches of the clan are: Al Homoud, Al- Nawasir, Al-Musa, Al Essa, Al Nasser,Al Barakat, Al Hindawi, Al Musleh, Al Halalsheh, Al-Yousuf. A separate branch settled in the village of Beit Guvrin in Palestine, and is today called "Al-Azzah." There is also another part of the Al-Azzah clan that settled in Iraq, which is known as the Azzawi clan.

Al-Musa[edit]

The family tree of the Al-Musa branch is as follows (in Arabic):

موسى بن موسى بن حمد بن اسماعيل بن علي المحمد أبو الفيض العلي أبو شاك الأحمد الباز الأشهب الأحمد العياد المحمد شمس الدين العبدالرحمن العلي اليحيى الثايت الحازم الأحمد الأحمد العلي الحسن الرفاعة المهدي محمد أبا القاسم الحسن الحسن الموسى الثاني ابراهيم المرتضى الموسى الكاظم جعفر الصادق

Al-Halalsheh also known Hallosh[edit]

Al-Halalsheh is an important part of Al-Khasawneh Family. and this branch family took its name after one of Al-Khasawneh men, his name was Ibrahim Alethaeif (weak - because he was so thin)-1700. He used to use a tool called Halsheh. It's a multipurpose tool for fight in wars and agriculture.

Al-Nawasir[edit]

The family tree of the Al-Nawasir branch is as follows (in Arabic):

ناصر بن حمد بن اسماعيل بن علي المحمد أبو الفيض العلي أبو شاك الأحمد الباز الأشهب الأحمد العياد المحمد شمس الدين العبدالرحمن العلي اليحيى الثايت الحازم الأحمد الأحمد العلي الحسن الرفاعة المهدي محمد أبا القاسم الحسن الحسن الموسى الثاني ابراهيم المرتضى الموسى الكاظم جعفر الصادق

Yousef Al-Mohd[edit]

The family tree of the Yousef Al-Mohd branch is as follows (in Arabic):

يوسف بن محمد بن عبدالعزيز بن أحمد بن عبدالله بن علي المحمد أبو الفيض العلي أبو شاك الأحمد الباز الأشهب الأحمد العياد المحمد شمس الدين العبدالرحمن العلي اليحيى الثايت الحازم الأحمد الأحمد العلي الحسن الرفاعة المهدي محمد أبا القاسم الحسن الحسن الموسى الثاني ابراهيم المرتضى الموسى الكاظم جعفر الصادق

Al-Issa[edit]

The family tree of the Al-Issa branch is as follows (in Arabic):

عيسى بن صالح بن موسى بن حمد بن اسماعيل بن علي المحمد أبو الفيض العلي أبو شاك الأحمد الباز الأشهب الأحمد العياد المحمد شمس الدين العبدالرحمن العلي اليحيى الثايت الحازم الأحمد الأحمد العلي الحسن الرفاعة المهدي محمد أبا القاسم الحسن الحسن الموسى الثاني ابراهيم المرتضى الموسى الكاظم جعفر الصادق

Al-Homoud[edit]

حمود بن صالح بن موسى بن حمد بن اسماعيل بن علي المحمد أبو الفيض العلي أبو شاك الأحمد الباز الأشهب الأحمد العياد المحمد شمس الدين العبدالرحمن العلي اليحيى الثايت الحازم الأحمد الأحمد العلي الحسن الرفاعة المهدي محمد أبا القاسم الحسن الحسن الموسى الثاني ابراهيم المرتضى الموسى الكاظم جعفر الصادق

Al-Musleh[edit]

مصلح بن صالح بن موسى بن حمد بن اسماعيل بن علي المحمد أبو الفيض العلي أبو شاك الأحمد الباز الأشهب الأحمد العياد المحمد شمس الدين العبدالرحمن العلي اليحيى الثايت الحازم الأحمد الأحمد العلي الحسن الرفاعة المهدي محمد أبا القاسم الحسن الحسن الموسى الثاني ابراهيم المرتضى الموسى الكاظم جعفر الصادق

People[edit]

  • Awn Shawkat Al-Khasawneh ( Prime Minister of Jordan, Oct 2011 - April 2012 - Judge, International Court of Justice)
  • Awni Mohammad Saleh Al-Khasawneh (General Director of the Royal Jordanian Geographic Centre, Brigadier General in the Jordanian Armed forces, Secretary General of the Arab Union for Astronomical and Space Sciences)
  • Fayez Essa Khasawneh (Former Minister of Agriculture / Former President of Yarmouk University / Former Chairman, Board of Trustees Of The German Jordanian University) / Former President and Chairman of the Board, Aqaba Region Authority / Former Secretary General Of The Arab Thought Forum / Chairman, Board of Trustees at Yarmouk University
  • Hani AL-Khasawneh (Former Ambassador and Former Minister of Information / Former Minister of Youth)
  • Saleh Fawaz Khasawneh (Former Minister of Labor)
  • Ali AlHindawi Al-Khasawneh (Former Minister)

Thogan Al-Hindawi Al-Khasawneh (Former Minister) Ahmad Thogan Al-Hindawi (Former Minister)

  • Sheikh Abdul Karim Khasawneh (Grand Mufti of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan).
  • Hamad Al Farhan Al-Halalsheh Al-Khasawneh(Former minister)
  • Amal Hamad Al Farhan Al-Halalsheh Al-Khasawneh (Former Minister)
  • Sameh Qassem Al-Nasser Al-Khasawneh (Secretary General, Civil Service Bureau)
  • Ahmad Mansour Al-Khasawneh (Dean of Prince Al-Hussein bin Abdullah II Faculty of Information Technology, Hashemite University).
  • Jamil Khasawneh (Cancer and Diabetes, Novartis-Germany).
  • Bisher Hani Khasawneh (Ambassador)
  • Mazen Hmoud Al-Khasawneh (Ambassador)
  • Naseam Mohammed Khasawneh (Former Governor)
  • Naseer Homoud (Former Ambassador)
  • Munther Saqer Al-Khasawneh (Ambassador)
  • Waddah Hmoud Al-Khasawneh (Brigadier General in the Jordanian Police Administration)
  • "Mohammad Aiman" Tawfiq Khasawneh (Ophthalmologist Specialist)
  • Anis Saqer Khasawneh (Professor of Public Administration, Yarmouk University - Dean of Research and Graduate Studies, Mutah University - Dean of Planning and Management, Al-Balqa` Applied University
  • Rami Raja Saleh Khasawneh,RN,MHA,Jordan University of Science and Technology*

References[edit]

Dr.eng. Yaqoub Mohammad Al-Khasawneh "Hitachi Power" Germany