Al-Khisas, Gaza

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al-Khisas
Arabic خربة الخِصاص
Also spelled Khirbat Khisâs
Subdistrict Gaza
Palestine grid 108/117
Population 150[1] (1945)
Area 6,269[1] dunams
Date of depopulation November 4–5, 1948[2]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Ashqelon

Al-Khisas (Arabic: خربة الخِصاص‎, Khirbat Khisâs) was a Palestinian Arab village located 18.5 kilometers (11.5 mi) northeast of Gaza near the modern city of Ashqelon.[3]

History[edit]

Al-Khisas contained remnants of wells and burial grounds, which indicated earlier inhabitation.[4] The modern village was classified as a hamlet in the Palestine Index Gazetter, and was built after World War I[5] Farmers from neighboring areas first built temporary huts at the site to shelter themselves during the harvest, gradually they settled and built adobe houses.[5]

The population, who were Muslim,[5] numbered 150 in 1945.[1] They relied on neighboring villages Al-Jura and Ni'ilya for medical, educational and administrative services.[5] In 1944/45 a total of 191 dunums of village land was allocated to citrus and bananas, while 419 dunums were used for cereal farming. 2,671 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards.[6]

The village was depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War between November 4–5, 1948 at the end of Operation Yo'av.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Hadawi, 1970, p. 46.
  2. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xix, village #308. Also gives the cause for depopulation.
  3. ^ al-Khisas, Palestine Remembered, retrieved 2009-10-22 
  4. ^ Conder, Claude Reignier and H.H. Kitchener: The Survey of Western Palestine. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund, 1881, III: p.283. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p.123
  5. ^ a b c d e Khalidi, 1992, p.123
  6. ^ Hadawi, 1970, p.87

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]