Al-Ma'ida

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Al-Ma'ida
المائدة
Classification Madinan
Meaning of the name The Table Spread with Food
Statistics
Sura number 5
Number of verses 120
Juz' number 6 to 7
Hizb number 11 to 13
Number of Rukus 16
Number of Sajdahs none
Previous Sura An-Nisa
Next Sura Al-An'am

Sura Al-Ma'ida (Arabic: سورة المائدة‎, Sūratu al-Mā'idah, "The Table" or "The Table Spread with Food") is the fifth chapter of the Qur'an, with 120 verses. It is a Madinan sura. The sura's topics include animals which are forbidden, Isa (Jesus') and Musa's (Moses) missions.

Content[edit]

[Quran 5:1][edit]

It begins by specifying which animals are forbidden and which are permissible to consume. These are verse 1 and verse 3.

(1) O ye who believe! fulfil (all) obligations. Lawful unto you (for food) are all four-footed animals, with the exceptions named: But animals of the chase are forbidden while ye are in the sacred precincts or in pilgrim garb: for Allah doth command according to His will and plan.

(3) Forbidden to you (for food) are: dead meat, blood, the flesh of swine, and that on which hath been invoked the name of other than Allah. that which hath been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by being gored to death; that which hath been (partly) eaten by a wild animal; unless ye are able to slaughter it (in due form); that which is sacrificed on stone (altars); (forbidden) also is the division (of meat) by raffling with arrows: that is impiety. This day have those who reject faith given up all hope of your religion: yet fear them not but fear Me. This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion. But if any is forced by hunger, with no inclination to transgression, Allah is indeed Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.

[Quran 5:3][edit]

This verse has a Parenthetical Sentence "...This day have those who disbelieve despaired of your religion, so fear them not, and fear Me. This day have I perfected for you your religion and completed My favor on you and chosen for you Islam as a religion.." This verse was revealed at Arafat as reported in the authentic hadith: Narrated 'Umar bin Al-Khattab:Once a Jew said to me, "O the chief of believers! There is a verse in your Holy Book Which is read by all of you (Muslims), and had it been revealed to us, we would have taken that day (on which it was revealed as a day of celebration." 'Umar bin Al-Khattab asked, "Which is that verse?" The Jew replied, "This day I have perfected your religion For you, completed My favor upon you, And have chosen for you Islam as your religion." (5:3) 'Umar replied,"No doubt, we know when and where this verse was revealed to the Prophet. It was Friday and the Prophet was standing at 'Arafat (i.e. the Day of Hajj)."-Bukhari

[Quran 5:5][edit]

This day [all] good foods have been made lawful, and the food of those who were given the Scripture is lawful for you and your food is lawful for them. And [lawful in marriage are] chaste women from among the believers and chaste women from among those who were given the Scripture before you, when you have given them their due compensation, desiring chastity, not unlawful sexual intercourse or taking [secret] lovers. And whoever denies the faith - his work has become worthless, and he, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers.[citation needed].

[Quran 5:8][edit]

The Maulawi Sher Ali translation, "And remember Allah’s favour upon you and the covenant which He made with you, when you said, ‘We hear and we obey.’ And fear Allah. Surely, Allah knows well what is in the minds",[1] used by the Ahmadiyya Islamic religious movement, does not include the injunction in the Pickthall translation to, "let not hatred of any people seduce you that ye deal not justly".[Quran 5:8]

[Quran 5:17][edit]

The Quran: An Encyclopedia, authored by 43 Muslim and non-Muslim academics says, "The idea that God is Jesus is also highly objectionable, although again whether this really is a Christian mainstream doctrine is dubious".[2]

[Quran 5:32][edit]

This verse explicitly forbids murder: It relates only to the people of the book, i.e. the Jews, it is not an instruction for Muslims. Muslims are instructed in the next verse 5:33.[citation needed]

[5.32 Pickthall] For that cause We decreed for the Children of Israel that whosoever killeth a human being for other than manslaughter or corruption in the earth, it shall be as if he had killed all mankind, and whoso saveth the life of one, it shall be as if he had saved the life of all mankind. Our messengers came unto them of old with clear proofs (of Allah's Sovereignty), but afterwards lo! many of them became prodigals in the earth.

[Quran 5:33][edit]

This verse permits Muslims to impose capital punishment on those who make war upon Allah and His messenger and strive after corruption in the land.[neutrality is disputed]

[5:33 Pickthall] The only reward of those who make war upon Allah and His messenger and strive after corruption in the land will be that they will be killed or crucified, or have their hands and feet on alternate sides cut off, or will be expelled out of the land. Such will be their degradation in the world, and in the Hereafter theirs will be an awful doom;

[Quran 5:36][edit]

Verse 36 is a reference to the day of judgement (Qiyamah), one of three principal beliefs of Islam, and a central concept in Islamic eschatology.

[Quran 5:51][edit]

This verse was revealed to Muhammad after a group of Jews and Christians who had signed a peace treaty with the Muslims broke the treaty and murdered some allies of the Muslim community.[citation needed]

O you who believe! do not take the Jews and the Christians for friends..."

Further information: Islam and antisemitism

[Quran 5:54][edit]

Verse 54 is one of three verses in the Qur'an that includes the word Irtiddah, relevant to apostasy [3]. It is also interesting in relation to who the "beloved" are; some hadith view it as being Abu Musa al-Ashari,[3] while others[who?] say it is Salman the Persian, and even some[who?] say it is Abu Bakr[citation needed].

[Quran 5:55][edit]

Verse 55 is well known and important to Shi'a Muslims, and is interpreted by them to suggest that Ali is the Wali of the Muslims.[citation needed]

The Shi'ah View[edit]

In this verse, God used the singular form "waliyyukum" implying the "wilayah" (Guardianship of the believers) is a single project. In other words, the "wilayah" of the Messenger and that of the Ali springs from the root of God's wilayah. The word "wali" in the context of this verse cannot mean "friend" because there is not a single verse in the Qur'an where God says that anyone of His Messengers is a friend or helper of their followers. Further if the verse implied "wilayah" in the sense of friend or helper, then the singular form "waliyyukum" would not have been used but the plural form "awliya'ukum" would be appropriate because the "friendship" of God is unique.[citation needed]

Tahir ul Qadri writes regarding this verse:[4]

A narration attributed to Ammar bin Yasir reports:

Sunnis tend to view this with differing views
Shi'as tend to view this as Sahih

[Quran 5:54][edit]

Chapter (5) sūrat l-māidah (The Table spread with Food) verse 5:54:1 to 5:55:13

5:54:1 to 5:54:8 O you who believe,whoever turn back amoung you from his religions.

5:54:9 to 5:54:14 Then soon will be brought by God,the people whom he loves and they love him.

5:54:15 to 5:54:20 Humble towards the believers,sterns towards the disbelievers.

5:54:21 to 5:54:28 Striving ("Pilgrimage" "Journey") in way of " my "God" and not fearing the blame,the critic.

5:54:29 to 5:54:32 (when say)that's "grace of "my "God" (I granted)"" ,(and) he ("my "God") grants whom (whoever) he wills (he want to grant them and soon will be brought together by "my "God").

5:54:35 to 5:55:13 And God,all encompassion(all guiding),all knowing,only your ally,"God" and his messengers and those who believe,and those who establish the prayer and give the purification works (I-zakata,) and they those who bow down.


Chapter (5) sūrat l-māidah (The Table spread with Food) verse 5:56:1 to 5:56:11

5:56:1 to 5:56:11 And who ever takes as an ally,"God" and his messenger and those who believe,then indeed,the party of my "God",they,"the victorious","ghalibuna".

      • People in ways of Peace,people who bring Peace to people in ways of Peace,they are not "infidel". " ***

[Quran 5:67][edit]

Verse 67 is relevant to the The Farewell Pilgrimage and Ghadir Khumm. It is said to contain a prophecy [5]

[Quran 5:69][edit]

Verses [Quran 2:62], [Quran 5:69] and [Quran 22:17] addresses the Jews, Christians and Sabians.

[Quran 5:72],[Quran 5:73][edit]

The Quran: An Encyclopedia says, "The Qur'an’s objection to Christian practice is Christianity’s shirk, its worship of Jesus, Mary and the saints ‘in derogation of Allah’. There is no justification in believing in the Trinity, for Jesus never would have condoned such a concept".[2]

[Quran 5:87][edit]

Verses 87 is reported in Sahih Bukhari to be a Hadiths related to Mut'ah.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maulawi Sher Ali. "Qur'an English w/ 5 Vol. Commentary". Al Islam. Retrieved 24 June 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Leaman, Oliver, ed. (2006). "The Qur'an: an Encyclopedia". Routledge. pp. 144–145. ISBN 0-415-32639-7. Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  3. ^ Ahadith In Praise Of The Ash`Aris
  4. ^ The Ghadir Declaration, By Dr. Tahir al-Qadiri, Page 48 & 49 [1] [2][dead link]
  5. ^ Hesham Azmy. "Noorullah Website - Exposing Fallacies". Archived from the original on 2009-10-25. 

External links[edit]

  • Surah Al-Mai'da (Complete text in Arabic with English and French translations)
  • Quran Al-Mai'da with Translation

See also[edit]

Other Information[edit]

Previous sura:
An-Nisa
Sura 5 Next sura:
Al-An'am
Arabic text