Al-Mazar, Haifa

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This article is about the depopulated Palestinian village in the District of Haifa. For the depopulated Palestinian village in the District of Jenin, see Al-Mazar, Jenin.
Al-Mazar
Al-Mazar is located in Mandatory Palestine
Al-Mazar
Al-Mazar
Arabic
Subdistrict Haifa
Coordinates 32°40′56.4″N 34°57′52.2″E / 32.682333°N 34.964500°E / 32.682333; 34.964500Coordinates: 32°40′56.4″N 34°57′52.2″E / 32.682333°N 34.964500°E / 32.682333; 34.964500
Population 210 (1945)
Area
Date of depopulation July 15, 1948[1]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities 'En Karmel

Al-Mazar was a Palestinian Arab village located 4 kilometers (2.5 mi) northeast of al-Sarafand.[2] In 1945, it had a population of 210.

History[edit]

The village name Mazar, which is Arabic for "shrine", "a place one visits", was probably meant to commemorate the many people who were killed and buried there in the wars against the Crusaders.[3]

1948, and aftermath[edit]

The village was first raided by the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) on May 17 during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war, with the aim of "rendering [the village] unworthy of use."[2] The IDF encountered only 10-20 Arabs, who ran away, and the troops proceeded to "burn what could be burned."[2] Within days of the IDF's withdrawal, some of the villagers had returned, Arab militants and civilians.[2][4] The village was permanently depopulated as a result of another IDF military assault in mid-July 1948.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xviii, village #169. Also gives cause of depopulation
  2. ^ a b c d Morris, 2004, p. 248.
  3. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p.178
  4. ^ a b Morris, 2004, p. 438.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]