al-Mu'tamid

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This article is about the Abbasid Caliph al-Mu'tamid of Baghdad. For the Andalusi Arabic poet who was also the Abbadid king of Seville, see Muhammad Ibn Abbad Al Mutamid

Al-Mu'tamid
المعتمد
15th Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate
Abbasid Caliph in Samarra
Reign 870 to 892
Predecessor Al-Muhtadi
Successor Al-Mu'tadid
Dynasty Abbasid
Father al-Mutawakkil
Born 844
Died 15 October 892
Religion Islam

Al-Mu'tamid (المعتمد al-Muʿtamid) (844 – 15 October 892) was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 870 to 892 and eldest surviving son of al-Mutawakkil. He held the title of caliph for 23 years, though he was a largely a ruler in name only.

His reign as caliph[edit]

Gold dinar of al-Mu'tamid, with the names of al-Muwaffaq and the vizier Sa'id ibn Makhlad (Dhu'l-Wizaratayn)

During the reign of his predecessor, al-Muhtadi, al-Mu'tamid was imprisoned in Samarra. He was released after al-Muhtadi was deposed.

Al-Mu'tamid's brother, al-Muwaffaq, had a claim to the throne and when the Zanj Rebellion started near Baghdad, al-Mu'tamid summoned al-Muwaffaq to help him. From that point forward, al-Muwaffaq essentially ruled as Caliph in all but name. After al-Muwaffaq fell ill, he transferred substantial authority to his son, al-Mu'tadid. Al-Mu'tadid was popular in the capital, Baghdad, and al-Mu'tamid never regained any real power. In the year following his brother's death, al-Mu'tamid was obliged to publicly remove his own son al-Mufawwad from the succession and recognize al-Mu'tadid as his successor. He did not survive long thereafter;he drunk himself to death during a night festival in October 892, at the age of 50.

Al-Mu'tamid highest achievement may be the continuation of the era of prosperity that began with al-Muhtadi and lasted until the end of the century. However, the main cause of this prosperity was the return of the court in 892 to Baghdad, which curbed the power of Turkish soldiers. During al-Mu'tamid's reign and the two successive reigns, there were no assassination attempts upon the Caliph.

References[edit]

Al-Mu'tamid
Born:  ? Died: 892
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
Al-Muhtadi
Caliph of Islam
870–892
Succeeded by
Al-Mu'tadid