al-Muqtafi

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For the 10th-century caliph, see Al-Muktafi. For the Palestinian legal database, see Al-Muqtafi (legal and judicial).
Al-Muqtafi
المقتفي لأمر الله
31st Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate
Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad
Reign 1136 to 1160
Predecessor Al-Rashid
Successor Al-Mustanjid
Born 1096
Died 12 March 1160
Religion Islam

Al-Muqtafi (1096 – 12 March 1160) (Arabic: المقتفي لأمر الله‎) was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 1136 to 1160. The continued disunion and contests between Seljuk Turks afforded al-Muqtafi opportunity of not only maintaining his authority in Baghdad, but also extending it throughout Iraq.

Al-Muqtafi was able to defend the Capital from various attacks. But he was ill-advised enough to support the rebellion of a son of Seljuk Sultan of Hamadan, who in response marched against Baghdad and forced the Caliph to take refuge in the eastern quarter, initiating the Seljuk siege of Baghdad 1157. Later the Caliph was recalled by the Sultan who needed him to quell a more serious rising in the East when Malik Shah took Hamadan. Al-Muqtafi again received favor by the Seljuk, who betrothed himself to one of his daughters.

During this Caliphate, the Crusade was raging furiously, and Zengi, the governor of Mosul and founder of Zengid dynasty, obtained high distinction as a brave and generous warrior. At one time hard pressed, Zengi made urgent appeal for help to Baghdad. The Sultan and the Caliph despatched 20,000 men in response. But in reality neither the Seljuks, nor the Caliph, nor their Amirs, had any enthusiasm in war against Crusaders.

Al-Muqtafi is praised by early Muslim historians as virtuous, able, and brave. During his Caliphate of twenty-five years, he conducted many minor expeditions against enemies in the vicinity.

A charter of protection granted by al-Muqtafi in 1139 to the Nestorian patriarch ʿAbdishoʿ III was published in 1926 by the Chaldean scholar Alphonse Mingana.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mingana, A., 'A Charter of Protection Granted to the Nestorian Church in AD 1138 by Muktafi II, Caliph of Baghdad', Bulletin of the John Rylands Library, 10 (1926), 126-33

References[edit]

Al-Muqtafi
Cadet branch of the Banu Hashim
Born:  ? Died: 1160
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
Al-Rashid
Caliph of Islam
1136–1160
Succeeded by
Al-Mustanjid