al-Mustansir (Baghdad)

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For the Mamluk-installed caliph in Cairo, see Al-Mustansir (Cairo).
Abû Ja`far al-Mustansir bi-llah al-Mansûr ben az-Zâhir
ابو جعفر المستنسر باللہ المنصور بن الظاھر
36th Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate
Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad
Reign 1226 to 1242
Predecessor az-Zahir
Successor al-Musta'sim
Father az-Zahir
Born 1192
Baghdad
Died December 2, 1242
Religion Islam

Al-Mustansir Bi'llah (full name:Abû Ja`far al-Mustansir bi-llah al-Mansûr ben az-Zâhir[1] Surname Al-Mustansir)[2] was born in Baghdad on 1192. On his father's death in 1226 he has succeeded his father Az-Zahir as the thirty-sixth Abbasid caliph. Al-Mustansir died on December 2, 1242.[3] His son Al-Musta'sim succeeded him as the caliph.

Mustansiriya Madrasah, was established in 1227 (or 1232/34 A.D. by some accounts) by the Abbasid Caliph Al-Mustansir and was one of the oldest universities in the world. Its building, located on the left bank of the Tigris River, survived the Mongol invasion and has been restored.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arabic : abū jaʿfar al-mustanṣir bi-llāh al-manṣūr ben aẓ-ẓāhir,
    أبو جعفر المسنتصر بالله المنصور بن محمد الظاهر
  2. ^ Arabic : Al-Mustanṣir, ar
  3. ^ 6 Jumada ath-thani 640 A.H.

Sources[edit]

Al-Mustansir (Baghdad)
Cadet branch of the Banu Hashim
Born: 1192 Died: 1242
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
Az-Zahir
Caliph of Islam
1226–1242
Succeeded by
Al-Musta'sim