Al-Mustansir (Arabic: المستنصر بالله الثاني) was a member of the Abbasid house who, following the sack of Baghdad by the Mongols in 1258, was installed as Caliph in Cairo, Egypt by the Mamluk Sultans in 1261. He was sent with an army east to recover Baghdad, but was killed in a Mongol ambush in 1262, and was succeeded by his kinsman (and rival caliph, having been proclaimed by the ruler of Aleppo) Al-Hakim I. The line of Cairo caliphs he founded lasted until the Ottoman conquest of Egypt in 1517, but they were little more than religious figureheads for the Mamluks.
- "Biography of Al-Mustansir II" (in Arabic). Islampedia.com. Archived from the original on 2008-06-11.
- Garcin, Jean-Claude (1967). "Histoire, opposition, politique et piétisme traditionaliste dans le Ḥusn al Muḥādarat de Suyûti" [History, opposition, politics and traditionalistic pietism in Suyuti's Ḥusn al Muḥādarat] (PDF, 14.62 MB). Annales Islamologiques (in French) (Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale) 7: pp. 33–90. Retrieved 2010-07-22.
- Holt, P. M. (1984). "Some Observations on the 'Abbāsid Caliphate of Cairo". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies (subscription required ) (University of London) 47 (3): pp. 501–507. JSTOR 618882.
Al-Mustansir (Cairo)Born: ? Died: 1262
|Sunni Islam titles|
Title last held byAl-Musta'sim
as Caliph in Baghdad
|Caliph of Islam