Al-Qalamoun

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Al-Qalamoun
City
Map showing the location of Al-Qalamoun within Lebanon
Map showing the location of Al-Qalamoun within Lebanon
Al-Qalamoun
Location within Lebanon
Coordinates: 34°23′00″N 35°47′00″E / 34.3833°N 35.7833°E / 34.3833; 35.7833Coordinates: 34°23′00″N 35°47′00″E / 34.3833°N 35.7833°E / 34.3833; 35.7833
Country  Lebanon
Governorate North Governorate
District Tripoli District
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Dialing code +961

Al-Qalamoun (Arabic: القلمون) is a Mediterranean seaside town of the North Governorate of Lebanon in the Tripoli District.[1] The town is 5 km south of Tripoli[2] and is also the first town south of Tripoli.[3]

Name[edit]

During Greco-Roman times Al-Qalamoun was known as Kalamos or Kalomo, while during the Crusades the town was known as Calmont or Calamón.[4][5]

Other modern day names for Al-Qalamoun include: El-Qalmoun, Al-Qalamun, El-Qalmoûn, Al-Qalamūn and El-Qalamoûn.[6]

History[edit]

Al-Qalamoun has a history spanning 5000 years[7] and during its history was an agricultural village.[8]

In modern times it has become a center for metal smiths working in copper, brass and bronze. This occurred after metal workers and artisans from Tripoli's Souk an-Nahhassine (the traditional market of Tripoli) moved to Al-Qalamoun several decades ago.[9][10][11][12][13][14]

Buildings[edit]

In Al-Qalamoun there exists an old mosque known as the Bahr Mosque (mosque of the sea). As circulated among the citizens of the town, the mosque dates back to about 800 years ago. This is ascertained by a three-line tablet pasted on the wall besides the pulpit (527 A.H./1132 C.E.). This date coincides with the time during which Tripoli was under the Crusaders' rule. The mosque was restored by Sheikh Ali al-Baghdadi (d. 1192 A.H./1778 C.E.). The mosque is composed of two large halls. It was constructed using sandstone, as in the case of the mosques in Tripoli. The upper side of the wall has adorned cornices and above the mosque is a new minaret.

South from the Bahr Mosque is the Ayn el-Jami'i prayer house. As circulated among the citizens of the city, the mosque dates back to the Crusaders. Muslims constructed this place near a water source, then it developed into a prayer house, then became the Ayn Mosque. A charitable association transformed the mosque into a theological school.[15]

Climate[edit]

The table below displays average monthly climate indicators in Al-Qalamoun based on 8 years of historical weather readings.

Climate data for Al-Qalamoun, Lebanon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 16
(61)
17
(63)
18
(64)
21
(70)
25
(77)
28
(82)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
26
(79)
22
(72)
18
(64)
23
(73)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(46)
7
(45)
10
(50)
12
(54)
16
(61)
19
(66)
22
(72)
22
(72)
21
(70)
17
(63)
12
(54)
10
(50)
15
(59)
Avg. precipitation days 6 4 4 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 4 24
Source: climate-zone.com/[16]

Economy[edit]

The main street (avenue) in the town is lined with small workshops and showrooms where brass bowls, candlesticks and other objects are produced (hammered out) in the old traditional way. A good look around these shops can reveal interesting antique pieces as well. Roadside stands also sell olive oil products and fruit juices and syrups made from cranberry, mulberry, lemon, orange and other juices.[17][18][19][20][21] Al-Qalamoun is also famous for distilled flower and rose essences, that are used to add a nice flavor and smell to sweets. The town is also known for the Jazariyyeh (a kind of sweet made of carrots).[22]

People[edit]

The residents of Al-Qalamoun are Sunni Muslims and number a few thousand people.

Notable people[edit]

Some notable people born in or descending from Al-Qalamoun include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Qalamoun Homepage
  2. ^ Towns and Villages Neighbouring Tripoli Lebanon
  3. ^ Al Qalamoun
  4. ^ Major Cities – Qalamoun
  5. ^ Al Qalamoun
  6. ^ Al Qalamun, Lebanon Page
  7. ^ Kalamoun Homepage
  8. ^ Towns and Villages Neighbouring Tripoli Lebanon
  9. ^ Major Cities – Qalamoun
  10. ^ Al Qalamoun
  11. ^ Al Qalamoun
  12. ^ Kalamoun Homepage
  13. ^ Al Qalamoun
  14. ^ Towns and Villages Neighbouring Tripoli Lebanon
  15. ^ Towns and Villages Neighbouring Tripoli Lebanon
  16. ^ "Al-Qalamoun’s climate equated with Tripoli’s climate due to close proximity". climate-zone.com/. 2006. Retrieved 2010-01-12. 
  17. ^ Al Qalamoun
  18. ^ Al Qalamoun
  19. ^ Kalamoun Homepage
  20. ^ Al Qalamoun
  21. ^ Major Cities – Qalamoun
  22. ^ Towns and Villages Neighbouring Tripoli Lebanon

External links[edit]