Rixos Al Rasheed Baghdad Hotel
|Rixos Al Rasheed Hotel|
Rixos Al Rasheed Baghdad Hotel (sometimes spelled Al-Rashid) (Arabic,فندق الرشيد) is an 18-story hotel in Baghdad, Iraq, favored by journalists and media personnel due to its location within Baghdad's Green Zone. It is named after the eighth century Caliph Harun Al-Rashid. It has been a focal point in a number of conflicts in the region, most recently the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
In 1982, in the midst of the Iran-Iraq War, in an attempt to show the world that Iraq was stable and safe, Saddam Hussein planned to host an international Non-Aligned Movement conference in the hotel. Iranian general and fighter pilot Abbas Doran led a large air attack on Baghdad to prove Hussein wrong and hit military targets all over the city. When his F-4 Phantom fighter plane was badly hit, rather than ejecting and being taken prisoner, he crashed his fighter jet into the building, badly damaging it. As a result the conference was relocated to New Delhi rather than Baghdad, and Doran is revered today as a legendary pilot and martyr in Iran.
It gained worldwide fame during the 1991 Persian Gulf War when CNN conducted their newscasts from the hotel, propelling the network's senior war correspondent Peter Arnett to fame. Between the Persian Gulf War and the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the building was the main housing facility for Western businessmen and diplomats, as well as foreign press.
A tile mosaic depicting U.S. President George H.W. Bush with a look of astonishment on his face was installed on the floor of the lobby after the Persian Gulf War. This was intended to force any visitors to walk over his face to enter the hotel (a serious insult in Arab culture). On 17 January 1993, the hotel was damaged in a US missile strike and the attack resulted in civilian casualties. The artist, Layla Al-Attar, who did the mosaic died along with her husband and housekeeper when another stray US missile hit her house. After the invasion in 2003, the mosaic was smashed by U.S. soldiers, who left a portrait of Saddam Hussein behind.
After the invasion, the hotel was converted into a base for the Coalition and the American military. On October 26, 2003 twenty-eight 68 mm and 85 mm Katyusha rockets were fired at and struck the hotel, killing Lieutenant Colonel Charles H. Buehring and injuring 17 others. An additional 12 rockets failed to fire and remained in their tubes in the improvised launcher which was located less than 250 meters from the hotel. Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz was staying in the hotel the night of the attack but was unhurt while author and United States Department of Labor official Craig Davis was injured.
Prior to the 2003 invasion, the hotel housed a shopping centre. The shops offered handmade items, souvenirs, carpets and jewellery shops. The hotel also housed an internet cafe in 2002. From 2005 through 2006 when a U.S. military Dining Facility (DFAC) was located in its lobby restaurant, the shops did a brisk business with American servicemembers. As of 2009, the shops and the internet cafe have returned, as well as a cafe. The hotel hosts meetings for economic development. Its position astride the International Zone ("Green Zone") boundary allows relative ease of attendance by Iraqis residing outside the International Zone.
The hotel underwent a subsequent $65m renovation between 2010 and 2011 in preparation for an intended Arab leader's summit.
It joined the Rixos chain in 2012.
- US Airstrike on Hotel Al Rasheed
- "Bush Sr. Doormat in Baghdad Hotel Dismantled". Fox News. April 11, 2003.
- ""Reinserting labor into the Iraqi Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs" Monthly Labor Review Online - International Report June 2005, Vol. 128, No. 6". Bls.gov. Retrieved 2012-05-09.
- Renovation of the hotel[dead link]
- 8 Sep 2011 Logan Broyles (2011-09-08). "Spotlight on Baghdad: Al-Rasheed Hotel Reopens". Construction Digital. Retrieved 2012-05-09.