Al-Ruways

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al-Ruways
al-Ruways is located in Mandatory Palestine
al-Ruways
al-Ruways
Arabic الرويس
Also spelled al-Ruweis
Subdistrict Acre
Coordinates 32°51′50.01″N 35°10′40.46″E / 32.8638917°N 35.1779056°E / 32.8638917; 35.1779056Coordinates: 32°51′50.01″N 35°10′40.46″E / 32.8638917°N 35.1779056°E / 32.8638917; 35.1779056
Population 330 (1945)
Area 1,163[1] dunams

1.2 km²

Date of depopulation July 15-16, 1948[2]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces

al-Ruways (Arabic: الرويس‎) was a Palestinian Arab village of 330 on a rocky hill located 12 kilometers (7.5 mi) southeast of Acre and south of al-Damun.[3]

History[edit]

Al-Ruways stood on the site of the Crusader town of Careblier.[3] In 1266, a Crusader vanguard returning from a raid in Tiberias to Acre was ambushed by Mamluk forces based in Safad in Careblier.[4] Based on tradition, the people of the village professed to have blood relations with Husam ad-Din Abu al-Hija. Hussam ad-Din was a high-ranking officer in the Ayyubid army of Saladin.[5]

In the late nineteenth century, al-Ruways was situated on open ground with olive groves to the north of the village. Its population of 400 was entirely Muslim.[6] Under the British Mandate of Palestine in the early twentieth century, al-Ruways was one of the smallest villages in the District of Acre, with a population of 217 in 1931, and consisting of two quarters. The village had a mosque, its children attended school in nearby al-Damun. The villagers drinking water came from domestic wells, and they primarily grew wheat, corn, sesame, watermelons, and olives.[3] In Sami Hadawi's population survey, al-Ruways had a population of 330 in 1945.[7]

On July 18, 1948, two days after Nazareth was occupied by Israel's Seventh Brigade in Operation Dekel, some units advanced into the Western Galilee and captured a number of Arab villages, one of which was al-Ruways. The inhabitants fled after bombardment and the fall of major neighboring towns (Shefa-'Amr and Nazareth).[8][9] According to Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi, "the site is deserted. The debris of old wells and cement roofs is strewn of over the site, which is otherwise covered by a forest of eucalyptus trees and cactus."[8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Palestine remembered al-Ruways
  2. ^ Morris, 2004, p xvii village #91. Also gives the cause of depopulation.
  3. ^ a b c Khalidi, 1992, p.28.
  4. ^ Bronstein, 2005, p.46.
  5. ^ Benvenisti, 2000, p.195.
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP, Vol. I, p.271. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 28
  7. ^ Hadawi, 1970, p.41.
  8. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p.29.
  9. ^ Morris, 2004, pp.421-423.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]