House of Sabah

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The House of Sabah (Arabic: آل صباحĀl Sabah) is the ruling family of Kuwait. The family originated from the Utub federation.

The Emir of Kuwait is a member of the House of Sabah who heads the executive branch of Kuwait. He is nominated by a family council headed by prominent members of the family. The Kuwaiti parliament has the constitutional right to approve and disapprove of an Emir's appointment under Article 4 of the Constitution of Kuwait, therefore the parliament has the authority to remove an Emir from his post. The parliament effectively removed Saad al-Sabah from his post in 2006 due to his illness.

The crown prince has to be a senior member of the House of Sabah. He is nominated by a family council headed by prominent members of the family. The appointment of a crown prince requires approval by an absolute majority of the members of the Kuwaiti parliament, the National Assembly. If the new crown prince fails to win approval from the National Assembly, the Emir submits three eligible members of the family for consideration, and the National Assembly selects one to be the crown prince. The National Assembly also determines the Emir's salary.[1]

Monarchs[edit]

Governing branches[edit]

Succession to the throne of Kuwait is limited to the descendants of Mubarak Al-Sabah. The reigning emir must appoint an heir apparent within one year of his accession to the throne; the nomination needs approval by the majority of members of Kuwait's parliament, the National Assembly. If the new crown prince fails to win approval from the National Assembly, the Emir submits three eligible members of the family for consideration, and the National Assembly selects one to be the crown prince.

The Crown Prince has to be a senior member of the House of Sabah. The position of Emir is also traditionally alternated between the two main branches of the House of Sabah, the Al-Ahmed and Al-Salem branches. The Prime Minister is appointed by the Emir, however the appointment of the prime minister requires approval from the majority of members of the National Assembly parliament.

Sheikhs of the House of Sabah have been leading the Military of Kuwait since the early establishment of defense infantry and cavalry forces.[2] Since the forming of the first cabinet on 17 January 1962, all three of the defense ministry, interior ministry and ministry of foreign affairs of Kuwait have been led by members of the House of Sabah.[3] By government protocol, the defense, interior and foreign ministers are deputy prime ministers of Kuwait.

Lineage[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SABAH I,
Sheikh 1716-64
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ABDULLAH I,
Sheikh 1764–1814
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
JABIR I,
Sheikh 1814–59
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SABAH II,
Sheikh 1859–66
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ABDULLAH II,
Sheikh 1866–92
 
MUHAMMAD,
Sheikh 1892–96
 
MUBARAK,
also called
Mubarak The Great
Sheikh 1896–1915
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
JABIR II,
Sheikh 1915–17
 
SALIM,
Sheikh 1917–21
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
AHMAD,
Sheikh 1921–50
 
Humoud
 
ABDULLAH III,
Emir 1950–65
 
SABAH III,
Emir 1965–77
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
JABER III,
Emir 1977–2006
 
SABAH IV,
Emir 2006 – present
 
Nawaf,
Crown Prince
 
Ahmad,
Interior minister
 
SAAD,
Emir 2006
 
Muhammad al-Sabah,
Former Foreign Minister
 
 
 
Nasser,
Former Prime Minister
2006–2011

See also[edit]

Publications[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robert F. Worth (2008). "In Democracy Kuwait Trusts, but Not Much". New York Times. 
  2. ^ [1], Official Documented Biography & Accomplishments of Sheikh Abdullah Jaber Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah (b.1898-d.1996)( featured at "UNESCO Award Ceremony")
  3. ^ "Nine ministers headed Interior Ministry since Kuwaits independence". KUNA. 7 February 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2013.