Al-Shaheed Monument

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Al-Shaheed Monument
Al-Shaheed Monument 2004.jpg
A photo of the monument taken in 2004.
For Iran–Iraq War
Established 1986
Location Baghdad, Iraq
Designed by Ismail Fattah al-Turk
Saman Kamal

Al-Shaheed Monument (Arabic: نصب الشهيد‎), also known as the Martyr's Memorial, is a monument in the Iraqi capital, Baghdad, dedicated to the Iraqi soldiers who died in the Iran-Iraq war. The Monument was opened in 1986, and was designed by the Iraqi architect Saman Kamal and the Iraqi sculptor and artist Ismail Fattah al-Turk. During the 1970s and 1980s, Saddam Hussein's government spent a lot of money on new monuments, which included the al-Shaheed Monument.[1]


The monument consists of a circular platform 190 meters in diameter[1] in the center of an artificial lake. On the platform sits a 40-meter tall[2] split turquoise dome, which resembles the domes of the Abbasid era. The two halves of the split dome are offset, with an eternal flame in the middle. The shells are constructed of a galvanized steel frame with glazed turquoise ceramic tile cladding which was pre-cast in carbon fiber reinforced concrete. The interior is oculant, being that under the Iraqi flag, there is an open hole, or oculus, providing light below. The rest of the site consists of parks, a playground, parking lots, walkways, bridges, and the lake.

The monument is located on the East side of the Tigris river, near the Army Canal which separates Sadr city from the rest of Baghdad. A museum, library, cafeteria, lecture hall and exhibition gallery are located in two levels underneath the domes.

A badge that was worn on the 1st of December of every year, on the Martyr's day. It features the monument with a flower inside of it, and below, is written a quote of Saddam Hussein, "The Martyrs are better than all of us."


Coordinates: 33°20′36″N 44°26′45″E / 33.3433°N 44.4459°E / 33.3433; 44.4459