Al-Tall, Acre

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For other places with the same name, see Al-Tall (disambiguation).
al-Tall
al-Tall is located in Mandatory Palestine
al-Tall
al-Tall
Arabic التلّ
Name meaning The mound[1]
Also spelled al-Tell
Subdistrict Acre
Coordinates 33°00′31.01″N 35°08′18.57″E / 33.0086139°N 35.1384917°E / 33.0086139; 35.1384917Coordinates: 33°00′31.01″N 35°08′18.57″E / 33.0086139°N 35.1384917°E / 33.0086139; 35.1384917
Population 348 (1948)
Area 4,733[2] dunams
Date of depopulation 21 May 1948[3]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces

Al-Tall (Arabic: التلّ‎) was a Palestinian village 14 km northeast of Acre in the British Mandate District of Acre. Depopulated as a result of military assault and capture during the 1947-1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine as part of Operation Operation Ben-Ami by the Carmeli Brigade of the Israel Defense Forces.

History[edit]

The twin villages of Al-Tall and nearby Al-Nahr were both sites of ancient settlements atop the tel of Kabri.[4] Recent excavations indicate habitation back to the eighteenth century BC.[5]

In the Ottoman period, a mill was shown here on Pierre Jacotin´s map from 1799.[6] In 1875 the French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village, which he called Et-Tell. He described it: "Below the village extend fresh and verdant gardens where the water flows and murmurs incessantly in little canals, and where lofty poplars and great nut-trees, which recall Europe, mingle with the trees of Palestine. Near here is a mill, worked by water falling from a higher basin, which acts as a reservoir for a spring as abundant as that of Ras el 'Ain. After leaving the mill, the water forms a stream which fertilises the adjacent orchards. This raised and broad reservoir, whence the water escapes by an opening made for the purpose in the edge of the reservoir, is of modern construction, as is shown by the stones; but its first building must be ancient, because it is difficult to believe that the ancients should have neglected to get all the advantage possible from so important a spring."[7]

In 1881 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described the village as "A stone and adobe village, containing about 200 Moslems, with figs, olive, pomegranate, and mulberry trees and gardens; there are two streams of water at this village."[8] The layout of the village was rectangular. Its houses were built from stone and concrete or from mud.[9]

1948 War and aftermath[edit]

Al-Tall was captured by the Carmeli Brigade during Operation Ben-Ami.

There are no recorded Israeli settlements on the village land.[10]

According to the Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi, the remaining structures on the village land were in 1992: "The site is covered with the rubble of stone houses and is overgrown with wild grass. One stone house still stands but its facade is missing and it is about to crumble. Cactuses and fig trees grow on the southern slopes of the site. There are four identifiable Roman and Byzantine tombs in the cemetery that lies on the northern slopes, a Christ-thorn tree stands in its midst. Recent excavations has uncovered several ancient graves, and the place has been turned into an archaeological site."[10]

In 1993, when A. Petersen visited the place, the only structure he found standing was a cistern, known as Birket al-Mafshukh,[11] located north of the tell. In 1881, it had been described as a "birket of masonry, and a large perennial spring, with a stream flowing from it to the sea; the stream is called Nahr Mefshukh; gives very plentyful supply of water."[12] According the Petersen, the birkat was "rectangular with a semi-circular extension at the west end."[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 55
  2. ^ Palestine Remembered - al-Tall
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xvii, village #80 Also gives cause of depopulation
  4. ^ Stern, E., Lewinson-Gilboa, A., Avriam, J. (1993). The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land 3. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society & Carta, Simon and Schuster. pp. 839–841. ISBN 0-13-276312-5. 
  5. ^ Aaron Kempinsky, 1987: Israel Exploration Journal 37:176. Cited in Khalidi (1992), p. 27-28
  6. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 160
  7. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 31-32, as translated by Conder and Kitchener, 1881, p. 148
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, SWP, 1881, I, p. 148
  9. ^ Makhul, 1977, p 117. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p.32
  10. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p.32
  11. ^ Meaning "Pool of the split (rock &c)", according to Palmer, 1881, p. 41
  12. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881; Birket al-Mafshukh p.158
  13. ^ Petersen, 2001, p. 290

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]