|Name meaning||The mound|
|Date of depopulation||21 May 1948|
|Cause(s) of depopulation||Military assault by Yishuv forces|
Al-Tall (Arabic: التلّ) was a Palestinian village 14 km northeast of Acre in the British Mandate District of Acre. Depopulated as a result of military assault and capture during the 1947-1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine as part of Operation Operation Ben-Ami by the Carmeli Brigade of the Israel Defense Forces.
In the Ottoman period, a mill was shown here on Pierre Jacotin´s map from 1799. In 1875 the French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village, which he called Et-Tell. He described it: "Below the village extend fresh and verdant gardens where the water flows and murmurs incessantly in little canals, and where lofty poplars and great nut-trees, which recall Europe, mingle with the trees of Palestine. Near here is a mill, worked by water falling from a higher basin, which acts as a reservoir for a spring as abundant as that of Ras el 'Ain. After leaving the mill, the water forms a stream which fertilises the adjacent orchards. This raised and broad reservoir, whence the water escapes by an opening made for the purpose in the edge of the reservoir, is of modern construction, as is shown by the stones; but its first building must be ancient, because it is difficult to believe that the ancients should have neglected to get all the advantage possible from so important a spring."
In 1881 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described the village as "A stone and adobe village, containing about 200 Moslems, with figs, olive, pomegranate, and mulberry trees and gardens; there are two streams of water at this village." The layout of the village was rectangular. Its houses were built from stone and concrete or from mud.
1948 War and aftermath
According to the Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi, the remaining structures on the village land were in 1992: "The site is covered with the rubble of stone houses and is overgrown with wild grass. One stone house still stands but its facade is missing and it is about to crumble. Cactuses and fig trees grow on the southern slopes of the site. There are four identifiable Roman and Byzantine tombs in the cemetery that lies on the northern slopes, a Christ-thorn tree stands in its midst. Recent excavations has uncovered several ancient graves, and the place has been turned into an archaeological site."
In 1993, when A. Petersen visited the place, the only structure he found standing was a cistern, known as Birket al-Mafshukh, located north of the tell. In 1881, it had been described as a "birket of masonry, and a large perennial spring, with a stream flowing from it to the sea; the stream is called Nahr Mefshukh; gives very plentyful supply of water." According the Petersen, the birkat was "rectangular with a semi-circular extension at the west end."
- Palmer, 1881, p. 55
- Palestine Remembered - al-Tall
- Morris, 2004, p. xvii, village #80 Also gives cause of depopulation
- Stern, E., Lewinson-Gilboa, A., Avriam, J. (1993). The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land 3. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society & Carta, Simon and Schuster. pp. 839–841. ISBN 0-13-276312-5.
- Aaron Kempinsky, 1987: Israel Exploration Journal 37:176. Cited in Khalidi (1992), p. 27-28
- Karmon, 1960, p. 160
- Guérin, 1880, p. 31-32, as translated by Conder and Kitchener, 1881, p. 148
- Conder and Kitchener, SWP, 1881, I, p. 148
- Makhul, 1977, p 117. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p.32
- Khalidi, 1992, p.32
- Meaning "Pool of the split (rock &c)", according to Palmer, 1881, p. 41
- Conder and Kitchener, 1881; Birket al-Mafshukh p.158
- Petersen, 2001, p. 290
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 1. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Guérin, Victor (1880). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine.. 3: Galilee, pt. 2.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Karmon, Y, (1960), An analysis of Jacotin's map of Palestine, IEJ, 10, pp. 155-173 and 244-253.
- Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Morris, Benny (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Petersen, Andrew (2001). A Gazetteer of Buildings in Muslim Palestine: Volume I (British Academy Monographs in Archaeology). Oxford University Press. p. 290. ISBN 978-0-19-727011-0.
- Welcome to al-Tall
- SWP map III, IAA
- SWP map 3, Wikimedia commons
- Al-Tal, pictures, Dr. Moslih Kanaaneh
- Al-Tall from the Khalil Sakakini Cultural Center