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Al-Tilmiz (Arabic: التلميذ‎, 'The Pupil') was an Arabic language weekly newspaper published from Saint Petersburg, Russia between 1906 and 1907.[1] The first issue was published on July 21, 1906.[1][2][3][4] The publication was directed towards the Caucasian community in the capital of the Russian empire.[5]

Al-Tilmiz was published by Abdurrashid Ibrahimov, a Siberian Tatar Jadidi pan-Islamist and co-founder of Ittifaq al-Muslimin ('Union of Muslims'). Ibrahimov had been educated in Medina. Having returned to Russia in 1904, Ibrahimov was admirer of Jamal ad-Din al-Afghani and an ardent opponent of the Czarist regime, the Muslim conservative establishment and the socialist movement.[3][5] He managed a printing house of his own in the city.[6] Ibrahimov also launched various other publications around the same period, such as the Tatar newspapers Ülfet and Nejat and the Kazakh publication Sirke, taking advantage of the liberalization of press laws in the aftermath of the Russian Revolution of 1905.[3][7][8] The publication dealt with issues related to religion, politics, literature, identity and science.[9] The publication called on the Muslims of Russia to maintain their religion, culture and spiritual values.[10]

At the time Al-Tilmiz was the most important journal for intellectuals from North Caucasus.[5] It was read by people from the Dagesthani, Circassian and other North Caucasian communities.[5] The publication was met with stern reaction from the Russian authorities.[9] Al-Tilmiz was closed down in 1907, after its thirtieth issue had been published.[9][10][11]


  1. ^ a b Gasprinski, İsmail Bey, and Sabri Arıkan. Kendi kaleminden İsmail Bey Gaspıralı: idealleri, işleri, tavsiyeleri ve haberleri. İstanbul: Türk Dünyası Araştırmaları Vakfı, 2006. p. 93
  2. ^ Maraş, İbrahim. Türk dünyasında dinı̂ yenileşme, 1850-1917. Beyoğlu, İstanbul: Ötüken, 2002. p. 87
  3. ^ a b c Bennigsen, Alexandre, and S. Enders Wimbush. Muslim National Communism in the Soviet Union: A Revolutionary Strategy for the Colonial World. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980. p. 198
  4. ^ Bähr, Andreas. Räume des Selbst: Selbstzeugnisforschung transkulturell. Köln: Böhlau, 2007. p. 141
  5. ^ a b c d Wixman, Ronald. Language Aspects of Ethnic Patterns and Processes in the North Caucasus. Chicago: University of Chicago, Dept. of Geography, 1980. p. 116
  6. ^ Butterworth, Charles E., and I. William Zartman. Between the State and Islam. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000. p. 73
  7. ^ Dudoignon, Stéphane A., Hisao Komatsu, and Yasushi Kosugi. Intellectuals in the Modern Islamic World Transmission, Transformation, Communication. London: Routledge, 2006. p. 274
  8. ^ Cahiers du monde russe et soviétique, Vol. 16. Mouton, 1975. p. 269
  9. ^ a b c Türkoğlu, İsmail. Sibiryalı meşhur seyyah Abdürreşid İbrahim. Ankara: Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı, 1997. pp. 112-113
  10. ^ a b Turkiye Diyanet Vakfi Islam Ansiklopedisi ornek fasikul, Vol. 16. Istanbul: Turkiye Diyanet Vakfi, 1988. p. 296
  11. ^ Amirhanov, Ravilʹ. Tatarskaâ dorevolûcionnaâ pressa v kontekste "Vostok - Zapad" (na primere razvitiâ russkoj kulʹtury). Kazanʹ: Tatarskoe knižnoe izdatelʹstvo, 2002. p. 76