|New Center Party
Hizb al-Wasat al-Jadid
|Arabic name||حزب الوسط الجديد|
|President||Abou Elela Mady|
|Slogan||الوطن قبل الوسط
Motherland before Al-wasat
|Headquarters||8 Pearl St., Mokattam, Cairo|
|National affiliation||Anti-Coup Alliance|
|Politics of Egypt
a^ : Legally recognized on 19 February 2011.
It was founded by Abou Elela Mady in 1996 as a splinter group of the Muslim Brotherhood, which Mady accused of having "narrow political horizons." The creation of al-Wasat was criticized by the Brotherhood, which said Mady was trying to split the movement. It was also not well received by the Egyptian government, which brought its founders before a military court on the charge of setting up a party as an Islamist front.
Al-Wasat tried to gain an official license four times between 1996 and 2009, but its application was rejected each time by the political parties committee, which was chaired by a leading member of the ruling National Democratic Party. Political parties formed on the basis of religion have been banned by the Egyptian constitution since an amendment to Article 5 was approved in 2007. The leader of the party ,Abou Elela Mady, as well as deputy head Essam Sultan, have been detained following the 2013 Egyptian coup d'etat.
Al-Wasat was granted official recognition on 19 February 2011 after a court in Cairo approved its establishment. The court's ruling was handed down in the wake of the Egyptian Revolution of 2011, and made al-Wasat the first new party to gain official status after the resignation of President Hosni Mubarak. Its newly acquired official status allowed al-Wasat to compete in the next parliamentary election, and made it the first legal party in Egypt with an Islamic background.
The party asserts that its aim is to promote a tolerant version of Islam with liberal tendencies. Its founder Mady highlights as proof of this openness the fact that two Copts and three women are among the party's 24 top members. According to the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, al-Wasat "seeks to interpret Islamic sharia principles in a manner consistent with the values of a liberal democratic system. Although al-Wasat advocates a political system that is firmly anchored in Islamic law, it also views sharia principles as flexible and wholly compatible with the principles of pluralism and equal citizenship rights." The party's manifesto accepts the right of a Christian to become head of state in a Muslim-majority country. Its founder Mady likens its ideology to that of the Turkish Justice and Development Party (AKP).
- The Cairo Review of Global Affairs, "Egypt Elections: al-Wasat (Center Party)". Retrieved 31 January 2012
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- Egypt Elections – Carnegie Endowment For International Peace, Guide to Egypt's Transition, "Al-Wasat (Center Party)". Retrieved 31 January 2012
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- Norton, Augustus Richard (2005). "Thwarted Politics: The Case of Egypt’s Hizb al-Wasat". In Robert Hefner. Remaking Muslim Politics: Pluralism, Contestation, and Democratization. Princeton University Press. pp. 133–60. Retrieved 20 February 2011.
- Wickham, Carrie Rosefsky (January 2004). "The Path to Moderation: Strategy and Learning in the Formation of Egypt's Wasat Party". Comparative Politics 36 (2): 205–228. JSTOR 4150143.