Al Abbas Mosque
The Al-‘Abbās Mosque or Masjid al-‘Abbās (Arabic: مسجد الامام العباس) is the mausoleum of ‘Abbās ibn ‘Alī, located across from the Imām Husayn Mosque in Karbalā, Iraq. ‘Abbās was the brother of Hasan and Husayn, and was the flag-bearer for Husayn in the Battle of Karbalā. The distance between the shrines of ‘Abbās and Husayn, are the same as the distance between the hills of Al-Safa and Al-Marwah.
Environmental effects over the years have caused the Euphrates river to change direction. Nearly 1400 years after the Battle of Karbalā, the river flows across the grave of ‘Abbās and encircles it. It is said that the Euphrates has come to ‘Abbās now.
History and design
Emperors and kings of various dynasties have offered valuable gifts and gems to the shrine of ‘Abbās. In 1622 Abbas Shah Safavi ordered the decoration of the grave's dome. He built a window around the grave and organized the precinct.
The majority of the modern design was done by Persian and Central Asian architects. The central pear shaped dome is an ornately decorated structure with two tall minarets on its sides. The tomb is covered with pure gold and surrounded by a trellis of silver, along with Iranian carpets rolled out on the floors. During 2008 construction work continued with the aims of creating partially gilded minarets.
|61||680||October 10: ‘Abbās was said to have been buried at the location on this day|
|1032||1622||Abbas Shah Safavi decorated the dome of the shrine, built glass encasings around the grave, arranged the porticoes and the yard, constructed the lobby of the first gate of the sanctuary, and sent precious carpets from Iran.|
|1115||1703||Nadir Shah sent gifts to the shrine and had it further decorated.|
|1117||1705||The vizier of Nadir Shah visited the shrine, reconstructed the porticoes, remade the encasings around the grave, and added a chandelier.|
|1216||1801||Wahhabis attacked Karbalā, damaged the shrine, and robbed all precious decorative items.|
|1232||1817||Fat'h ‘Alī Shāh Qājār reconstructed the dome of the shrine, gifted new chandeliers and lustrous pieces of decoration to the holy shrines, and had other constructions carried out.|
|1355||1936||The custodian of the shrine, Sayyid Murtadhā, rebuilt the silver gate in the golden hallway leading towards the room of the tomb.|
|1411||1991||March: A violent uprising against the regime of Saddam Hussein occurred in the city, following the Persian Gulf War.|
|1415||1994||Repairs to the shrine from the damage done in 1991 were finally completed.|
|1425||2004||March 2: At least 6 explosions occurred during the ‘Āshūrā' commemorations, killing 85 people and wounding 230.|
|1426||2006||January 5: Suicide bombers among the crowd between the two shrines killed at least 60 people and injured more than 100.|
|1428||2007||April 28: A suicide car bomber killed at least 58 people and wounded 170 others as people were heading towards evening prayers.|
|1429||2008||September 11: A bomb was detonated 500m from the shrine which killed one civilian, wounded 3 others, and damaged buildings in the area.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Al-Abbas Mosque.|
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