Al Bin Ali

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Al Bin Ali (Arabic: آل بن علي, or Albinali البنعلي) is a Sunni Arab sub-tribal confederation based in the Arab states of the Persian Gulf especially in Bahrain, Qatar, Kuwait, UAE, and the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.

The vast majority of members of the Al Bin Ali clan stem from either the Bani Sulaim or Al-Ma'adeed tribes. A small portion of them, however, belong to the Anizzah tribe.

Albinali tribe are merchants who had fleet of ships. Their main business is pearls in the Persian Gulf. They had a strong positive economic effect on Persian Gulf nations such as Bahrain and Qatar. Many textbooks and poems were written about Albinali Tribe. Their castles and ships are historical landmarks.

Battles[edit]

Invasion of Oman (1697)[edit]

The Shia Safavids hired Al Bin Ali militias to assist them in invading Oman in 1697 however were defeated as they were already engaged in another war with the Ottomans for the control of Basra.[1]

1717 Omani invasion of Bahrain[edit]

The sultan of Oman at the time hired Al Bin Ali militias to assist him in invading Bahrain in 1717.[2]

1837 invasion of Kenya[edit]

On 5 March 1837, the Al Bin Ali under the command of their leader Isa bin Tarif attacked Mombasa at the request of Sultan of Oman, repeatedly bombarding Fort Jesus for a week until the Kenyans surrendered on the 12th of March. A day later, they handed the area to Oman.[3]

After the invasion, Sheikh Isa was rewarded with gifts from the sultan, in addition to receiving the income of the Omani-governed fort city of Gwadar, Pakistan.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Persian Gulf: A Political and Economic History of Five Port Cities 1500-1730, William Floor, p295
  2. ^ ^ محمد خليل المرعشي , مجمع التواريخ , تحقيق عباس اقبال, طهران , 1328هـ - 1949م , ص 37-39
  3. ^ ^ R/15/1/75 British Bushire Archives, Agent at Muscat to Political Resident in Bushire, 27 March 1837
  4. ^ ^ R/15/1/75 British Bushire Archives, Agent at Muscat to Political Resident in Bushire, 29 May 1837