U.S. Marines patrolling the streets of Al-Faw in October 2003.
South-East Iraq with Al-Faw in the lower right corner of the map
Al-Faw Peninsula, Iraq
|Governorate muhafazah (Arabic: محافظة)||Al-Basrah (Arabic: البصرة)|
|District (Arabic: قضاء qaḍāʾ, Qadaa)||Al-Faw District|
|Time zone||GMT +3 (UTC+3)|
Al-Faw (Arabic: الفاو; sometimes transliterated as Fao) is a small port on the Al Faw Peninsula in Iraq near the Shatt al-Arab and the Persian Gulf. The Al Faw Peninsula itself is part of the Basrah Governorate.
The town, as well as the whole Al-Faw Peninsula, has been the scene of armed conflict during the World War I, the Iran–Iraq War, the Persian Gulf War, and the Iraq War due to its strategic position at the entrance of the Shatt al-Arab.
The city was extensively damaged during the Iraq-Iran war, but in 1989 it was rebuilt in four months to a completely new city plan.
- Barakat, S. Analysis on Findings from the Post-War Reconstruction Campaigns at Basrah and Fao, Irak. ICOMOS Scientific Journal, 3, 1994, 102-112