Al Jahra

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Al Jahra
جهراء
Al Jahra is located in Al- Andalus
Al Jahra
Al Jahra
Coordinates: 29°21′N 47°41′E / 29.350°N 47.683°E / 29.350; 47.683
Country Kuwait
Governorate Al Jahra Governorate
Districts Al Jahra District
Population (2014)
 • Total 393,432
Time zone AST (UTC+3)

Al Jahra (Arabic: جهراء‎) is a city located 32 kilometres (20 mi) west of Kuwait City in Kuwait . Al Jahra is the capital of the Al Jahra Governorate of Kuwait as well as the surrounding Al Jahra District which is agriculturally based. Encyclopædia Britannica recorded the population in 1980 as 67,311.[1]

History[edit]

Al Jahra oasis

Al Jahra was once dominated by agricultural land and began as a small oasis village.[2] Historically it became known as a notable trading point for camels and a stopping place on the way to Kuwait City. It gradually grew into a town along the historic Kuwait Red Fort.[3] Al Jahra was the site of the Battle of Jahra in 1920, a conflict between Kuwaiti and Saudi forces. Today, there is a national monument commemorating the battle. The conflict was settled in 1922 when King Abdul Aziz al-Saud recognized the independence of Kuwait in exchange for territory.

Gulf War[edit]

Main article: Highway of Death

During the Gulf War, the outskirts of Al Jahra was also the site of an infamous shootout with the Allied destruction of a stalled Iraqi convoy as it retreated up Mutla Ridge on Highway 80 between February 25 and 26, 1991. The US Army received orders by General Norman Schwarzkopf, Jr. to not let anybody in or out of Kuwait City and to effectively blockade the retreating Iraqi convoys within a 100-mile radius. He ordered the dispatching of Apache helicopters armed with anti-tank missiles to block the Iraqis.[4] Schwarzkopf commented in 1995 on the military action:[5]

Fires[edit]

A number of damaging fires have been known to have occurred in recent times in Al Jahra. On 25 August 2007, politician Massouma al-Mubarak was forced to resign from her post as health minister following a fire in a hospital which killed two patients.[6]

Then on August 15, 2009 a fire broke out at a wedding in Al Jahra. At least 49 people were killed and about 80 others wounded when the grooms' 23-year-old first wife, sought revenge for her husband's second marriage, poured petrol on a tent where women and children were celebrating and set it on fire. Within three minutes the whole tent, which had only one exit and did not meet fire safety regulations, was engulfed in flames, trapping many inside. It was the deadliest civilian disaster in Kuwait in the last 40 years.[7][8]

Transport[edit]

Al Jahra is located 32 kilometres (20 mi) north-west of Kuwait City and is connected by a series of ring roads. Highway 80 connects the city to Abdaly on the Iraqi border. The highway has become known as "The Highway of Death" due to its involvement in the Gulf War when the Allied troops destroyed an Iraqi convoy. The road was repaired during the late 1990s, and was used in the initial stages of the 2003 invasion of Iraq by U.S. and British forces. Today there is a blue sign at the Multa'a Ranch turnoff reading, "God Bless U.S. Troops". The surrounding area is desert but tents are often seen located along the highway. The nearest airport is at Kuwait International Airport.

Sport[edit]

Al Jahra camel market, 1961

The main football team is Al Jahra (football club). They play at the 25,000 capacity Al Shabab Mubarak Alaiar Stadium. They won the Kuwaiti Premier League once, in 1990. They participated in the Kuwaiti Premier League 21 times during the 2007-2008 season. Al Jahra have reached the Kuwait Emir Cup Final twice in 1996 and 2002, when they lost to Al Arabi 1-2 and Kuwait Club 0-1 respectively.[9][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jahra, al-." Encyclopædia Britannica from Encyclopædia Britannica 2007 Ultimate Reference Suite.
  2. ^ Beaumont, Peter; Mclachlan, Keith Stanley (1985). Agricultural development in the Middle East. Wiley. p. 285. ISBN 978-0-471-90762-6. 
  3. ^ Richard, Harold; Dickson, Patrick (1956). "Kuwait and her neighbours". Allen & Unwin, University of Michigan. p. 253. 
  4. ^ Hiro, Dilip (2003). Desert Shield to Desert Storm: The Second Gulf War. Publisher iUniverse. pp. 387–389. ISBN 978-0-595-26904-4. 
  5. ^ Giordono, Joseph (February 23, 2003). "U.S. troops revisit scene of deadly Gulf War barrage". Stars and Stripes. Retrieved September 14, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Kuwait health minister resigns after hospital fire". Reuters. 2007-08-25. 
  7. ^ Ex-wife admits Kuwait wedding arson, Al Jazeera (August 17, 2009)
  8. ^ Kuwait wedding fire death toll rises to 49 - official, Arabian Business (September 10, 2009). Accessed 2009-09-10. Archived 2009-09-12.
  9. ^ "Kuwait Emir Cup 1995/1996". Goalzz.com. Retrieved September 14, 2009. 
  10. ^ "Kuwait Emir Cup 2001/2002". Goalzz.com. Retrieved September 14, 2009. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°21′N 47°41′E / 29.350°N 47.683°E / 29.350; 47.683