Alabama's 5th congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 34°46′39.78″N 86°46′51.62″W / 34.7777167°N 86.7810056°W / 34.7777167; -86.7810056

Alabama's 5th congressional district
Current Representative Mo Brooks (RHuntsville)
Area 4,689 mi²
Distribution 59.4% urban, 40.6% rural
Population (2010) 696,690
Median income $38,054
Ethnicity 77.7% White, 16.9% Black, 1% Asian, 2% Hispanic, 0.9% Native American, 1.5% other
Occupation 29.6% blue collar, 57.1% white collar, 13.3% gray collar
Cook PVI R+17[1]

Alabama's 5th congressional district is a U.S. congressional district in Alabama, which elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives. It encompasses the counties of Colbert, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison and Jackson. It also includes parts of Morgan County.

It is currently represented by Republican Mo Brooks, a former Madison County Commissioner. Brooks was elected in 2010 after defeating Democrat-turned-Republican incumbent Parker Griffith in the 2010 Republican primary. Brooks later went on to defeat Democrat Steve Raby in the November general election.

The district from 2003 to 2013

Character[edit]

Two major economic projects have lastingly impacted the 5th District and have indelibly dictated the politics of North Alabama for most of the 20th Century. Before 1933, the Northern Alabama counties were characteristically poor, white and rural. The Tennessee Valley Authority's (TVA) arrival changed much of that, slowly transforming the demographic towards technical and engineering employees. The second major project was the space and rocketry programs including Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville where the first large U.S. Ballistic missiles were developed. Additionally, NASA built the Marshall Space Flight Center in the Huntsville-Decatur area during the 1960s. In the late 1950s Northern Alabama came to be dominated by the high-tech and engineering industries, a trend which has continued up to the present. In recent years, the United Launch Alliance has located its research center in Decatur. As a result, Huntsville has become the second largest and fastest growing metropolitan area in Alabama.

For a time, the district bucked the increasing Republican trend in Alabama. It was the only district in the state that supported Walter Mondale in 1984, but hasn't supported a Democrat for president since then. Democrats continue to hold most offices at the local level, and continued to hold most of the district's seats in the Alabama state legislature until the Republicans swept nearly all of north Alabama's seats in 2010. In the mid-1990s, it was a seriously contested seat, with longtime Democratic incumbent Bud Cramer winning reelection by only 1,770 votes in 1994. However, Cramer was elected five more times with 70 percent or more of the vote and even ran unopposed in the Democratic landslide year of 2006. Cramer did not seek reelection in 2008. Parker Griffith, a retired oncologist and State Senator, won the open seat in November 2008. However, in December 2009, Griffith became a Republican. Until Griffith's switch, the district had been one of the last in the former Confederacy to have not been held by a Republican to the U.S. Congress since Reconstruction. Griffith was ousted in the Republican primary by current Representative Mo Brooks.

George W. Bush won 60% of the vote in this district in 2004. John McCain also carried the 5th District in 2008 with 60.91% of the vote while Barack Obama received 37.99%.

Recent election results from statewide races[edit]

Year Office Results
2000 President Bush 54 - 44%
2004 President Bush 60 - 39%
2008 President McCain 61 - 38%
2012 President Romney 64 - 35%

List of representatives[edit]

A graphical representation of party control of the district
(1833-2006)
Congress Representative Party Years Electoral history
March 4, 1833 District created
23rd John murphy.jpg John Murphy Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
24th Francis Strother Lyon.jpg Francis Strother Lyon Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
25th Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
26th James Dellet.jpg James Dellet Whig March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
27th March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
District inactive, all representatives elected At-large on a general ticket
28th
30th
George S. Houston - Brady-Handy.jpg George S. Houston Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 4, 1849
Redistricted from the At-large district
31st No image.svg David Hubbard Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
32nd
36th
George S. Houston - Brady-Handy.jpg George S. Houston Democratic March 4, 1851 –
January 21, 1861
Withdrew
37th
39th
(1861–1868) Civil War and Reconstruction
40th John Benton Callis.jpg John Benton Callis Republican July 21, 1868 –
March 3, 1869
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
41st
42nd
No image.svg Peter Myndert Dox Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1873
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
43rd
44th
No image.svg John Henry Caldwell Democratic March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1877
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
45th No image.svg Robert Fulwood Ligon Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
46th
48th
No image.svg Thomas Williams Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1885
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
49th No image.svg Thomas William Sadler Democratic March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1887
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
50th
54th
No image.svg James E. Cobb Democratic March 4, 1887 –
April 21, 1896
Lost contested election
54th No image.svg Albert Taylor Goodwyn Populist April 21, 1896 –
March 3, 1897
Won contested election
55th
56th
No image.svg Willis Brewer Democratic March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
57th
58th
Charles Winston Thompson.jpg Charles Winston Thompson Democratic March 4, 1901 –
March 20, 1904
Died
58th
66th
Cottontom.jpg J. Thomas Heflin Democratic May 19, 1904 –
November 1, 1920
Resigned to fill US Senate seat
66th
70th
No image.svg William B. Bowling Democratic December 14, 1920 –
August 16, 1928
Resigned after being appointed judge for 5th Alabama Circuit
70th
71st
No image.svg LaFayette L. Patterson Democratic Nobvember 6, 1928 –
March 3, 1933
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
73rd No image.svg Miles C. Allgood Democratic March 3, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
74th
78th
No image.svg Joe Starnes Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1945
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
79th
87th
No image.svg Albert Rains Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1963
Redistricted to the At-large district
88th January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
District inactive, all representatives elected At-large on a general ticket
89th
91st
No image.svg Armistead I. Selden, Jr. Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1969
Redistricted from the At-large district
92nd Walter Flowers.jpg Walter Flowers Democratic January 3, 1969 –
January 3, 1973
Redistricted to the 7th district
93rd
94th
No image.svg Robert E. Jones, Jr. Democratic January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1977
Redistricted from the 8th district
95th
101st
Ronnie Flippo.png Ronnie G. Flippo Democratic January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1991
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
102nd
110th
Robert Cramer.jpg Bud Cramer Democratic January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 2009
Decided not to seek another term
111th Rep. Parker Griffith.jpg Parker Griffith Democratic January 3, 2009 –
December 22, 2009
Switched parties
Republican December 22, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
Lost primary
112th
113th
Mo Brooks, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Mo Brooks Republican January 3, 2011 –
Present

Recent election results[edit]

2004[edit]

Party Candidate Votes  %
  Democratic Party Robert E. Cramer 200,999 73.1
  Republican Party Gerry Wallace 74,145 26.9

2006[edit]

Party Candidate Votes  %
  Democratic Party Robert E. Cramer unopposed 100

2008[edit]

Party Candidate Votes  %
  Democratic Party Parker Griffith* 156,529 52
  Republican Party Wayne Parker 147,190 48

*Griffith switched party affiliation on December 22, 2009, and finished his term as a Republican.

2010[edit]

Party Candidate Votes  %
  Republican Party Mo Brooks 130,927 57.9
  Democratic Party Steve Raby 95,078 42.1

2012[edit]

Party Candidate Votes  %
  Republican Party Mo Brooks 188,833 65
  Democratic Party Charlie Holley 101,504 35

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008". The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-10.