Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas

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Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas
Alabama-Coushatta Rez.jpg
Sign at the Alabama-Coushatta Reservation east of Livingston, Texas
Total population
1,000[1]
Regions with significant populations
 United States ( Texas)
Languages
English, Alabama, Koasati
Religion
traditional tribal religion, Protestant Christianity[2]
Related ethnic groups
other Alabama and Koasati people

The Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas is a federally recognized tribe of Alabama and Koasati in Polk County, Texas. The tribe hosts an annual powwow in early June. These peoples were part of the historic Muscogee or Creek Confederacy of numerous tribes in the Southeast United States. They are one of six federally recognized tribes whose members are descended from the Creek Confederacy.

Reservation[edit]

The Alabama-Coushatta Indian Reservation was established in 1854,[3] after the Alabama and Coushatta peoples were removed from their traditional lands east of the Mississippi River in the areas of Alabama. It is 4,593.7 acres large and is located 17 miles east of Livingston, Texas. About half the tribe, or 500 people, live on the reservation.[1]

Language[edit]

Both the Alabama and Koasati languages are Muskogean languages. They are mutually understandable.[1]

Government[edit]

The Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas is headquartered in Livingston, Texas. The tribe is governed by a democratically elected seven-member council, as well as a principal chief and second chief who serve for life. The current administration is as follows:

  • Principal Chief: Oscola Clayton Sylestine
  • Second Chief: Colabe Clem Sylestine
  • Chairman: Kyle Williams
  • Vice-Chairman: Clint Poncho
  • Treasurer: Pete Polite
  • Secretary: Melanie Battise
  • Council: Nita Battise
  • Council: Ronnie Poncho
  • Council: Roland Thomas.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Alabama-Coushatta Indians." Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
  2. ^ Pritzker 363–4
  3. ^ Pritzker 364
  4. ^ "Tribal Leadership." Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas. Retrieved 26 May 2013.

References[edit]

  • Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]