The Alabama State Hornets are A&M's arch-rival as the teams play annually in the Magic City Classic on the last Saturday in October at Historic Legion Field. A&M and State first played each other in 1936, though the annual classic series began in 1940 in Birmingham, which is roughly halfway between the two campuses. The two competed from 1947-1975 in Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference. The rivalry has intensified since A&M joined State in the Southwestern Athletic Conference in 1999, with the two teams regularly in contention for the Eastern Division Crown. The all-time series is currently tied 37-37-3 with A&M having won the last 11 of the last 14 contests.
The Bulldogs other in-state rivalry is with Tuskegee Golden Tigers. The Bulldogs and Tigers began their series with in 1932 and would not meet on the girdiron for another 20 years. They played annually from 1963-1999 including 35 years as conference rivals in the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference. The series was discontinued when A&M moved up to Division I (FCS) and joined the SWAC. A&M and Tuskegee resumed a two game set from 2008-2009, the latter as an installation of the Circle City Classic in Indianapolis. The two teams are currently in the midst of a four game series through 2014. A&M leads the all-time series 26-19-3, having won the last 3 in a row.
A&M and the Tennessee State Tigers have a rivalry dating back to the 1930s. After a 30 year hiatus, the two teams resumed play in the 1970s. TSU dominated the series well into the 1980s, winning the first 15 contests. A&M scored its first win, a 7-6 victory in 1986, followed by another 24-6 win in 1987. A&M and TSU met annually for a decade beginning in 2001, usually on Labor Day Weekend in the John Merritt Classic at Nashville's LP Field. Since their last contest in 2010, TSU holds a 21-8 series lead, with A&M winning 6 of the last 9 meetings.
Additionally, the Bulldogs has developed new rivals upon their entrance to the SWAC in 1999. A&M's has a budding rivalry with the Jackson State Tigers, who long with Alabama State and A&M are the only schools to represent the Eastern Division in the SWAC Championship Game. JSU leads the all-time series 15-8, with the teams splitting the last 10 games. A&M primary interdivisional rival is the Grambling State Tigers. Grambling (7) and A&M (6) lead the league in title game appearances and have squared off against each other in the SWAC Championship Game a record 4 times. Grambling currently holds a 17-6 series edge, with A&M winning 2 of the last 3 games played.
A&M has won a total of 13 conference championships in football with their most recent title coming in a win over Arkansas-Pine Bluff in the 2006 SWAC Championship Game. AAMU has 12 previous conference crowns as a member of the Division II Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference (SIAC) from 1947-1997.