Alabama Crimson Tide football
|Alabama Crimson Tide football|
|Athletic director||Bill Battle|
|Head coach||Nick Saban
7th year, 79–14 (.849)
|Home stadium||Bryant–Denny Stadium|
|Stadium surface||Natural grass|
|Division||SEC Western Division
|All-time record||836–322–43 (.714)|
|Postseason bowl record||35[b]–22–3|
|Claimed national titles||15|
|Unclaimed national titles||4|
|Conference titles||27 (23 SEC)|
Crimson and White
|Fight song||Yea Alabama|
|Mascot||Elephant (Big Al)|
|Marching band||Million Dollar Band|
The Alabama Crimson Tide football team represents the University of Alabama (variously Alabama, UA, or 'Bama) in the sport of American football. The Crimson Tide competes in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of the National Collegiate Athletics Association (NCAA) and the Western Division of the Southeastern Conference (SEC). The Crimson Tide is among the most storied and decorated programs in NCAA history. Since beginning play in 1892, the program recognizes 15 of the national championships awarded to the team, including 10 wire-service (AP or Coaches) national titles in the poll-era, the most of any current FBS program. From 1958 to 1982, the team was led by Hall of Fame coach Paul "Bear" Bryant, who won six national championships with the program. Despite numerous national and conference championships, it was not until 2009 that an Alabama player received a Heisman Trophy, when running back Mark Ingram became the university's first winner.
As of the completion of the 2012 season, Alabama has 827 official victories[a][b] in NCAA Division I (an additional 21 victories were vacated and 8 victories and 1 tie were forfeited), has won 27 conference championships (4 Southern Conference and 23 SEC championships) and has made an NCAA-record 60 postseason bowl appearances. Other NCAA records include 23 10-game+ win streaks, and 19 seasons with a 10–0 start. The program has 33 10–win seasons (32, one vacated), and has 35[b] bowl victories, both NCAA records. Alabama has completed 10 undefeated seasons, 9 of which were perfect seasons. The Crimson Tide leads the SEC West Division with eight division titles and eight appearances in the SEC Championship Game. Alabama holds a winning record against every current and former SEC school, except for SEC newcomer Missouri (2-2). The Associated Press (AP) ranks Alabama 4th in all-time final AP Poll appearances, with 50 through the 2012 season.
Alabama currently plays their home games at Bryant–Denny Stadium, located on the campus in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. With a capacity of 101,821, Bryant-Denny is the 7th largest non-racing stadium in the world and the fifth largest stadium in the United States, behind only Michigan Stadium, Beaver Stadium (Penn State), Neyland Stadium (Tennessee), and Ohio Stadium.
- 1 History
- 2 Championships
- 3 Individual accomplishments
- 4 Rivalries
- 5 All-time record vs. current SEC teams
- 6 Bowl games
- 7 Alabama and the NFL
- 8 Current coaching staff
- 9 Controversies
- 10 Media
- 11 Future non-conference opponents
- 12 See also
- 13 Notes
- 14 References
- 15 Further reading
- 16 External links
Head coaching history
Alabama has had 28 head coaches since organized football began in 1892. Adopting the nickname of the Crimson Tide after the 1907 season, the team has played more than 1,100 games in their 114 seasons. In that time, 12 coaches have led the Crimson Tide in postseason bowl games: Wallace Wade, Frank Thomas, Harold D. "Red" Drew, Bear Bryant, Ray Perkins, Bill Curry, Gene Stallings, Mike DuBose, Dennis Franchione, Mike Shula, Joe Kines, and Nick Saban. Eight of those coaches also won conference championships: Wade, Thomas, Drew, Bryant, Curry, Stallings, DuBose, and Saban. During their tenures, Wade, Thomas, Bryant, Stallings, and Saban all won national championships with the Crimson Tide.
Of the 27 different head coaches who have led the Crimson Tide, Wade, Thomas, Bryant, and Stallings have been inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame. The current head coach is Nick Saban, who was hired in January 2007.
Early history (1892–1921)
University of Alabama law student William G. Little learned how to play American football while attending prep school in Andover, Massachusetts and began teaching the sport to fellow Alabama students in early 1892. Later in the year, the school formed an official team of 19 players, with Little as captain and E. B. Beaumont as head coach. Among those also on the team were William B. Bankhead, future U.S. Speaker of the House, and Bibb Graves, future governor of Alabama. The team was referred to as the "Cadets", the "Crimson White", or simply as "the varsity".
On November 11, 1892, the team played its first game at a baseball park in Birmingham, Alabama, winning 56–0 against a team composed of players from local Birmingham-area high schools. The team played only one game during the 1897 season and did not field a team for the 1898 season because of a ban restricting student athletes from traveling away from campus. The team resumed play in 1899 after the ban was lifted due to fan and student outcry. Following the 1907 season, the team adopted the "Crimson Tide" nickname. The school did not field a team in 1918 because of World War I, but resumed play once again in 1919.
Alabama's first All-American was Bully Van de Graaff in 1915.
Rise to prominence (1922–1957)
Alabama joined the newly formed Southern Conference in 1922. Shortly after the end of the 1922 season in which he led Alabama to an upset victory over Penn, head coach Xen C. Scott died of cancer, and Brown University alum Wallace Wade was hired as the new head coach. In 1925 Wade would lead the team to an undefeated season capped with a Rose Bowl win over Washington, which resulted in the team's first national championship and later became known as "the game that changed the South."[dead link] Intent on building a dynasty athletics director George Denny took advantage of the team's newfound popularity and began advertising the University of Alabama in metropolitan New York City newspapers. Students, football players and fans alike from the Northeast began enrolling at Alabama at such a rate that by 1930, over one-third of the student body was from out-of-state. Wade led the Crimson Tide to two more national titles before taking the head coaching position at Duke in 1931. Wade finished his career at Alabama with an overall record of 61-13-3.
Frank Thomas, a former quarterback for a Notre Dame squad led by Knute Rockne, was hired to replace Wade. Thomas led the team to continued success. Alabama would join the Southeastern Conference in 1933, winning the conference's first championship. Thomas would lead Alabama to two more national championships before health issues forced him to retire after a 14-year tenure as head coach of the program, which did not field a team in 1943 because of World War II. Thomas led Alabama to a 115–24–7 overall record. Among the players that Thomas coached were Harry Gilmer, Don Hutson, and Paul "Bear" Bryant.
Harold "Red" Drew followed Thomas as head coach and led the team to a 54–28–7 record over the next eight seasons, though never winning a national championship.
Alabama had grown into a major football power and enjoyed consistent success over the past three decades, but Drew's successor, J.B. "Ears" Whitworth, would led the Crimson Tide to its worst three-year stretch in school history, posting a 4–24–2 record before being fired following the 1957 season.
Paul "Bear" Bryant era (1958–1982)
Paul William "Bear" Bryant came to the Crimson Tide program in December 1957, after leaving his head coaching position at Texas A&M. On December 8, five days after leaving A&M, Bryant was asked why he left for Alabama. Bryant replied, "Mama called, and when Mama calls, then you just have to come running." Bryant entered an Alabama program which had not had a winning record in four seasons. However, in his first season, Bryant led Alabama to a 5–4–1 record—one more win than Alabama had in the previous three seasons. In his fourth season, Bryant led the Crimson Tide to their sixth national championship which included Bryant's first bowl victory with Alabama. Between 1961 to 1966, Alabama went 60–5–1, which included three national championships (1961, 1964, 1965), four Southeastern Conference Championships, two undefeated seasons, and six bowl berths.
Throughout the 1970s, the Crimson Tide was one of the most dominant teams in college football. During the decade the program posted a record of 103-16-1, winning eight SEC titles and three national championships (1973, 1978, 1979). The very first game of the decade was notable, as the team was thoroughly defeated by the USC Trojans in Birmingham 42–21. This is the game that is generally credited as the catalyst to end segregation in college football. The following season, John Mitchell, an African-American transfer from Eastern Arizona Junior College, played in the rematch, a game that Alabama won 17–10 at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. In that game, Mitchell became the first black player to start for the Tide. Alabama was among the last schools in college football to integrate African-American players.
Bryant was not only loved by the people in and around the state of Alabama and the southeastern U.S., but by coaches all over the nation. John McKay, the legendary USC coach, had these words to say about Bryant. "He was not just a coach, he was the coach". Another quote about Bryant, from Bob Devaney, former Nebraska Cornhuskers head coach, is "He was simply the best there ever was." Bryant's final game as head coach of Alabama came in the 1982 Liberty Bowl. Bryant's retirement made the Liberty Bowl one of the most covered games that season as many news stations and newspapers sent reporters to cover the game. Alabama earned a 21–15 victory over Illinois.
During his tenure at Alabama, Bryant led Alabama to a 232–46–9 record. His achievements included 6 national championships, 13 Southeastern Conference titles, 24 bowl appearances, and 12 bowl victories. In his 25 seasons, he led the Crimson Tide to 24 consecutive bowl appearances. At the time of his retirement, Bryant had recorded an NCAA record 323 wins.
Bryant once said if he retired that he would "probably croak in a week" and said, "I imagine I'd go straight to the graveyard." Four weeks after coaching his final game, Bear Bryant died of a heart attack on January 26, 1983.
Perkins-Curry era (1983–1989)
Former New York Giants head coach Ray Perkins replaced Bryant, under whom he played in the early 1960s. In his first season head coach, Alabama finished the regular season at 7–4, just as it had done in the previous year. In the Sun Bowl, Alabama upset the #5-ranked SMU Mustangs 28–7. His second season was far less successful, as Alabama endured their first losing season in 28 years with a 5–6 record, failing to qualify for a bowl game. In 1985, the team fared much better than the previous season, finishing with a 9–2–1 record. Following a dramatic victory over Auburn, the Tide went on to defeat Southern California in the Aloha Bowl. The 1986 season, Alabama went 10–3 as they defeated Notre Dame for the first time in school history, and ended a losing streak versus rival Tennessee. In the season finale in the Sun Bowl, Alabama won 28–6 over the Washington Huskies. Perkins accumulated a 32–15–1 record during his tenure before deciding to leave for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers.
Perkins was succeeded by his former Baltimore Colts teammate and Georgia Tech head coach Bill Curry. Curry led the Tide to three winning seasons, including three straight victories over Joe Paterno and Penn State and a 10–0 start to the 1989 season leading to a share of the SEC title. Curry accumulated a record of 26–10 over three seasons at Alabama. However, tensions within the athletic department and three straight losses against arch-rival Auburn led Curry to resign so that he could go on to become head coach for Kentucky. Curry later was the head coach of the Georgia State Panthers.
Gene Stallings era (1990–1996)
Alabama once again sought someone with ties to Bryant by hiring Gene Stallings, who had been recently fired as head coach of the Phoenix Cardinals. Stallings had been a member of the Junction Boys, a group of players who trained under Bryant during his tenure at Texas A&M. As Head Coach of Texas A&M, Stallings had led the Aggies to a 20-16 victory over "Bear" Bryant's 1967 team in the 1968 Cotton Bowl, after which Bear Bryant carried him off the field to celebrate the victory of his former player. In his first season, the Tide lost their first three games, but rebounded to finish off the season with a 7–5 record which included a berth in the Fiesta Bowl and a defeat to Louisville in a 34–7 rout. The following season proved to be much more successful as Alabama finished with an 11–1 record. After a 35–0 blowout loss to the Florida Gators, the team finished off the regular season with nine consecutive victories, before defeating Colorado 30–25 in the Blockbuster Bowl.
In just his third season as head coach, Alabama was unbeaten in the regular season, and recorded three shutout victories en route to the inaugural SEC Championship Game. Alabama was able to avoid an upset with a late interception by Antonio Langham, who returned it for a touchdown to secure a 28–21 victory over the Florida Gators. With the win, Alabama was invited to the 1993 Sugar Bowl to face the unbeaten Miami Hurricanes, who entered with a 29-game winning streak and that year's Heisman Trophy winner, quarterback Gino Torretta. Despite Miami being favored by 8 points, the Crimson Tide's defense proved to be too much as the Tide routed the Hurricanes 34–13 and finished a perfect 13–0, allowing them to claim their 12th national championship—the first since the Bryant era.
The Crimson Tide were forced to forfeit eight victories and one tie achieved during the 9–3–1 1993 season in games participated in by senior cornerback Antonio Langham. The NCAA discovered before Alabama's bowl game that year that Langham had violated NCAA rules by signing with an agent after the previous season. Alabama was in contention for another national title in 1994 before losing the SEC Championship Game to Florida, finishing 12–1 after defeating Ohio State in the Citrus Bowl. Though going 8–3 in 1995, Alabama was not allowed to play in a bowl game, due to a probationary stipulation resulting from the Langham incident. Stallings led the team to a 10–3 record and a victory over Michigan in the Outback Bowl during the 1996 season before retiring. Stallings finished his tenure at Alabama with an impressive 70–16–1 on the field record.
DuBose-Franchione-Shula era (1997–2006)
Following Gene Stallings's retirement in 1996, defensive coordinator Mike DuBose was promoted to the head coaching position. In his third season, DuBose lead Alabama to the SEC Championship. With the success, Alabama began their 2000 season as high as No. 3 in some polls. The expectations went unfulfilled as the Tide slumped to a 3–8 record. Following the season, DuBose was replaced by an up-and-coming coach from TCU, Dennis Franchione.
Franchione led Alabama to two winning seasons in 2001 and 2002, with a combined 17–8 record. Late in the 2002 season, rumors began to surface about Franchione expressing desire to leave Alabama for other coaching jobs, including Big 12 schools Kansas and Texas A&M. On December 5, 2002, Franchione was formally introduced as the head coach at Texas A&M.
On December 18, 2002, Alabama announced that Washington State head coach Mike Price would be the next coach for the Crimson Tide program. However, in May 2003, Price was removed from his position as the head coach, following a scandal. Less than a week later, Alabama hired Mike Shula, a former Alabama quarterback and then-quarterbacks coach for the Miami Dolphins. Alabama had reportedly been searching mainly for former Alabama players, including considering Sylvester Croom.
With the difficult offseason, the Shula-led Crimson Tide finished 4–9 in 2003. Bama's 2004 team finished the regular season with a 6–6 record and made their first bowl appearance in three seasons. It was also the first season the team began playing all their home games exclusively at Bryant-Denny Stadium. In previous years, the Tide had played many of their biggest home games at Legion Field in Birmingham. During the offseason, Alabama once again was able to gain a "full" recruiting class, following a probation by the NCAA which occurred in 2001 resulting from recruiting violations that occurred during Dubose's tenure. In Shula's third season, Alabama rolled to a 10–2 record, ending with a 13–10 victory in the 2006 Cotton Bowl. However, the following season, Alabama struggled to find consistency. The team ended with a 6–7 overall record, losing every road game of the season. Shula was terminated as head coach of the program, having been the only head coach at Alabama to lose four consecutive games to Auburn. Shula finished his tenure at Alabama with a 26-23 record, however the Tide was later forced to vacate the ten wins from 2005 and six wins from 2006 due to NCAA violation from improper use of textbooks.
Nick Saban era (2007–present)
On January 3, 2007, Nick Saban left the NFL's Miami Dolphins and accepted an offer worth US$32 million guaranteed for eight years to be the next Crimson Tide head coach. In his first season, Saban led the Crimson Tide to a 7–6 record. A promising 6–2 start gave way to ending the regular season with four straight losses including an upset loss to Louisiana–Monroe. The team rebounded in its final game, defeating Colorado in the Independence Bowl.
Alabama greatly improved in the following season, posting a 12–0 regular season record and climbing to its first No. 1 ranking in 16 years, before finishing with back-to-back losses in the SEC Championship Game and the Sugar Bowl to finish the year at 12–2.
In 2009, Nick Saban led Alabama to its second consecutive undefeated regular season (12–0), and won the SEC Championship Game with a victory over the No. 1 ranked Florida Gators to improve to 13–0. On January 7, 2010, Alabama beat Texas 37–21 in the 2010 BCS National Championship Game, finishing the season 14–0 and winning Alabama its 13th national championship. Saban joined Pop Warner as the only coach to win National Championships at two different FBS schools.
Before the 2010 season, Alabama was ranked No. 1, but losses to South Carolina, LSU, and Auburn (the eventual 2010 National Champion) gave Saban's Tide a regular season record of 9–3. Alabama was invited to the 2011 Capital One Bowl where they dominated Big 10 Co-Champion Michigan State 49–7 to finish with a 10–3 record.
During the 2011 season the Tide was ranked No. 2 in the first 2011 BCS Poll behind division rival LSU. The Tide suffered their only loss of the season 9-6 in overtime to the LSU Tigers on November 5, 2011 in Tuscaloosa. Alabama finished the regular season 11-1 and ranked No. 2 in the BCS poll, which resulted in Alabama playing No. 1 LSU in the 2012 BCS National Championship Game in New Orleans, Louisiana. It was Alabama's second BCS National Championship Game appearance in three years. Alabama won the game 21–0 behind one of the most dominant defensive performances in bowl history to finish the year 12-1. Alabama held LSU to the second fewest total yardage ever allowed in a BCS National Championship Game. It was the first time in a BCS bowl game that the opponent was held scoreless. In winning Alabama's second national championship in three years, Saban became the first and thus far only coach to win three BCS titles.
In 2012, the Tide was once again ranked No. 2 in preseason polls and rose to No. 1 following their first win over Michigan in the Cowboys Classic. Despite a late season loss to SEC newcomer Texas A&M, Alabama won the SEC West and defeated Georgia in the SEC Championship Game to earn a berth in the 2013 BCS National Championship Game. The Tide then beat the No. 1 Notre Dame Fighting Irish 42-14 to finish the season 13-1 and win its second consecutive BCS title and its third in the previous four seasons. The Tide became the first team to win back to back BCS championships and the first team to win three national championships in four seasons since the Nebraska Cornhuskers from 1994-1997.
As of the completion of the 2012 season, Saban's current official record at Alabama is 63–13 (68–13 on the field, but 5 wins from the 2007 season were vacated).
National championships in NCAA FBS college football are debated as the NCAA does not officially award the championship. Despite not naming an official National Champion, the NCAA provides lists of championships awarded by organizations it recognizes. According to the official NCAA 2009 Division I Football Records Book, "During the last 138 years, there have been more than 30 selectors of national champions using polls, historical research and mathematical rating systems. Beginning in 1936, the Associated Press began the best-known and most widely circulated poll of sportswriters and broadcasters. Before 1936, national champions were determined by historical research and retroactive ratings and polls. [...] The criteria for being included in this historical list of poll selectors is that the poll be national in scope, either through distribution in newspaper, television, radio and/or computer online."
The University of Alabama 2009 Official Football Media Guide states that Alabama had 12 national championships prior to winning the 2010 BCS National Championship Game. The 2009, 2011 and 2012 titles bring the total number of national championships claimed by Alabama to 15. Ten of Alabama's national championships were awarded by the wire-services (AP, Coaches' Poll) or by winning the BCS National Championship Game.
In addition to the championships claimed by the university, the NCAA lists Alabama as receiving a championship for the 1945, 1966, 1975, and 1977 college football seasons, however those championships are not claimed by Alabama.
In the 1980s Alabama, under Sports Information Director Wayne Atcheson, recognized five national championship teams (1925, 1926, 1930, 1934, 1941), and added them to the University's Football Media Guide. According to Atcheson, he made the effort in the context of disputed titles being claimed by other schools, and "to make Alabama football look the best it could look." Though the claims were made in the spirit of competition with other claimants, Atcheson maintains that the titles are the school's rightful claims.
Since World War II, Alabama only claims national championships awarded by the final AP Poll or the final Coaches' Poll. This policy is consistent with other FBS football programs with numerous national title claims, including Notre Dame, USC, and Oklahoma. All national championships claimed by the University of Alabama were published in nationally-syndicated newspapers and magazines, and each of the national championship selectors, listed below, is cited in the Official 2010 NCAA FBS Record Book.
In January 2013, CNN suggested that Alabama might be college football's new dynasty, and in May 2013, Athlon Sports ranked Alabama's ongoing dynasty as the fourth-best since 1934, behind Oklahoma (1948–58), Miami (1986–92), and Nebraska (1993–97).
National championship seasons
|1925||Wallace Wade||Various||10–0||Won Rose Bowl|
|1926||Wallace Wade||Various||9–0–1||Tied Rose Bowl|
|1930||Wallace Wade||Various||10–0||Won Rose Bowl|
|1934||Frank Thomas||Various||10–0||Won Rose Bowl|
|1941||Frank Thomas||Various||9–2||Won Cotton Bowl Classic|
|1961||Paul "Bear" Bryant||AP, Coaches'||11–0||Won Sugar Bowl|
|1964||Paul "Bear" Bryant||AP, Coaches'||10–1||Lost Orange Bowl|
|1965||Paul "Bear" Bryant||AP||9–1–1||Won Orange Bowl|
|1973||Paul "Bear" Bryant||Coaches'||11–1||Lost Sugar Bowl|
|1978||Paul "Bear" Bryant||AP||11–1||Won Sugar Bowl|
|1979||Paul "Bear" Bryant||AP, Coaches'||12–0||Won Sugar Bowl|
|1992||Gene Stallings||AP, Coaches'||13–0||Won Sugar Bowl|
|2009||Nick Saban||AP, Coaches'||14–0||Won BCS National Championship Game|
|2011||Nick Saban||AP, Coaches'||12–1||Won BCS National Championship Game|
|2012||Nick Saban||AP, Coaches'||13–1||Won BCS National Championship Game|
- 1925 — The 1925 Alabama Crimson Tide football team, coached by Wallace Wade, completed the regular season 9–0–0, winning the Southern Conference championship. Alabama was then invited to play Washington in the January 1, 1926 Rose Bowl. Coach Wade's team initially fell behind the undefeated Huskies, but rallied in the second half to defeat Washington 20–19. The outstanding player of the game was Johnny Mack Brown. This game is viewed by many football historians as the single most important event for Southern football, and is hailed "the football game that changed the South." Alabama was the first Southern football team to be invited to play in the Rose Bowl, and proved that the Southern teams could compete with those from the East, the Midwest and the West coast. The victory for Coach Wallace Wade established Alabama as a football powerhouse. The 1925 Alabama football team finished the season with a 10–0–0 record and was selected national champions by the Football Annual, Billingsley, and the Helms Athletic Foundation.
- 1926 — The 1926 Alabama Crimson Tide football team, coached by Wallace Wade, completed the regular season 9–0–0, winning the Southern Conference championship. Alabama was then invited to play Stanford in the January 1, 1927 Rose Bowl. Coach Wade's team tied the Indians 7–7 to finish the season 9–0–1. The outstanding player of the game was Fred Pickhard. The 1926 Alabama football team was selected national champions by Billingsley and the Helms Athletic Foundation.
- 1930 — The 1930 Alabama Crimson Tide football team, coached by Wallace Wade, completed the regular season 9–0–0, winning the Southern Conference championship. Alabama was then invited to play Washington State in the January 1, 1931 Rose Bowl. Coach Wade's team defeated the Cougars 24–0 to finish the season 10–0–0. The outstanding player of the game was John Campbell. The 1930 Alabama football team tied with Notre Dame as national champions in the Davis Poll.
- 1934 — The 1934 Alabama Crimson Tide football team, coached by Frank Thomas, completed the regular season 9–0–0, winning the Southeastern Conference championship. Alabama was then invited to play Stanford in the January 1, 1935 Rose Bowl. Coach Thomas' team defeated the Indians 29–13 to finish the season 10–0–0. The outstanding player of the game was Millard "Dixie" Howell. The 1934 Alabama football team was selected national champions by Dunkel, Williamson, and Football Thesaurus. The University of Alabama honored Ben McLeod, Jr., the 95-year–old former backup End of the 1934 team at the September 6, 2008 Alabama–Tulane game.
- 1941 — The 1941 Alabama Crimson Tide football team, coached by Frank Thomas, completed the regular season 8–2–0. Alabama's squad finished 3rd in the Southeastern Conference. After losing to Mississippi State and Vanderbilt, Alabama finished the regular season ranked No. 20 in the volatile AP Poll. This title is disputed by the program's rivals because of the ranking; however, the onset of World War II changed the college football postseason. Alabama was one of 10 teams chosen for post-season competition when they were invited to play Texas A&M in the January 1, 1942 Cotton Bowl Classic. Coach Thomas' team defeated the Aggies 29–21 to finish the season 9–2–0. The outstanding players of the game were Holt Rast, Don Whitmire, and Jimmy Nelson. The squad was selected national champions by the Houlgate Poll, published in the nationally syndicated Football Thesaurus. The 2009 NCAA Record Book cites the Minnesota Golden Gophers, the Texas Longhorns, and the Alabama Crimson Tide as the three teams selected as national champions in 1941. The Tuscaloosa News described the 1941 Alabama Crimson Tide as the University's best team since the 1934 Rose Bowl Championship Team.
- 1961 — The 1961 Alabama Crimson Tide football team, coached by Bear Bryant, completed the regular season 10–0–0, winning the Southeastern Conference championship. Led by quarterback Pat Trammell, linebacker Lee Roy Jordan and two–way lineman Billy Neighbors, Alabama outscored their opponents 297–25. Alabama was then invited to play the #9–ranked Arkansas Razorbacks in the January 1, 1962 Sugar Bowl. Coach Bryant's team defeated the Razorbacks 10–3 to finish the season 11–0–0. The outstanding player of the game was Mike Fracchia. The 1961 Alabama football team was selected national champions by the AP Poll and Coaches' Poll.
- 1964 — The 1964 Alabama Crimson Tide football team, coached by Bear Bryant, completed the regular season 10–0–0, winning the Southeastern Conference championship. Alabama was led by quarterback Joe Namath. Alabama was then invited to play the Texas Longhorns in the January 1, 1965 Orange Bowl. Coach Bryant's team lost to the Longhorns 21–17 to finish the season 10–1–0. The outstanding player of the game was Joe Namath. The 1964 Alabama football team was selected national champions by the AP Poll and the Coaches' Poll prior to bowl games. The AP Poll waited until after the bowl games to select their champion for the 1965 season.
- 1965 — The 1965 Alabama Crimson Tide football team, coached by Bear Bryant, completed the regular season 8–1–1, winning the Southeastern Conference championship. The Tide lost to Georgia and tied Tennessee during the regular season. Alabama was then invited to play Nebraska in the January 1, 1966 Orange Bowl. Coach Bryant's team defeated the Cornhuskers 39–28 to finish the season 9–1–1. The outstanding player of the game was Steve Sloan. The 1965 Alabama football team was selected national champions by the AP Poll.
- 1973 — The 1973 Alabama Crimson Tide football team, coached by Bear Bryant, completed the regular season 11–0–0, winning the Southeastern Conference championship. Alabama was then invited to play Notre Dame in the December 31, 1973 Sugar Bowl. Coach Bryant's team lost to the Fighting Irish 24–23 to finish the season 11–1–0. The 1973 Alabama football team was selected national champions in the final regular season Coaches' Poll, which was finalized prior to the post-season bowl games. The Coaches' Poll began selecting their champion after the bowl games starting in 1974. The post-bowl game AP poll ranked Alabama 4th, and selected Notre Dame as its national champion.
- 1978 — The 1978 Alabama Crimson Tide football team, coached by Bear Bryant, completed the regular season 10–1–0, winning the Southeastern Conference championship. The Tide defeated #10–ranked Nebraska 20–3, and defeated #11–ranked Missouri 38–20, and lost to #7-ranked Southern California 24-14, during the regular season. The #2-ranked Alabama Crimson Tide was then invited to play the #1–ranked Penn State in the January 1, 1979 Sugar Bowl. Coach Bryant's team defeated the Nittany Lions 14–7 to finish the season 11–1–0. The outstanding player of the game was linebacker Barry Krauss. Alabama was selected national champions by the AP Poll, and Southern California was selected national champion by the Coaches' Poll.
- 1979 — The 1979 Alabama Crimson Tide football team, coached by Bear Bryant, completed the regular season 11–0–0, winning the Southeastern Conference championship. The Tide defeated #18–ranked Tennessee 27–17, and defeated #14–ranked Auburn 25–18 during the regular season. Alabama was then invited to play #6–ranked Arkansas in the January 1, 1980 Sugar Bowl. Coach Bryant's team defeated the Razorbacks 24–9 to finish the season 12–0–0. The outstanding player of the game was running back Major Ogilvie. The 1979 Alabama football team was selected national champions by the AP Poll and the Coaches' Poll.
- 1992 — The 1992 Alabama Crimson Tide football team, coached by Gene Stallings, completed the regular season 11–0–0. They then defeated #12–ranked Florida in the inaugural SEC Championship Game, defeating the Gators 28–21; the win gave Alabama its 20th SEC title and a record of 12–0–0. Alabama was then invited to play #1–ranked Miami, led by Heisman trophy winner Gino Torretta, in the January 1, 1993 Sugar Bowl. Coach Stallings' team defeated the Hurricanes 34–13 to finish the season 13–0–0. The outstanding player of the game was Derrick Lassic. The 1992 Alabama football team was awarded the national championship by the AP Poll and the Coaches' Poll.
- 2009 — The 2009 Alabama Crimson Tide football team, coached by Nick Saban, finished with a 12–0 regular season. In the 12 wins, the Crimson Tide defeated four teams that were ranked at the time, including an opening day victory over No. 7 Virginia Tech in Atlanta. The team headed back to the Georgia Dome in December to face off against #1 Florida in the SEC Championship Game. The Crimson Tide defeated the Gators 32–13 in a rematch of the previous year's championship. Alabama then traveled to Pasadena to face #2-ranked Texas in the 2010 BCS National Championship Game at the Rose Bowl. Alabama's Heisman Trophy-winning running back, Mark Ingram, rushed for 116 yards and two touchdowns in a 37–21 win. This was Alabama's first victory over Texas (1–7–1). Ingram was named the game's offensive MVP in Alabama's first BCS victory. The 2009 Alabama football team was selected national champions by the AP and Coaches' Polls. The 2009 squad became the first FBS division team to defeat six teams ranked in the AP Top 25 during one season and received a record six first team AP All-America selections. The 2009 team finished with a perfect 14-0 record, an all-time highest number of wins in a season for Alabama.
- 2011 — The 2011 Alabama Crimson Tide football team, coached by Nick Saban, completed the regular season 11–1. The only loss of the season was to the LSU Tigers, in overtime 9–6. The team did not play in the SEC championship game because of that loss, but won convincingly in its final 3 regular-season games to receive a No. 2 ranking in the BCS poll. For its final regular season game, the Tide defeated rival Auburn Tigers 42-14. Alabama, led by Heisman trophy finalist Trent Richardson, was then invited to play the #1–ranked LSU Tigers in the 2012 BCS National Championship Game. Coach Saban's team defeated the Tigers 21–0 to finish the season 12–1. Jeremy Shelley made a bowl record-tying five field goals in the game. The game's offensive MVP was QB A.J. McCarron, and the defensive MVP was LB Courtney Upshaw. With the win, Alabama became the first team to shut out their opponent in a BCS bowl game. In addition to winning the BCS National Championship, the AP also awarded its national title to Alabama for the 8th time.
- 2012 - The 2012 Alabama Crimson Tide football team, coached by Nick Saban, completed the regular season 11–1. The only loss of the season was to the Texas A&M Aggies, 29-24. Despite the loss, Alabama won the SEC Western division and went to the 2012 SEC Championship Game, where it defeated the Georgia Bulldogs 32-28 for its 23rd conference championship. Alabama earned a No. 2 ranking in the final BCS rankings for the second straight year to earn a spot in the 2013 BCS National Championship Game against #1-ranked Notre Dame. Coach Saban's team defeated the Fighting Irish 42-14 to finish the season 13-1. The game's offensive MVP was RB Eddie Lacy, and the defensive MVP was LB C.J. Mosley. Alabama became the third team in history to win three national championships in four years. This is Alabama's 9th AP national championship and 10th wire-service championship.
Alabama has won a total of 27 conference championships; this includes 4 Southern Conference and 23 SEC Championships. Alabama captured its 4 Southern Conference titles in 1924, 1925, 1926, and 1930. Alabama captured the first SEC title in 1933 and has won a total of 23 SEC Championships (1933, 1934, 1937, 1945, 1953, 1961, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1989, 1992, 1999, 2009, and 2012). The school has won more SEC football titles than any other school, with four (1992, 1999, 2009, 2012) coming since the conference split into separate divisions and added a Championship Game. Alabama is the only SEC school to win an SEC Championship in every decade since the conference was founded in 1933.
|Season||Conference||Coach||Overall Record||Conference Record|
|1961||SEC||Paul "Bear" Bryant||11–0||7–0|
|1964||SEC||Paul "Bear" Bryant||10–1||8–0|
|1965||SEC||Paul "Bear" Bryant||9–1–1||6–1–1|
|1966||SEC||Paul "Bear" Bryant||11–0||6–0|
|1971||SEC||Paul "Bear" Bryant||11–1||7–0|
|1972||SEC||Paul "Bear" Bryant||10–2||7–1|
|1973||SEC||Paul "Bear" Bryant||11–1||8–0|
|1974||SEC||Paul "Bear" Bryant||11–1||6–0|
|1975||SEC||Paul "Bear" Bryant||11–1||6–0|
|1977||SEC||Paul "Bear" Bryant||11–1||7–0|
|1978||SEC||Paul "Bear" Bryant||11–1||6–0|
|1979||SEC||Paul "Bear" Bryant||12–0||6–0|
|1981||SEC||Paul "Bear" Bryant||9–2–1||7–0|
|Conference Championships||23 SEC, 4 SoCon|
The SEC has been split into two divisions since the 1992 season with Alabama competing in the SEC West since that time. Alabama has won 9 divisional titles, posting a 4-4 record in the SEC Championship Game. The most recent appearance was a victory over Georgia in the 2012 contest.
|Season||Division||SEC CG Result||Opponent||PF||PA|
|† Denotes co-champions|
First team All-Americans
Every year, several publications release lists of the their ideal "team". The athletes on these lists are referred to as All-Americans. The NCAA recognizes five All-American lists. They are the Associated Press (AP), American Football Coaches Association (AFCA), Football Writers Association of America (FWAA), Sporting News (TSN), and the Walter Camp Football Foundation (WCFF). Alabama has had 107 players honored 125 times as first team All-Americans (55 consensus) in its history, including 13 players honored twice and two players (Cornelius Bennett and Woodrow Lowe) who were honored three times.
Following the end of the 2012 regular season, five Alabama players were honored as first team All-Americans.
- D. J. Fluker (CBS, Scout.com)
- Barrett Jones (WCFF, AP, FWAA, TSN, CBS, Scout.com, ESPN, SI)
- Dee Milliner (WCFF, AFCA, AP, FWAA, TSN, CBS, Scout.com, ESPN, PFW)
- C. J. Mosley (WCFF, AFCA, AP, TSN, CBS, Scout.com, SI)
- Chance Warmack (WCFF, AFCA, AP, TSN, FWAA, CBS, Scout.com, ESPN, SI, PFW)
College Football Hall of Fame inductees
In 1951, the College Football Hall of Fame opened in South Bend, Indiana. Since then, Alabama has had 19 players and 4 former coaches inducted into the Hall of Fame. Alabama had two members inducted into the inaugural 1951 class—Don Hutson and Frank Thomas.
Individual award winners
On December 12, 2009, Mark Ingram became Alabama's first Heisman Trophy winner. In the closest race ever, he edged out Stanford running back Toby Gerhart by 28 points. The previous best finish for an Alabama player occurred in 1993, when David Palmer finished 3rd in the Heisman voting.
Top 5 finishes for Alabama players:
|1962||Lee Roy Jordan||LB||4th|
Starting in 1994, the Southeastern Conference has annually honored one former football player from each of the SEC member schools as an "SEC Legend". The following former Crimson Tide football players have been honored as SEC Legends.
The main rivalry of the Crimson Tide is against its in-state rival, Auburn University. The rivalry is considered to be one of the best and most hard-fought rivalries in all of sports. The Alabama-Auburn game has come to be known as the Iron Bowl. The outcome of the game generally determines "bragging rights" in the state of Alabama until the following contest. Due to the intensity of the rivalry, many families, marriages, and other groups are split over their respective teams. The game may also have implications as to which team will represent the SEC Western Division in the SEC Championship Game. On February 22, 1893, at Lakeview Park in Birmingham, Auburn was victorious in the first ever Iron Bowl, 32–22. The series was suspended after the 1907 contest, due to violence and financial complications. In 1944, Auburn suggested to reopen the series, though the Board of Trustees at Alabama rejected. However, the series was finally resumed in 1948—Alabama crushing the Tigers 55–0, which is still the largest margin of victory in the series. In the following contest, Auburn shocked Alabama with a 14–13 victory, which is credited with helping revive the series. For many years, the contest was held at Legion Field in Birmingham, before the teams began alternating between Bryant-Denny Stadium, in Tuscaloosa, and Jordan–Hare Stadium, in Auburn. Alabama currently leads the series at 42–34–1. Auburn won the most recent 2013 meeting 34-28.
Despite the heated in-state rivalry with Auburn, Bear Bryant was more adamant about defeating his rivals to the north, the Tennessee Volunteers. The series is named the Third Saturday in October, the traditional calendar date on which the game was played. Despite the name, the game has only been played on the third Saturday five times between 1995–2007. The first game between the two sides was played in 1901 in Birmingham, ending in a 6–6 tie. From 1902 to 1913, Alabama dominated the series, only losing once, and never allowing a touchdown by the Volunteers. Beginning in 1928, the rivalry was first played on its traditional date and began to be a challenge for the Tide as Robert Neyland began challenging Alabama for their perennial spot on top of the conference standings. In the 1950s, Jim Goostree, the head trainer for Alabama, began another tradition as he began handing out cigars following a victory over the Volunteers.
Between 1971–1981, Alabama held an eleven-game winning streak over the Volunteers and, between 1986–1994, a nine-game unbeaten streak. However, following Alabama's streak, Tennessee responded with a seven-game winning streak from 1995–2001. Alabama has won the last seven meetings from 2007–2013. Alabama won the most recent meeting 45-10 in Tuscaloosa, and leads the series 50–38–7.
A rivalry within the SEC Western Division occurs yearly between Alabama and the LSU Tigers. Starting in 1895, the Tigers were victorious 12–6 in the first meeting. The teams did not regularly meet until the mid-1960s, during Alabama's dominance of the SEC. Between 1971–1981, the Crimson Tide won 11 consecutive times. In the 1969 game, LSU defeated Alabama 20–15 in Baton Rouge. Alabama did not lose again in Baton Rouge until 2000.
In 2007, the meeting was more heated following Alabama's hiring of head coach Nick Saban, who previously coached at LSU. With the hiring, many media outlets dubbed the 2007 meeting as the "Saban Bowl". The Crimson Tide lost the first "Saban Bowl" in 2007, won the 2008 and 2009 meetings only to lose in Baton Rouge in 2010.
In 2011, the teams played as the consensus No. 1 and No. 2 ranked teams in the polls with LSU winning 9–6 in overtime. They played each other again for the BCS National Championship with Alabama winning 21–0 to secure its 14th National Championship. In 2012, No. 1 Alabama defeated No. 5 LSU 21-17 after scoring the winning touchdown with 51 seconds remaining in the game. Alabama won the most recent game 38-17 and leads the head-to-head series at 48–25–5.
While Alabama and Florida were charter members of the SEC, they have never been annual opponents. Nevertheless, they have had many noteworthy meetings over the years, especially since the SEC Championship Game game was instituted in 1992.
The Gators and Crimson Tide have met seven times for the SEC championship. These meetings have consistently held significant national title implications: on four occasions, the winner of a Florida-Alabama SEC title game has gone on to win a national championship. Stakes were never higher than in 2008 and 2009, when the teams were ranked No. 1 and No. 2 coming into the game in consecutive seasons. The second-ranked team won in both instances (Florida in 2008, Alabama in 2009), with both conference championship winners going on to win the BCS National Championship Game. The Gators hold a 4–3 edge in SEC Championship Games against the Crimson Tide with Alabama leading the series overall 22-14.
All-time record vs. current SEC teams
Official record (including any NCAA imposed vacates and forfeits) against all current SEC opponents as of the completion of the 2012 season:
This is a partial list of the ten most recent bowl games Alabama competed in. For the full Alabama bowl game history, see List of Alabama Crimson Tide bowl games.
|2001||Independence Bowl||Alabama 14||Iowa State 13|
|2004||Music City Bowl||Minnesota 20||Alabama 16|
|2005||Cotton Bowl||Alabama 13^||Texas Tech 10|
|2006||Independence Bowl||Oklahoma State 34||Alabama 31|
|2007||Independence Bowl||Alabama 30||Colorado 24|
|2008||Sugar Bowl||Utah 31||Alabama 17|
|2009||BCS National Championship||Alabama 37||Texas 21|
|2010||Capital One Bowl||Alabama 49||Michigan State 7|
|2011||BCS National Championship||Alabama 21||LSU 0|
|2012||BCS National Championship||Alabama 42||Notre Dame 14|
Overall bowl record: 35–22–3 (60 games)
^ Alabama would later vacate the 2005 Cotton Bowl Classic win due to NCAA infractions.
Alabama and the NFL
Pro Football Hall of Fame
Seven former Alabama football players have been inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame, the fifth most among all colleges.
Players currently in the NFL
Current coaching staff
|Nick Saban||Head coach||7th|
|Burton Burns||Associate Head Coach, Running Backs||7th|
|Doug Nussmeier||Offensive Coordinator, Quarterbacks||2nd|
|Chris Rumph||Defensive Line||3rd|
|Kirby Smart||Defensive Coordinator, Linebackers||7th|
|Mario Cristobal||Offensive Line||1st|
|Billy Napier||Wide Receivers||1st|
|Lance Thompson||Outside Linebackers||4th|
|Bobby Williams||Tight Ends, Special Teams||6th|
|Scott Cochran||Strength and Conditioning||7th|
In August 1995, the NCAA Infractions Committee found four rules violations by the Alabama football program. Alabama cornerback Antonio Langham signed with a sports agent and applied to enter the NFL draft in January 1993, and allegedly received deferred-payment loans. Alabama's football program was placed on probation with scholarship limitations, and a one year post-season ban (1995). Eight wins and one tie from the 9–3–1 1993 season were forfeited.
In February 2002, Alabama was sanctioned for providing impermissible benefits. The NCAA report states that a recruiter gave a prospective student $20,000 in cash, lodging and entertainment. During the 2000 season, an assistant football coach in Memphis, Tennessee claimed an Alabama booster paid him US$50,000 to encourage one of his players to sign with Alabama. A secret witness that helped convict the University of Alabama was later revealed to be Tennessee coach Phillip Fulmer. The report included allegations of paying a high school coach to influence a prospect, violations of rules for honesty and cooperation, expense-paid visits to the campus, and cash payments to other football players. Alabama received probation from 2002 to 2006, a post-season ban in 2002 and 2003, and loss of 21 scholarships over 3 years. Criminal charges were filed stemming from one of the incidents. The NCAA stated that the University fully cooperated with the enforcement staff.
In June 2009, Alabama was sanctioned for textbook and supplies-related infractions, valued at approximately $40,000, involving 201 student-athletes in 16 sports. The football program was forced to vacate 21 wins from the 2005-2007, pay a $43,900 fine, and received a public reprimand and censure. The football program was placed on three years probation, which ended in June 2012. The university stated "none of the textbooks or materials was used for profit or to get items not related to academics, and that the athletes involved who still have eligibility remaining have had to pay restitution." Alabama's appeal of the ruling was unsuccessful.
Mike Price incident
In April 2003, news reports claimed Alabama head coach Mike Price spent several hundred dollars at a strip club in Pensacola, Florida, and that $1,000 of room service was charged to the University. Coach Price was dismissed for behavior unbecoming a representative of the University of Alabama before coaching a game. Following a Sports Illustrated article that elaborated on the incident, Price sued the magazine for defamation, and sued the University, claiming wrongful termination. The lawsuit against the University of Alabama was dismissed and the lawsuit against Sports Illustrated was settled out of court.
Clinton-Dix Improper Benefits
On October 3, 2013, the Tuscaloosa News reported Alabama assistant strength and training coach Corey Harris provided improper monetary benefits to Ha'Sean "HaHa" Clinton-Dix. Specifically, the coach gave Clinton-Dix a loan of less than $500 after the player's 2012 Dodge Charger was burglarized in Tuscaloosa. Clinton-Dix had been suspended for two games for the rules violations.
During the football season, the Crimson Tide Sports Network broadcasts multiple shows on gameday for most sports. The network includes more than sixty radio stations across the country. Radio stations WFFN-FM, WTSK-AM as a backup, broadcast all home games in the Tuscaloosa area.
Football radio broadcasts begin three hours prior to the game's designated kickoff time with Chris Stewart and Tyler Watts in Around the SEC. The radio broadcast then moves to the Crimson Tide Tailgate Party hosted by Tom Roberts. Immediately following the end of the game, the Fifth Quarter Show begins as host Eli Gold talks to coaches and players, as well as giving game statistics. For the 2008 season, former Alabama players and personalities were brought on to provide guest commentary for each broadcast.
- Eli Gold – play-by-play
- Phil Savage – color analyst
- Chris Stewart – sideline reporter, pre- and post-game show host
- Tyler Watts – pre- and post-game show co-host
- Tom Roberts – director of broadcasting
- Tom Stipe, Butch Owens, Brian Roberts – producers
Stewart and Watts also provide play-by-play and color commentary respectively for CTSN pay-per-view television broadcasts.
- Bert Bank, founder of the Alabama Football Network, producer emeritus
- John Forney, play-by-play
- Jerry Duncan, sideline reporter
- Paul Kennedy, play-by-play
- Doug Layton, color analyst
- Ken Stabler, color analyst
Future non-conference opponents
|vs West Virginia*||vs Wisconsin**|
|Southern Miss||Colorado State|
* The 2014 game against West Virginia will be played in Atlanta, GA.
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- Dunnavant, Keith (2006). "The Missing Ring". The Missing Ring: How Bear Bryant and the 1966 Alabama Crimson Tide Were Denied College Football's Most Elusive Prize. Macmillan. p. 170. ISBN 0-312-33683-7.
- Carlton, Chuck (November 2, 2007). "LSU, Alabama to meet in first Saban Bowl". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
- "Bayou, LSU fans brace for Nick Saban Bowl". New York Daily News. November 1, 2007. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
- "It's Saban Bowl for riled LSU fans". The Seattle Times. November 1, 2007. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
- Hall of Fame. "Inductees by College". PFHOF. Retrieved November 9, 2011.
- "Alabama Football Roster, Coaches". University of Alabama Athletics, Accessed: March 31, 2013.
- "It's official: NCAA opens investigation". TideSports.com. February 23, 2001. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
- "NCAA puts Alabama football on five-year probation". Associated Press. February 1, 2000. Retrieved March 10, 2009.
- "The Controversy of the Tennessee Volunteers". Fox Sports. December 28, 2005. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
- "No bargain with Tennessee in Alabama probe". USA Today. January 28, 2004. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
- "University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Public Infractions Report". NCAA. February 1, 2002. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
- "UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA, TUSCALOOSA PUBLIC INFRACTIONS REPORT". June 11, 2009. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
- "University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa Public Infractions Report". Birmingham Weekly. June 11, 2009. Retrieved June 11, 2009.
- "More on UA's textbook appeal: NCAA Committee on Infractions tagged UA as a 'serial repeat violator' with an 'abysmal' record". October 13, 2009. Retrieved August 27, 2012.
- "Sixteen Alabama teams penalized". ESPN. June 12, 2009. Archived from the original on June 14, 2009. Retrieved June 12, 2009.
- Hurt, Cecil (March 23, 2010). "UA officials disappointed in appeal outcome". The Tuscaloosa News.
- "Price files $20 million lawsuit against SI". Sports Illustrated. June 20, 2003. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
- "Mike Price timeline". Seattle Times. November 13, 2003. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
- "Prices sues Alabama for $20 million". San Francisco Chronicle. June 15, 2003. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
- "UTEP coach Price, SI settle $20 million suit". NBC Sports. October 10, 2005. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
- "Alabama Strength Coach Placed on Administrative Leave for Providing Money to HaHa Clinton-Dix". Tuscaloosa News. 2013-10-03. Retrieved 2013-11-26.
- "Radio/TV Information". University of Alabama Athletics. Archived from the original on September 30, 2008. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
- "CTSN Game Broadcasts". University of Alabama Athletics. Archived from the original on September 14, 2008. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
- "CTSN Ready for 2008 Football Season". University of Alabama Athletics. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
- "The Crew". University of Alabama Athletics. Archived from the original on October 03 2008. Retrieved October 17, 2008.
- "Crimson Tide Radio and Television Information, Football". University of Alabama Athletics. Retrieved October 15, 2013.
- Williamson, Bill (July 11, 2008). "Ex-Raiders star Stabler leaves radio gig". ESPN. Archived from the original on October 09 2008. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
- "Stabler leaves UA radio job". The Huntsville Times. July 12, 2008. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
- "Alabama Crimson Tide Football Schedules and Future Schedules". fbschedules.com. Retrieved February 26, 2012.
- "Alabama Put on Probation College football: NCAA sanctions program for three years. The team is banned from postseason play next season.". Los Angeles Times. August 3, 1995.
- Barnhart, Tony; Keith Jackson (2000). Southern Fried Football: The History, Passion, and Glory of the Great Southern Game. Triumph Books. ISBN 1-60078-093-8.
- Davis, Terry (1999). Roll Tide: The Alabama Crimson Tide Story. Creative Education. ISBN 0-88682-975-5.
- Forney, John (1993). Talk of the Tide: an oral history of Alabama football since 1920. Crane Hill Publishers. ISBN 1-881548-03-1.
- Gold, Eli (2005). Crimson Nation. Thomas Nelson Incorporated. ISBN 1-4016-0190-1.
- Groom, Winston (2000). The Crimson Tide – An Illustrated History. The University of Alabama Press. ISBN 0-8173-1051-7.
- Langford, George (1974). The Crimson Tide: Alabama Football. H. Regnery Co. ISBN 0-8092-8363-8.
- Sharpe, Wilton (2007). Crimson Tide Madness: Great Eras in Alabama Football. Cumberland House Publishing. ISBN 1-58182-580-3.
- Townsend, Steve (2003). Tales from 1978–79 Alabama Football: A Time of Champions. Sports Publishing LLC. ISBN 1-58261-425-3.
- Walsh, Christopher J. (2005). Crimson Storm Surge: Alabama Football Then and Now. Taylor Trade Publishing. ISBN 1-58979-279-3.
- Wells, Lawrence (2000). Football Powers of the South. Sports Yearbook Company. ISBN 0-916242-27-7.
- Athlon Sports; Mike Shula (2006). Alabama Football: The Greatest Games, Players, Coaches, and Teams in the Glorious Tradition of Crimson Tide Football. Triumph Books. ISBN 1-57243-880-0.
- The Tuscaloosa News; Mike Bynum, Associated Press (2003). Greatest Moments in Alabama Crimson Tide Football History. Distributors. ISBN 1-928846-65-3.