Alabama Republic

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State of Alabama
Alabama Republic
Unrecognized state

1861


Flag

Map of the State of Alabama on January 11, 1861
Capital Montgomery, Alabama
Languages English (de facto)
Government Republic
Governor Andrew B. Moore
History
 -  Established January 11, 1861
 -  Disestablished February 4, 1861
Population
 -  1860 est. 964,201 
Currency US Dollar

The State of Alabama, or informally the Alabama Republic, are terms used to describe the U.S. state of Alabama from January 11, 1861, becoming the fourth state to declare its secession from the Union following the election of Abraham Lincoln and adopting the ordinances of secession[1] from the Union (by a vote of 61-39), to joining the Confederate States of America the next month.

The Flag of the Alabama Republic[edit]

Reverse of the Flag

On January 11 1861, the Secession Convention passed a resolution designating a flag designed by a group of Montgomery women as their official flag. This flag has often been referred to as the Republic of Alabama Flag. One side of the flag displayed the Goddess of Liberty holding in her right hand an unsheathed sword; in the left a small flag with one star. In an arch above this figure were the words "Independent Now and Forever".[2] On the other side of the flag was a cotton plant with a coiled rattlesnake. Beneath the cotton plant are the Latin words: "Noli Me Tangere",[3] (Touch Me Not). This flag was flown until February 10 1861, when it was removed to the Governor's Office after it was damaged by severe weather. It was never flown again.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alabama Department of Archives and History, Ordinances and Constitution of the State of Alabama
  2. ^ Alabama Department of Archives and History, Alabama Official Symbols and Emblems - Alabama Secession Convention Flag
  3. ^ Alabama Department of Archives and History, Official Symbols and Emblems of Alabama

Coordinates: 32°42′N 86°42′W / 32.7°N 86.7°W / 32.7; -86.7