Alabama Senate

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Coordinates: 32°22′36″N 86°17′56″W / 32.37667°N 86.29889°W / 32.37667; -86.29889

Alabama State Senate
Alabama State Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type Upper House
Term limits None
History
New session started March 1, 2011
Leadership
President of the Senate Kay Ivey, (R)
Since January 17, 2011
President Pro Tempore of the Senate Del Marsh, (R)
Since November 3, 2010
Majority Leader J. T. Waggoner, (R)
Since November 3, 2010
Minority Leader Vivian Figures, (D)
Since November 3, 2010
Structure
Seats 35
Composition of the Alabama Senate
Political groups Republican Party (23)
Democratic Party (11)
Independent (1)
Length of term 4 years
Authority Article IV, Alabama Constitution
Salary $10/day + per diem
Elections
Last election November 2, 2010
(35 seats)
Next election November 4, 2014
(35 seats)
Redistricting Legislative Control
Meeting place
State Senate Chamber
Alabama State Capitol
Montgomery, Alabama
Website
Alabama State Senate

The Alabama State Senate is the upper house of the Alabama Legislature, the state legislature of the US state of Alabama. The body is composed of 35 members representing an equal amount of districts across the state, with each district containing at least 127,140 citizens. Similar to the lower house, the Alabama House of Representatives, the Senate serves both without term limits and with a four-year term

The Alabama State Senate meets at the State House in Montgomery.

Like other upper houses of state and territorial legislatures and the United States Senate, the Senate can confirm or reject gubernatorial appointments to the state cabinet, commissions and boards.

Powers[edit]

While the House of Representatives has exclusive power to originate revenue bills, such legislation can be amended and/or substituted by the Senate. Moreover, because the Senate is considered to be the "deliberative body", rules concerning length of debate are more liberal than those of the House of Representatives.

Like the United States Senate, the Alabama Senate has sole power of Confirmation of certain appointees designated by the Constitution and by statute. The legislative antecedent of this role is a similar power that was vested in the Roman Senate during the Roman Republic.

Membership[edit]

The Alabama Senate is composed of 35 state senators, in keeping with Article IV, Section 50, of the Alabama Constitution, which limits the Alabama House of Representatives to 105 members, and the Senate to 35; together with Article IX, Sections 197 and 198, which requires that membership in the state senate consist of not less than one-fourth, nor more than one-third, of the total membership of the state House of Representatives. Additional representation is authorized in the event of the creation of new counties. Thus, the Alabama Senate is precisely one-third the size of the House of Representatives, and each state senator represents a district of approximately 125,000 Alabamians.

Under Article IV, Section 47 of the Constitution, Senators must be at least 25 years of age at the time of their election, must be citizens and residents of the state of Alabama for at least 3 years, and reside within their district for at least one year prior to election.

Senators, like members of the House of Representatives, are elected for four-year terms, and take office at midnight of the day of their election. Amendment 97 to the Constitution, provides that should a vacancy occur in either house of the Legislature, the governor is required to call a special election to fill the vacancy.

Senate seal[edit]

The Senate Seal features an open book and torch, accompanied by the Latin phrase Libertas Per Lege, meaning "Liberty Through Law". The official Seal of the Senate was adopted by Senate Resolution, August 19, 1965, and was created by a special committee consisting of then Senators John Tyson (Mobile), Vaughan Hill Robison (Montgomery), Bill Nichols (Talladega), Lieutenant Governor Jim Allen and Secretary of the Senate McDowell Lee.

Leadership of the Senate[edit]

The Lieutenant Governor of Alabama serves as the President of the Senate, but only casts a vote if required to break a tie. In his or her absence, the President Pro Tempore presides over the Senate. The President Pro Tempore is elected by the full Senate by nominations taken from the floor, followed by a recorded vote. The President Pro Tempore is the chief leadership position in the Senate. The other Senate Majority and Minority leaders are elected by their respective party caucuses.

The President of the Senate is Alabama Lieutenant Governor Kay Ivey. The President Pro Tempore is Republican Del Marsh. The Majority Leader is Republican J. T. Waggoner of the 16th District (Jefferson, Shelby).

Committees[edit]

Current committees include:[1]

  • Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry
  • Banking and Insurance
  • Business and Labor
  • Children, Youth Affairs, and Human Resources
  • Commerce, Transportation, and Utilities
  • Confirmations
  • Constitution, Campaign Finance, Ethics, and Elections
  • Economic Expansion and Trade
  • Education
  • Energy and Natural Resources
  • Finance and Taxation Education
  • Finance and Taxation General Fund
  • Fiscal Responsibility and Accountability
  • Governmental Affairs
  • Health
  • Industrial Development and Recruitment
  • Judiciary
  • Local Legislation No. 1
  • Local Legislation No. 2
  • Local Legislation No. 3
  • Rules
  • Small Business and Economic Development
  • Tourism and Marketing
  • Veterans and Military Affairs

Composition[edit]

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Ind Democratic Vacant
End of previous legislature 23 1 11 35 0
Begin 23 1 11 35 0
Latest voting share 62.9% 2.9% 31.4%

Members[edit]

District Name Party Hometown First Elected Counties Represented
1 Tammy Irons Dem Florence 2010 Colbert, Lauderdale
2 Bill Holtzclaw Rep Madison 2010 Limestone, Madison
3 Arthur Orr Rep Decatur 2006 Limestone, Madison, Morgan
4 Paul Bussman Rep Cullman 2010 Cullman, Lawrence, Winston
5 Greg Reed Rep Jasper 2010 Jefferson, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Winston
6 Roger Bedford, Jr. Dem Russellville 1982 Colbert, Fayette, Franklin, Lamar, Lawrence, Marion, Winston
7 Paul Sanford Rep Hunstville 2009 Madison
8 Shadrack McGill Rep Scottsboro 2010 DeKalb, Jackson, Madison
9 Clay Scofield Rep Arab 2010 Blount, Madison, Marshall
10 Phil Williams Rep Gadsden 2010 Cherokee, Etowah
11 Jerry Fielding Rep Sylacauga 2010 Calhoun, Coosa, Elmore, Talladega
12 Del Marsh Rep Anniston 1998 Calhoun, St. Clair
13 Gerald Dial Rep Lineville 2010 Chambers, Cherokee, Clay, Cleburne, Lee, Randolph
14 Cam Ward Rep Alabaster 2010 Bibb, Chilton, Jefferson, Shelby
15 Slade Blackwell Rep Mountain Brook 2010 Jefferson, Shelby
16 J. T. Waggoner Rep Birmingham 1990 Jefferson, Shelby
17 Scott Beason Rep Gardendale 2006 Blount, Jefferson, St. Clair
18 Rodger Smitherman Dem Birmingham 1994 Jefferson
19 Priscilla Dunn Dem Bessemer 2009 Jefferson
20 Linda Coleman Dem Birmingham 2006 Jefferson
21 Gerald Allen Rep Tuscaloosa 2010 Hale, Pickens, Tuscaloosa
22 Marc Keahey Dem Grove Hill 2009 Baldwin, Choctaw, Clarke, Conecuh, Escambia, Mobile, Monroe, Washington
23 Henry Sanders Dem Selma 1982 Autauga, Clarke, Conecuh, Dallas, Lowndes, Marengo, Monroe, Perry, Wilcox
24 Bobby Singleton Dem Greensboro 2005 Bibb, Choctaw, Greene, Hale, Marengo, Perry, Sumter, Tuscaloosa
25 Dick Brewbaker Rep Montgomery 2010 Elmore, Montgomery
26 Quinton Ross Dem Montgomery 2002 Montgomery
27 Tom Whatley Rep Auburn 2010 Lee, Russell, Tallapoosa
28 Billy Beasley Dem Clayton 2010 Barbour, Bullock, Henry, Lee, Macon, Russell
29 Harri Anne Smith Ind Slocomb 1998 Dale, Geneva, Houston
30 Bryan Taylor Rep Prattville 2010 Autauga, Butler, Crenshaw, Elmore, Lowndes, Pike
31 Jimmy Holley Rep Elba 1998 Coffee, Covington, Dale, Houston
32 Trip Pittman Rep Fairhope 2007 Baldwin
33 Vivian Davis Figures Dem Mobile 1997 Mobile
34 Rusty Glover Rep Semmes 2006 Mobile
35 Bill Hightower Rep 2013 Mobile

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Alabama Senate Committees". Open States. Sunlight Foundation. 4-9-2014. Retrieved 4-9-2014. 

External links[edit]