Alabama State University Historic District

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Alabama State University Historic District
ASU Bibb Graves Hall June 09 02.jpg
Bibb Graves Hall, built in 1928
Alabama State University Historic District is located in Alabama
Alabama State University Historic District
Location 915 S. Jackson Street
Montgomery, Alabama
Coordinates 32°21′51″N 86°17′51″W / 32.36417°N 86.29750°W / 32.36417; -86.29750Coordinates: 32°21′51″N 86°17′51″W / 32.36417°N 86.29750°W / 32.36417; -86.29750
Area 26 acres (11 ha)
Architect Warren, Knight, & Davis
Architectural style Colonial Revival
Governing body State
NRHP Reference # 98001228[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 8, 1998
Designated ARLH August 25, 1994[2]

The Alabama State University Historic District is a 26-acre (11 ha) historic district at the heart of the Alabama State University campus in Montgomery, Alabama. It contains eighteen contributing buildings, many of them in the Colonial Revival style, and one site. The district was placed on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage on August 25, 1994 and the National Register of Historic Places on October 8, 1998.[1][2]

History[edit]

Alabama State University traces its beginnings to 1867, when former slaves Joey Pinch, Thomas Speed, Nickolas Dale, James Childs, Thomas Lee, John Freeman, Nathan Levert, David Harris, and Alexander H. Curtis founded a school for African Americans in Marion, Alabama. This school, the Lincoln Normal School, was the direct predecessor for the State Normal School and University for the Education of Colored Teachers and Students, established in 1873 by the Alabama Legislature.[3] In 1887 the school moved to Montgomery, renamed the Alabama Colored Peoples University. Classes were initially held at Beulah Baptist Church. The name was changed to State Normal School of Colored Students in 1889, following legal wrangling regarding state funding.[4]

Land for a permanent campus at the current location was purchased in 1889, with the first permanent building, the wood-frame Tullibody Hall, erected in 1890. This Tullibody Hall burned in 1904 and was rebuilt in brick in 1906. Following the death of the first president, William Paterson, in 1915, the school became organized as a four-year teacher training high school and junior college. In the 1920s additional land was purchased and the state appropriated $50,000 for the construction of dormitories and dining facilities. The school became a full four-year institution in 1928, had a name change to State Teachers College in 1929, and conferred its first bachelor's degree in teacher education in 1931. The majority of buildings within the historic district date from this mid-20th century period, 1916 through 1945. The name of the university changed several more times over the next few decades: to Alabama State College for Negroes in 1948, Alabama State College in 1954, and in 1969 assumed the current title of Alabama State University.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ a b "The Alabama Register of Landmarks & Heritage". preserveala.org. Alabama Historical Commission. April 1, 2013. Archived from the original on April 28, 2013. Retrieved April 28, 2013. 
  3. ^ "The ASU Legacy: Perseverance, Progress and Promise". Alabama State University. Retrieved 2010-01-27. 
  4. ^ a b "142 Years of Leadership". Alabama State University. Retrieved 2010-01-27.