|Motto: The Good Life Community|
Location in Alachua County and the state of Florida
|Incorporated (city)||12 April 1905|
|• Mayor||Gib Coerper|
|• City Manager||Traci Cain|
|• Total||35.13 sq mi (90.98 km2)|
|• Land||34.75 sq mi (90.00 km2)|
|• Water||0.38 sq mi (0.98 km2) 0.11%|
|Elevation||138 ft (42 m)|
|• Density||260.7/sq mi (100.65/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||386, 352|
|GNIS feature ID||0307629|
Alachua is a city in Alachua County, Florida, United States. According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the city's population was 9,059. The city is part of the Gainesville, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area, which was home to 264,275 people at the 2010 census.
Alachua was established in 1884 on a railroad line, after the railroad had bypassed nearby Newnansville. Alachua got a post office in 1887 and was incorporated as a city on 12 April 1905, at which time it had a population of 526 people.
Alachua is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.1 square miles (91.0 km2). 34.7 square miles (90.0 km2) of it is land and 0.39 square miles (1.0 km2) of it (1.08%) is water.(29.779286, -82.479849).
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,098 people, 2,348 households, and 1,751 families residing in the city. The population density was 211.0 per square mile (81.5/km²). There were 2,501 housing units at an average density of 86.5 per square mile (33.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 67.56% White, 29.08% African American, 0.15% Native American, 1.12% Asian, 1.13% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.61% of the population.
There were 2,348 households out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.4% were non-families. 19.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $38,075, and the median income for a family was $49,542. Males had a median income of $36,315 versus $28,018 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,299. About 14.0% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.3% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.
The largest Hare Krishna community in the Western Hemisphere is located in Alachua, with satellite communities throughout North Florida.
Alachua is served by the School Board of Alachua County, which operates two elementary schools, a middle school and Santa Fe High School in the city, and the Alachua County Library District, which operates a branch library in the city.
The newspaper Alachua County Today has its headquarters in Alachua city. The paper serves all of the communities within Alachua County, but it focuses on smaller municipalities outside of Gainesville. Good Life Community is a life-style magazine which is also headquartered in Alachua. It covers Gainesville and the communities of northwestern Alachua County.
- "Florida by Place. Population, Housing, Area, and Density: 2000". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 13 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Alachua city, Florida". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Gainesville, FL Metro Area". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Alachua County Public Schools: Schools and Centers
- Alachua County Library District: Alachua
- "About ACT News". Retrieved 5 May 2012.
- "Good Life Community, Your community Magazine". Retrieved 5 May 2012.
- City of Alachua official website
- Alachua Conservation Trust
- Alachua Branch Library
- Alachua County Today