Alaeddin Pasha (vizier)

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Alaeddin
Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
1320–1331
Monarch Osman I, Orhan
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Nizamüddin Ahmed Pasha
Personal details
Born Cendere, Nallıhan, Turkey
Religion Sunni Islam
First grand vizier of the Ottoman Empire

Alaeddin Pasha was the first Ottoman grand vizier. His father's name was Kemalettin, and thus he was usually called Hacı Kemalettin oğlu Alaeddin Pasha or Alaeddin bin Hacı Kemalletin, meaning "son of Hacı Kemalettin's." He was probably from the town of Cendere, from where the famous Çandarlı family also originated.[1] He was a fakih (expert in Islamic law). He was appointed as the vizier during the last years of Osman I's reign (probably in 1320). He continued during Orhan's Bey's reign. Since there was only one vizier in the divan during the early years of the Ottoman beylik, his title was not actually grand vizier, but his post was equivalent to the post of the later grand viziers. Because of this, he is known as the first grand vizier of the Ottoman Empire.

He founded the first standing army for the Ottoman sultan, which would later on become the Janissaries. The new corps wore white caps in contrast to earlier red-cap Turkmen soldiers. Alaattin's service as grand vizier ended before 1333.[2]

Trivia[edit]

Some sources claim that Alaaeddin Pasha was Orhan's brother.[3] Although Orhan had a brother named Alaeddin Pasha, brother Alaeddin and vizier Alaeddin are usually not believed to be the same person.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Prof. Yaşar Yüce-Prof. Ali Sevim: Türkiye tarihi Cilt II, AKDTYKTTK Yayınları, İstanbul, 1991 p 310
  2. ^ a b Halil İnalcık:Kuruluş Dönemi OsmanlI Sultanları, İstanbul, ISAM, ISBN 978-605-5586-06-5 p.24, 71-72
  3. ^ Lord Kinross:Ottoman centuries (translated by Meral Gaspıralı) ,İstanbul,Altın Kitaplar,ISBN 978-975-21-0955-1 p.26
Political offices
New office Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
1320–1331
Succeeded by
Nizamüddin Ahmed Pasha