Alagir

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For the defunct soccer team active in 1992–2000, see FC Alagir.
Alagir (English)
Алагир (Russian)
Алагир (Ossetic)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Republic of North Ossetia-Alania (2008-03).svg
Location of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania in Russia
Alagir is located in North Ossetia–Alania
Alagir
Alagir
Location of Alagir in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania
Coordinates: 43°02′N 44°14′E / 43.033°N 44.233°E / 43.033; 44.233Coordinates: 43°02′N 44°14′E / 43.033°N 44.233°E / 43.033; 44.233
Administrative status (as of December 2012)
Country Russia
Federal subject Republic of North Ossetia–Alania[1]
Administrative district Alagirsky District[1]
Town Under District Jurisdiction Alagir[1]
Administrative center of Alagirsky District,[1] Alagir Town Under District Jurisdiction[1]
Municipal status (as of January 2006)
Municipal district Alagirsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Alagirskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Alagirsky Municipal District,[2] Alagirskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 20,949 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
Founded 1850[5]
Town status since 1938[citation needed]
Dialing code(s) +7 86731[citation needed]
Alagir on WikiCommons

Alagir (Russian: Алаги́р; Ossetian: Алагир) is an industrial town and the administrative center of Alagirsky District of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, Russia, located on the west bank of the Ardon River, 54 kilometers (34 mi) west of the republic's capital Vladikavkaz. Population: 20,949 (2010 Census);[3] 21,496 (2002 Census);[6] 21,132 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

The town was established in 1850[5] by Prince Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov, the Viceroy of the Caucasus, near an ancient silver/lead mine in the nearby Alagir Gorge. It was built up as a fortified settlement around a smelting plant and became a major mining center. By the end of the 19th century, the town had been increasingly populated by Georgians and Russians who came to work there. During the Russian Civil War, in January 1919, Alagir was a scene of intense fighting, which resulted in heavy casualties in the town's Georgian population and difficult flight of the survivors through the mountainous passes into Georgia. The Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin commented on the incident, blaming "counter-revolutionaries" for atrocities in Alagir,[8] which Georgians tend to attribute to the Ossetian radicals.[9]

Alagir was granted town status in 1938.[citation needed] During World War II, on November 5, 1942, the German III Panzer Corps and Romanian 2nd Mountain Division[10] (under von Kleist) captured the town and held it until it was recovered by the Soviet forces in early January 1943.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Alagir serves as the administrative center of Alagirsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with two rural localities, incorporated within Alagirsky District as Alagir Town Under District Jurisdiction.[1] As a municipal division, the town of Alagir (without the rural localities) is incorporated within Alagirsky Municipal District as Alagirskoye Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

The town's economy is still dominated by mining and mineral extraction, but it also has a significant woodworking, canning, and manufacturing industry.

Ethnic groups[edit]

Major ethnic groups comprising the town's population, as of 2002, are:[citation needed]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Law #34-RZ
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #11-RZ
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 15. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ (Russian) A. I. Melnin (1973), "Октябрьская революция и гражданская война в Северной Осетии" (The October Revolution and Civil War in North Ossetia), p. 225. Ordzhonikidze: Ir
  9. ^ "Alagir incident (1919)", in: Mikaberidze, Alexander (2007), Historical Dictionary of Georgia, p. 106. Scarecrow Press, ISBN 0-8108-5580-1
  10. ^ http://www.worldwar2.ro/operatii/?article=11

Sources[edit]

  • Закон №34-РЗ от 9 июля 2007 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Северная Осетия-Алания», в ред. Закона №44-РЗ от 12 ноября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в Приложение к Закону Республики Северная Осетия–Алания "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Северная Осетия–Алания" и Закон Республики Северная Осетия–Алания "Об установлении границ муниципального образования Алагирский район, наделении его статусом муниципального района, образовании в его составе муниципальных образований — городского и сельских поселений"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Северная Осетия", №148(24949), 16 августа 2007 г. (Law #34-RZ of July 9, 2007 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, as amended by the Law #44-RZ of November 12, 2013 On Amending the Appendix to the Law of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania" and the Law of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of Alagirsky District, Granting It the Status of a Municipal District, Establishing Municipal Formations—Urban and Rural Settlements—Within Its Structure". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Закон №11-РЗ от 5 марта 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципального образования Алагирский район, наделении его статусом муниципального района, образовании в его составе муниципальных образований — городского и сельских поселений и установлении их границ», в ред. Закона №44-РЗ от 12 ноября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в Приложение к Закону Республики Северная Осетия–Алания "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Северная Осетия–Алания" и Закон Республики Северная Осетия–Алания "Об установлении границ муниципального образования Алагирский район, наделении его статусом муниципального района, образовании в его составе муниципальных образований — городского и сельских поселений"». Вступил в силу с 1 марта 2005 г. Опубликован: "Северная Осетия", №43 (24344), 15 марта 2005 г. (Law #11-RZ of March 5, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of Alagirsky District, Granting It the Status of a Municipal District, Establishing Municipal Formations—Urban and Rural Settlements—Within Its Structure and on Establishing Their Borders, as amended by the Law #44-RZ of November 12, 2013 On Amending the Appendix to the Law of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania" and the Law of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of Alagirsky District, Granting It the Status of a Municipal District, Establishing Municipal Formations—Urban and Rural Settlements—Within Its Structure". Effective as of March 1, 2005.).