Alajos Hauszmann

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Hauszmann Alajos (June 9, 1847 - July 31, 1926) was an Austro-Hungarian architect, professor, and member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

Life[edit]

Alajos was born at Buda in 1847 into a family of Bavarian origin, the son of Ferenc Hauszmann and Anna Maár (siblings: Hermina (1845–1929), Ferenc (1850–1918) and Kornélia (1854-1837)). He studied painting from 1861, then became a bricklayer's apprentice. In 1864 he attended Technical University of Budapest, and in 1866 he continued architecture studies at the Bauakademie in Berlin, along with Ödön Lechner.

  • 1868 Assistant Professor at the Technical University of Budapest
  • 1869-1870. Grand tour of Italy to study renaissance architecture
  • 1872 Professor at the Technical University for the next 40 years
  • 1874 Married Mariette Senior, whom he met in Berlin
  • Designed barracks for the Red Cross, to be known as Hauszmann-barracks in Austria and Switzerland
  • 1891 Named chief architect for Buda Castle in Budapest
  • Received the Order of Franz Joseph, Grand Cross

In 1912 Alajos retired, and a year later he created a foundation for young architects graduating from the Technical University. In 1914 he went on an extended journey to Egypt and the Holy Land. In 1918 he was ennobled by King Charles IV of Hungary; however, in the following year, his private home was confiscated during the Hungarian Soviet Republic. In 1924 he was elected an honorary member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. He died, aged 79, in Velence, Fejér.

Major works[edit]

Architecture and design[edit]

View of Buda Castle
  • 1870 German Theater, Budapest (destroyed by fire in 1890)
  • 1870 Kiosk, Erzsébet tér, Budapest (destroyed)
  • 1871-1872 Tüköry palace, Budapest (destroyed)
  • 1874-1875 Coburg palace, Budapest (destroyed)
  • 1876 Church of the Sacred Heart, Gyoma
  • 1876-1878 Kégl mansion, Székesfehérvár
  • 1877-1878 City Hall and theater, Szombathely (destroyed)
  • 1878 Stefánia Yacht Club, Balatonfüred
  • 1878-1879 Kégl palace, Budapest
  • 1878-1880 St. Stephen Hospital, Budapest
  • 1881-1883 Austro-Hungarian Bank, Szombathely
  • 1882 Hungarian Parliament Building, Budapest (prize winning design, not built)
  • 1882-1884 Erzsébet Hospital for the Red Cross, Budapest
  • 1883-1884 Teacher's Training College, Budapest
  • 1883-1884 Főreáliskola, Budapest
  • 1884 Teacher's Training Institute, Budapest
  • 1884 Scottish Abbey, Budapest (destroyed)
  • 1884-1885 Nádasdy Mansion renovation and chapel, Nádasdladány
  • 1884-1885 Batthyány palace, Budapest
  • 1884-1886 Girls' Lyceum, Sopron
  • 1884-1889 University Pathology Institute, Cluj-Napoca
  • 1886 University Public Health Institute, Cluj-Napoca
  • 1886 State Institute for Teaching Women, Budapest
  • 1886-1887 Institute for Forensic Medicine, Budapest
  • 1887-1889 Northeast Railroad Company apartment building, Budapest
  • 1887-1889 Technical Training School and Museum, Budapest
  • 1888-1890 Budapest Court House and Penitentiary, Budapest
  • 1889-1890 commercial building, Budapest
  • 1890 Kálmán Széll's mansion, Rátót
  • 1890-1894 County hospital, Nitra
  • 1891-1905 Buda Castle, Budapest, including the interiors
  • 1891 Hauszmann house, Budapest
  • 1890-1894 New York Palace, Budapest
  • 1893 General Hospital, Cluj-Napoca
  • 1893-1896 Royal Hungarian Palace of Justice, Budapest (Kúria, today: Ethnographic Museum)
  • 1893-1897 Governor's Palace, Rijeka
  • 1902-1909 Royal Joseph Technical University, central building, Budapest
  • 1904 City Hall, Oradea
  • 1910 National Theater, Budapest (not built)

Publications[edit]

  • A budapesti igazságügyi palota (Magy. Mérnök és Építész Egyl. Közl., 1897)
  • A kir. József műegyetem új otthona (Magy. Mérnök és Építész Egyl. Közl., 1909)
  • A magyar királyi vár (Budapest, 1912)
  • Budapest városának építészeti fejlődésének története (Akad. Ért. 1925).

References[edit]

External links[edit]

In Hungarian