Alalu

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Alalu is god in Hurrian mythology. It's borrowed from Semitic mythology and is a compound word made up of the Semitic definite article "Al" and the Semitic supreme deity "Alu." The "u" at the end of the word is a termination to denote a grammatical inflection. Thus, "Alalu" may also occur as "Alali" or "Alala" depending on the position of the word in the sentence. He was identified by the Greeks as Hypsistos. He was also called Alalus. He is considered to have housed "the Hosts of Sky", the divine family, because he was a progenitor of the gods, and possibly the father of Earth.[1][2][3]

Myth[edit]

Alalu was a primeval deity of the Hurrian mythology. After nine years of reign, Alalu was defeated by his son Anu. Anuʻs son Kumarbi also defeated his father, and his son Teshub defeated him, too.[4][5]

Scholars have pointed out the similarities between the Hurrian creation myth and the story from Greek mythology of Uranus, Cronus, and Zeus.[6]

Alalu fled to the underworld.

Family tree of Alalu[edit]

Family tree of Alalu

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sabatino Moscati, Face of the Ancient Orient, 2001. Page 174. "The first, called 'Kingship in Heaven', tells how this kingship passes from Alalu to Anu... was king in heaven, Alalu was seated on the throne and the mighty Anu, first among the gods..."
  2. ^ Moscatti, Sabatino (1968), The World of the Phoenicians (Phoenix Giant).
  3. ^ Ribichini, Sergio: Beliefs and Religious Life Maoscati Sabatino (1997), The Phoenicians (Rissoli)
  4. ^ Leick, Gwendolyn. Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Mythology. Routledge: 1998. p. 106.
  5. ^ Hopkins, David, ed. Across the Anatolian Plateau: Readings in the Archaeology of Ancient Turkey. American Schools of Oriental Research: 2001. pg. 112.
  6. ^ M.L. West, Hesiod Theogony (1966:18-31; G.S. Kirk, Myth: Its Meaning and Function in Ancient and Other Cultures (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1970:214-20.