The main sculptor was the Italian Pompeo Coppini. It commemorates the Battle of the Alamo, fought at the adjacent Alamo Mission. The monument was erected in celebration of the centenary of the battle, and bears the names of those known to have fought there on the Texas side.
The marker on the cenotaph reads: Erected in Memory of the Heroes who sacrificed their lives at the Alamo, March 6, 1836 in the defense of Texas, 'They chose never to surrender nor retreat, these brave hearts with flag still proudly waving perished in the flames of immortality that their high sacrifice might lead to the founding on this Texas.'
- "Handbooks of Texas Online". ALAMO CENOTAPH. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 17 September 2011.