Alampur, Mahbubnagar

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Alampur
అలంపూర్
Alampuram
historical town
Sangameshwar temple at Alampur
Sangameshwar temple at Alampur
Alampur is located in Telangana
Alampur
Alampur
Location in Telangana, India
Coordinates: 15°52′41″N 78°07′55″E / 15.878°N 78.132°E / 15.878; 78.132Coordinates: 15°52′41″N 78°07′55″E / 15.878°N 78.132°E / 15.878; 78.132
Country  India
State Telangana
District Mahbubnagar
Elevation 269 m (883 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 9,350
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration TS-06

Alampur is a temple-town situated in Mahbubnagar district,[1] in the state of Telangana, India. It is located at about 90 km from Mahabubnagar, 27 km From Kurnool and 200 km from Hyderabad. Alampur is the meeting point of the sacred rivers Tungabhadra and Krishna and is referred to as Dakshina Kashi(also known as Navabrahmeshwara Theertha) and the Western Gateway of Srisailam, the famous Shaivite (Shaivism) pilgrim centre. The principal deities at Alampur are Brahmeshwara and Jogulamba. It is surrounded by the Nallamala hills. Alampur is situated on the left bank of the Tungabhadra river. Alampur is also the hometown of Lakshmi Kantamma, a former member of parliament.

History[edit]

Alampur was under the rule of Shatavahana Ishvakus of Nagarjunakonda, Badami Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Kalyani Chalukyas, Kakatiyas, Vijayanagara Empire and Qutb Shahis of Golconda. Alampur was previously Known as Halampuram, Hamalapuram And Alampuram. Name of this place as Hatampura, mentioned in the inscription dated AD 1101 belongs to Western Chalukya[2] Tribhuvanamalla Vikramaditya VI. The Alampur Navabhrama Temples are historically important and reflect remarkable architectural skills.

Jogulamba[edit]

Jogulamba (also known as Yogulamba/Yogamba) is one of the eighteen Shakti peethas. Oordhva danta pankti (Upper jaw with tooth) of devi fell here. She is the Shakti of Bala brahmeswara swamy. Jogulamba mahadevi, Roudra veekshana loochana, Alampuri sthita mata, Sarvartha phala siddhida.

Jogulamba temple[edit]

Jogulamba temple Alampur

Jogulamba temple is located in the South-East corner of the village beside Tungabhadra river. Old temple of Jogulamba was destroyed by Bahamani sultans in the 14th century. The idols of Jogulamba and her two shaktis Chandi, Mundi were protected from them and placed in Bala brahmeswara swammy temple until 2005. The new temple constructed in the same place and the goddess was relocated. As per the local people Jogulamba is an Ugra rupa (highly energetic and hard to worship) and the water pool nearby it makes the atmosphere cool.

Idol of Jogulamba is in sitting position has huge amount of hair with lizard, scorpion, bat and a human scull in it. Idols of Saptamatrikas, Vighneswara and Veenapani veerabhadra are also present. Original Chandi Mundi idols were left in Bala brahmeswara swammy temple and new idols are made and placed in Jogulamba temple.

Alampur is called as City of Temples and famous for their sculpture. The entire temple complex was built on the bank of Tungabhadra river. Temple of Nava brahmas and Kanchi Kamakshi are most important.

The Jogulamba devi shrine as a Shakti Peeth[edit]

Main articles: Daksha Yaga and Shakti Peethas
Shiva carrying the corpse of Sati Devi

The Yogamba (Jogulamba) temple is regarded as a Shakti Peetha where Sati Devi's upper teeth fell. The mythology of Daksha yaga and Sati's self immolation is the story of origin of Shakti Peethas.[3][4][5]

Shakti Peethas are shrines which are the most divine seats of the Mother Goddess. The body parts of the corpse of Sati Devi has fallen in these places, when Lord Shiva carried it and wandered throughout Aryavartha in sorrow. There are 51 Shakti Peeth linking to the 51 alphabets in Sanskrit.

Navabrahma Temples[edit]

Alampur Navabrahma Temples[6][7] are located at Alampur in Telangana. There are a total of nine temples in Alampur. All of them are dedicated to Shiva. These temples date back to the 7th century A.D and were built by the Badami Chalukyas rulers who were great patrons of art and architecture. Even after a time span of several hundred years, these grand temples still stand firm reflecting the rich architectural heritage of the country.

The temples are emblematic of the Northern and Western Indian styles of architecture. They do not reflect the Dravidian style of architecture as is generally common with the temples in this region. The brilliance of the artists who carved the sculptures of these temples is indeed commendable.

The Navabrahma temples are present on the left bank of the Tungabhadra river, enclosed in a courtyard.

  • Taraka Brahma

At Taraka Brahma temple, the 6th-7th century CE inscriptions present here.

  • Swarga Brahma

Swarga Brahma temple [8] was built during 681-696 AD by Lokaditya Ela Arasa in honour of the queen of Vinayaditya, it is mentioned in an inscription found above the Dwarapalaka image. It is the finest example of Badami Chalukya Architecture and sculpture. This temple is the most elaborately ornamented temple. Temple with an imposing tower (Rekhanagara vimana) is the finest compared to other temples at Alampur.

  • Padma Brahma

Padma Brahma temple having polished stone sculpture of Shivalinga.

  • Bala Brahma

AS per the inscriptions, Bala Brahma temple dates back to 702 CE. It is the main shrine of worship, Shivaratri is celebrated.

  • Vishwa Brahma

Vishwa Brahma temple having sculptural scenes from the epics. It is one of the most artistic temple.

  • Garuda Brahma
  • Kumara Brahma
  • Arka Brahma
  • Vira Brahma

There are other temples like Suryanarayana temple dating back to 9th century. And Narasimha temple with inscriptions belongs to Sri Krishna Devaraya (Vijayanagar Empire). You are sure to be impressed by the Suryanarayana and the Narasimha temples that are also found in the same complex. The exquisite sculptures in the temple are very admirable.

Two Groups of Temples[edit]

Brahmesvara and Papanatha are the 2 groups of temples on either side of Alampur. In 7th century AD Badami Chalukyas built these temples. The temples are not exactly in the Dravidian style but in Nagara style of architecture. The shikharas of all these temples have a curvilinear form and are adorned with the miniature architectural devices. The plans and decoration similar to that of the rock cut temples (found in Karnataka and Maharastra).

Geography[edit]

Alampur is located at 26°01′N 78°47′E / 26.02°N 78.79°E / 26.02; 78.79.[9] It has an average elevation of 159 metres (521 ft).

Demographics[edit]

According to The Imperial Gazetteer of India,[10] Alampur was a taluk of Raichur district, Hyderabad State. It has an area of 184 square miles (480 km2) in 43 villages. The population in 1901 was 30,222, compared with the 27,271 in 1891. Alampur, the headquarters, had a population of 4,182. Krishna river separates the taluk from Mahbubnagar district on the North and the Tungabhadra from Madras state. The confluence of these two rivers is situated in the extreme east of the taluk.

As of 2001 India census,[11] Alampur had a population of 9350. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Alampur has an average literacy rate of 61%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 64% of the males and 36% of females literate. 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Alampur, Historical Places in Mahabubnagar District". Archived from the original on 22 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-25. 
  2. ^ "ALAMPUR". Retrieved 2009-03-26. 
  3. ^ (Translator), F. Max Muller (June 1, 2004). The Upanishads, Vol I. Kessinger Publishing, LLC. ISBN 1419186418. 
  4. ^ (Translator), F. Max Muller (July 26, 2004). The Upanishads Part II: The Sacred Books of the East Part Fifteen. Kessinger Publishing, LLC. ISBN 1417930160. 
  5. ^ "Kottiyoor Devaswam Temple Administration Portal". http://kottiyoordevaswom.com/. Kottiyoor Devaswam. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  6. ^ Chalukyan Temples of Andhradesa By B. R. Prasad. Retrieved 2009-03-25. 
  7. ^ "Alampur, Temples of Andhra Pradesh". Retrieved 2009-03-25. 
  8. ^ "Bewitching temple architecture". Retrieved 2009-03-26. [dead link]
  9. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Alampur
  10. ^ Alampur in The Imperial Gazetteer of India, vol 5, pp. 204
  11. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.