Alan Bond (businessman)
22 April 1938 |
Hammersmith, London, England, United Kingdom
|Residence||Cottesloe, Western Australia|
|Known for||Business magnate, yachting sponsor and corporate criminal|
|Criminal charge||Corporate fraud|
|Criminal penalty||Four years imprisonment|
|Spouse(s)||Eileen Hughes (m. 1955; d. 1992)
Diana Bliss (m. 1995; w. 2012)
|Children||John, Craig, Susanne and Jody|
Alan Bond (born 22 April 1938) is a British-born Australian businessman noted for his high-profile business dealings, including his central role in the WA Inc scandals of the 1980s, and what was at the time the biggest corporate collapse in Australian history; for his bankrolling the successful bid for the 1983 America's Cup, the first time the New York Yacht Club had ever lost it in its 132-year history; and also for a criminal conviction that saw him serve four years in prison.
Beginning his career as a signwriter, Bond formed what was to be Bond Corporation in 1959. He became a public hero in his adopted country after bankrolling challenges for the America's Cup, which resulted in his selection in 1978 as Australian of the Year (awarded jointly with Galarrwuy Yunupingu). His Australia II syndicate won the 1983 America's Cup, which had been held by the New York Yacht Club since 1851, thus breaking the longest winning streak in the history of sport.
In 1992, Bond was declared bankrupt with personal debts totalling A$1.8 billion. He was subsequently convicted of fraud and served four years in prison. Following release, he became active in mining investment, and was included in Business Review Weekly's "Rich 200 List" in 2008. But this apparent success soon proved to be hollow and built on speculative investments by associates, one of whom, in December 2010, described Bond as "a master manipulator who should be stopped before he does any more damage to anyone."
Alan Bond was born on 22 April 1938, the son of Frank and Kathleen Bond in the Hammersmith district of London, England. In 1950, when he was 12, he emigrated to Australia with his parents and his sister Geraldine, 18 months his senior.
The Perth-based Bond made his fortune initially in property development and at one time was one of Australia's most prominent businesspeople. In 1970 he bought three of the 'America's Cup' bid yachts from Sir Frank Packer. He later extended his business interests into other fields including brewing (he controlled Castlemaine Tooheys and G. Heileman Brewing Company in La Crosse, Wisconsin, USA), gold mining, television, and airships. Australia's first private university, Bond University, bears his name.
He purchased QTQ-9, Brisbane and settled an outstanding defamation dispute the station had with the Queensland premier, Joh Bjelke-Petersen by paying out A$400,000. He said in a television interview several years later that he paid because "Sir Joh left no doubt that if we were going to continue to do business successfully in Queensland then he expected the matter to be resolved".
In 1987, Bond purchased Vincent van Gogh's renowned painting, Irises, for $54 million—the highest price ever paid for a single painting. However the purchase was funded by a substantial loan from the auctioneer, Sotheby's, which Bond failed to repay. The transaction was criticised by art dealers as possibly a manipulated sale designed to artificially inflate values generally (which it seems to have done). The painting was subsequently re-sold in 1990 to the J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles.
Purchasing the Nine Network
"...when we first sat down, we said, 'We're either going to sell our stations to you for $400 million, or you're going to sell your stations to us.' And he said, 'Well, I don't really want to sell my stations.' And I said, 'Oh, is that right?' So, anyway, after much discussion, Kerry thumped the table and said, 'Listen, if you can pay me $1 billion, I'll sell them to you, otherwise bugger off...' then I rang the National Australia Bank. I said, 'Look, I'm in discussions here to buy these television stations. Kerry will sell to me, and what I want to do is put our stations together and then, with Sky Channel, I'm going to float it off as a separate entity and raise the capital to pay for it... [Packer] said $1 billion [was his asking price], but I think I'll get it for $800 million...' [The bank manager] duly rang back and said yes. I said, 'Thank God. I'll go and have some further negotiations with Kerry,' which I did. And true to his word, he never budged one penny off it. So I settled the deal with $800 million and a $200 million note. So he put his own $200 million in. So I had $1 billion. And we put our other two stations up as collateral, which were worth probably $400 million."
In fact the agreed price was $1.05 billion. Packer took $800 million in cash, and $250 million in subordinated debt in Bond Media. Once Bond went bankrupt, Packer was able to turn the debt owed, into a 37% equity in Bond Media, which now included 9 in Brisbane, and valued at about $500 million. In fact it was valued at $1 billion, but had $500 million in debt on the books. Still, Packer was quoted as saying "You only get one Alan Bond in your lifetime, and I've had mine".
In 1992 Bond was declared bankrupt with personal debts totalling A$1.8 billion. In 1995 Bond's family bought him out of bankruptcy, with creditors accepting a payment of A$12 million, a little over half a cent per dollar. In 1997 Bond was sentenced to 7 years in prison after pleading guilty to using his controlling interest in Bell Resources to deceptively siphon off A$1.2 billion into the coffers of Bond Corporation. The funds were used to shore up the cash resources of the ailing Bond Corporation, which spectacularly collapsed, leaving Bell Resources in a precarious situation. Bond was released in 2000, having served four years in prison at Karnet Prison Farm.
Return to investment activities
In 2003, Bond was inducted into the America's Cup Hall of Fame. Since 2003, Bond has worked closely with his son Craig and long-time business partner Robert Quinn through Strategic Investments Ltd. Since 2004, interests related to the Bond family have held a block of shares in Madagascar Oil, a business he co-founded with Sam Malin and Robert Nelson, of which the acting chief executive officer is Robert Quinn's son-in-law, J. Laurie Hunter. Interests related to the Bond family also control Global Diamond Resources plc (formerly Lesotho Diamond Corporation) which is developing the Kao diamond pipe in the Kingdom of Lesotho. In 2007, the Federal Court rejected an attempt by Bond to sue freelance journalist Paul Barry over an article Barry wrote about his dealings in Africa with the Lesotho Diamond Company. Bond had claimed that the article had several false statements. In 2008 Bond appealed but this, too, was rejected by the same court which found Mr Bond's claims had no reasonable prospects of success.
In 2008, Bond made a return to the Business Review Weekly's "Rich 200 List", in 157th spot, with an estimated wealth of $265 million—thanks primarily to his stakes in Madagascar Oil and Global Diamond Resources.
In 1955 he married Eileen Hughes, a member of a prominent Catholic family in Fremantle—her brother is car dealer John Hughes. She and Bond were both 17 and she was pregnant at the time. Bond converted to Catholicism after the marriage. The couple had four children: John, Craig, Susanne and Jody. Bond and Eileen divorced in 1992. Susanne, an equestrian showjumper who had been a member of the Australian showjumping team for seven years, died in 2000 from a suspected accidental overdose of prescription medication. .
In 1995 Bond married Diana Bliss, a public relations consultant and theatre producer. On 28 January 2012, Bliss was found dead in the couple's swimming pool. Police said the circumstances surrounding her death were not suspicious. Confirmation emerged that Bliss, a longtime sufferer of depression, had committed suicide.
- Lewis, Wendy (2010). Australians of the Year. Pier 9 Press. ISBN 978-1-74196-809-5.
- Alan Bond 'master manipulator' Adelaide Sunday Mail 11 December 2010, at AdelaideNow
- Caroline Wilson (11 April 1992). "Why Alan Bond Split With Eileen". The Sun Herald.
- "Alan Bond, entrepreneur and businessman". beda.co.uk. 2007. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- Reif, Rita A $27 Million Loan by Sotheby's Helped Alan Bond to Buy 'Irises' New York Times, 18 October 1989
- Irises, image at the J. Paul Getty Museum
- Alan Bond interview transcript from Enough Rope, ABC TV interview with Andrew Denton, 3 November 2003
- "Alan Bond released from prison". BBC News. 9 March 2000. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- Mottram, Linda; Daniel, Zoe Bond's latest venture in liquidationABC Radio AM report, 20 March 2002
- Reece, Damian; Fagan, Mary Bond on comeback trail The Telegraph (UK), 17 September 2000
- Court dismisses case against journalist Paul Barry ABC News, 22 September 2007
- Bond loses Federal Court appeal - ABC News, 23 June 2008
- "Rich surprise: Alan Bond bounces back". The Sydney Morning Herald. 28 May 2008. Archived from the original on 4 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
- Wilson, Caroline (11 April 1992). "Why Alan Bond Split With Eileen". The Sun Herald. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- Lowth, Adrienne (7 July 2000). "Coronial inquiry launched into the death of Alan Bond's daughter". abc.net.au. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- "People in the News". The Argus-Press. 16 April 1995. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- "Police confirm Alan Bond's wife dead". abc.net.au. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- "Diana Bliss leaves a last sad farewell note to Alan Bond". news.com.au. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
Books about Bond
- Barry, Paul (1991). The Rise And Fall Of Alan Bond. Bantam Books. ISBN 1-86359-037-4.
- Barry, Paul (2001). Going for Broke. Bantam Books. ISBN 1-86325-197-9.
- Bond, Alan; Mundle, Mundle (2004). Bond (autobiography). HarperCollins. ISBN 0-7322-7494-X.
- Maher, Terence (1990). BOND: The Business Career of Alan Bond. William Heinemann Australia. ISBN 0-85561-336-X.
- Sykes, Trevor (1994). The Bold Riders: Behind Australia's Corporate Collapses. St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86373-702-2.