|Born||1939 (age 74–75)
Christchurch, New Zealand
|Alma mater||Canterbury University (B.A., 1961)
Victoria University of Wellington (M.A., Economics, 1962)
|Occupation||entrepreneur, businessman, art collector, philanthropist|
|Known for||Gibbs Amphibians, Gibbs Farm, SKY TV (New Zealand)|
|Spouse(s)||Jennifer Gore (Dame Jenny Gibbs)|
|Children||Amanda, Debbi and Emma and one son Thane.|
|Parents||Theodore Nisbet Gibbs
Alan Gibbs (born 1939) is a New Zealand-born businessman, entrepreneur and art collector. After a successful business career in New Zealand, which made him one of that country's wealthiest individuals, he relocated to London in 1999. He retains strong links to New Zealand through his development of Gibbs Farm, one of the world's leading sculpture parks. He is founder of Gibbs Amphibians, based in Detroit, Michigan, Nuneaton, UK, and Auckland, New Zealand, which pioneers high-speed amphibious technologies.
Alan Gibbs was born in Christchurch, the son of Theodore Nisbet Gibbs and Elsie Gibbs. His father was an accountant, tax adviser and businessman. He was chairman of a 1951 Royal Commission on Taxation. The family moved to Wellington in 1947 and Alan attended Wadestown Primary School, Wellesley College and Wellington College. He undertook three out of four years of an engineering degree at Canterbury University, before switching to economics, completing a BA in 1961. The following year he gained a MA in Economics from Victoria University of Wellington.
New Zealand business career
Gibbs went to London in 1963 as Third Secretary in the New Zealand High Commission, returning to New Zealand in 1965 to work in the Prime Minister's department. He left soon after with a dream to build what he promoted as the first New Zealand car, the Anziel Nova. In New Zealand's then highly regulated economy he failed to gain the necessary import licences to build the cars, and abandoned the scheme in 1970 after a four-year battle. Gibbs then moved to Sydney for two years, where he worked as a merchant banker, returning to set up the Chase-NBA merchant bank in Auckland in 1972. After an early retirement in 1975, he established Gibbs, Saint and Co. in 1977, specialising in corporate advisory work. This later became Gibbs Securities Ltd.
Gibbs' career took off in 1979 when, with three other investors, he purchased Tappenden Motors Ltd. They liquidated it profitably over the next few years. Gibbs then gained stakes in Atlas Majestic Industries, Bendon and Ceramco, three prominent New Zealand public companies which he merged in 1986 and 1987 and that was liquidated in 1989. Meantime, in 1985 he and Trevor Farmer made a successful $114 million takeover bid for the publicly listed transport and security company Freightways Ltd. In early 1990 the Fourth Labour Government confirmed it would sell the Telecom Corporation of New Zealand. Together with merchant banker David Richwhite, Gibbs brokered the $4.25 billion winning bid for the company, which when subsequently floated became the largest company on the New Zealand Stock Exchange. As part of the deal, Gibbs became a director and he and Farmer took a 5 per cent holding in the company. Following a second round of restructuring, led by Gibbs, this holding proved very valuable.
Also in 1990 Gibbs and Farmer invested in and worked with Graig Heatley to develop Sky TV, New Zealand's first pay television company. Gibbs sold most of his New Zealand assets in the late 1990s, retaining Gibbs Farm and an interest in Viaduct Harbour Holdings, the owner of a new waterfront precinct in downtown Auckland and a property portfolio in Wellington with Andrew Wall.
Having been a member of the New Left Club at Canterbury University, Gibbs had converted to strongly-held free-market views by the late 1970s. He became a strong supporter of Roger Douglas, the Minister of Finance in the reforming Fourth Labour Government, 1984-90. Gibbs was appointed chairman of the NZ Forestry Corporation, which in 1987 corporatized the old New Zealand Forest Service. The loss-making department was restructured and transformed into a profitable State Owned Enterprise. He was also appointed chairman of the Hospital and Related Services Taskforce, with a brief to recommend reforms for the underperforming public hospital service. Their suggestions, which focused on introducing an internal market into the system, were not taken up by the Labour government but were partially implemented by the next National Government.
Gibbs also founded the Centre for Independent Studies in New Zealand and was an active member of the New Zealand Business Roundtable. He is a member of the Mont Pelerin Society, founded by the Austrian economist Friedrich Hayek. Gibbs was active in the establishment of ACT New Zealand, a libertarian political party that was formed in 1994. ACT won seven seats in the parliament after the first election under proportional representation in 1996, and has continued to be represented in Parliament since.
Art and sculpture collection at Gibbs Farm
Gibbs is one of New Zealand's leading art collectors, and since 1991 has been establishing a sprawling 1,000 acres (4.0 km2) sculpture park at Gibbs Farm, which is located on Kaipara Harbour on New Zealand's North Island, 50 kilometres (31 mi) north of Auckland in the Kaipara District.
Among the art works installed on The Farm are monumental pieces by contemporary artists including Daniel Buren, Neil Dawson, Andy Goldsworthy, Anish Kapoor, George Rickey, Richard Serra and Bernar Venet.
Some of the art works are large enough to be seen from satellite images at high magnification. The outdoor works of sculpture include the following pieces:
- Horizons, by Neil Dawson (1994)
- The Mermaid, by Marijke de Goey (1999) -
- Electrum, by Eric Orr and Greg Leyh (1997), the world's largest Tesla coil (38 feet tall)
- Te Tuhirangi Contour by Richard Serra (1999/2001) -
- Arches, by Andy Goldsworthy (2005) -
- Dismemberment Stage 1, by Anish Kapoor (2009) -
High speed amphibians
Frustrated by the extreme tidal nature of the Kaipara Harbour, that forms the western boundary of his farm, Gibbs began experimenting with amphibious vehicles in the early 1990s. In 1997 he began to develop the concept in Detroit. Gibbs relocated the project to the United Kingdom in 1999. He partnered with Neil Jenkins who became CEO and based the operation at Nuneaton. Over the next four years they developed the concept to the point that the Aquada, the world's first road-legal, high-speed amphibian, was shown to the public in September 2003. In June 2004 Richard Branson drove an Aquada to break the record for an amphibious crossing of the English Channel. In 2007 a new division of the business was set up in Detroit. A major R & D program has been undertaken in Auckland since 2004. Two new high-speed amphibians, the Humdinga and the Phibian, were released in Washington in 2012, and a third, the Quadski, arrived on the market in early 2013.
Gibbs was married to Jennifer Gore (now Dame Jenny Gibbs) for 33 years. They have three daughters, Amanda, Debbi and Emma, and one son, Thane.
- Goldsmith, Paul (2002). TN Gibbs. Auckland: David Ling.
- Goldsmith, Paul (2012). Serious Fun: the life and times of Alan Gibbs. Auckland: Random House. ISBN 978-1-86979-8.
- "Gibbs Farm official website". 2010. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
- Haseeb (4 August 2012). "Sculpture in the Gibbs Farm". VentureBees. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
- boing-boing "Alan Gibbs' Eclectic, Electric Art" by Dylan Thuras
- "Seeing the Landscape: Richard Serra's Te Tuhirangi Contour", documentary film by Alberta Chu, 2003.
- "New Form at the Farm: Anish Kapoor's Dismemberment Site 1", documentary film by Alberta Chu, 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alan Gibbs.|
- Gibbs Farm - website with photos of artwork
- "Sunday Extras: Alan Gibbs feature". Television New Zealand.
- A Great Day Out at the Farm many photos, articles about the Farm and its art and open house event
- Culture Republic at the Wayback Machine (archived March 24, 2010), large photos of large art at the Farm
- Farm Directory, brochure with information about art works
- Gibbs Sports, information about vehicles