Alan Sorrell

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Alan Sorrell
Alan Sorrell self-portrait.jpg
Noted archaeological illustrator
Born 11 February 1904
Died 21 December 1974(1974-12-21) (aged 70)
Southend-on-Sea
Nationality English
Education The Royal College of Art
Known for Watercolour, Archaeological illustration
Movement Neo-romanticism
Elected Royal Watercolour Society

Alan Ernest Sorrell (11 February 1904 – 21 December 1974) was an English artist and writer best remembered for his archaeological illustrations, particularly his detailed reconstructions of Roman Britain. He was a Senior Assistant Instructor of Drawing at The Royal College of Art, between 1931–39 and 1946–48. In 1937 he was elected a member of the Royal Watercolour Society.

Early life[edit]

Sorrell was born in Tooting, London and moved to Southend, Essex, at the age of two.[1] The son and second child of Ernest Thomas Sorrell (1861–1910) a jeweller and watchmaker and his wife Edith Jane Sorrell née Doody (1867–1951), Alan Sorrell would often go, with his father on trips away drawing landscapes as a child.[1] However, the most part of his childhood was spent confined to a bath chair due to a suspected heart condition.[1] The early death of his father also resulted in Sorrell's feeling shy and withdrawn.[1]

Early career[edit]

Sorrell was trained at the Southend municipal school of art and, after a brief spell as a commercial artist in London, he attended The Royal College of Art between (1924–1927).[1] Whilst there, he met William Rothenstein whom would act as a mentor for Sorrell and became a close friend.[1] In 1928, Sorrell won the British Prix de Rome in Mural painting and spent the next three years at the British School at Rome.[1]

Sorrell returned to England in 1931 and became drawing master at The Royal College of Art where he met contemporaries Including Gilbert Spencer.[1] He began his archaeological reconstruction drawings before the war after a chance meeting in 1936 with Kathleen Kenyon on a dig of a Roman site in Leicester, who asked him to produce illustrations for her article for the Illustrated London News. More commissions then followed at Maiden Castle, in collaboration with Mortimer Wheeler, and at Roman Caerwent and Carleon, in collaboration with Cyril Fox and V. E. Nash-Williams of the National Museum of Wales.[2]

Wartime camoufleur[edit]

Further information: List of camoufleurs

During World War II, Sorrell worked in the Royal Air Force in 1940, and then was transferred to the Air Ministry in 1941, applying his artistic skill to help camouflage aerodromes,.[1][3] For a time he worked in the high security Central Intelligence unit at RAF Medmenham, where he was part of a team working on terrain models for bombing missions, and models of battleships, such as the German battleship Tirpitz.[4] He created artworks of air force life in his spare time[1] as well as commissions from the British official war artists Commission of RAF airfields and runway construction.

Postwar career in archaeology[edit]

After the war this archaeological work was to take up more and more of his time with commissions from archaeologists such as Prof. W. F. Grimes (the London Mithraeum), the Illustrated London News and later on a more official basis for the Ministry of Works.[5] Public awareness of his work was increased by his prolific output and his many publications, starting with 'Roman Britain' (1961), as well drawings commissioned for TV series such as 'Who Were the British?' (Anglia TV). Probably this archaeological work has led to more of Alan Sorrell's work being in public collections than that of any other 20th-century artist. As Professor Barry Cunliffe wrote:

To those of us whose interests were kindled and nurtured by the remarkable wave of popular archaeology in the 1950s the name of Alan Sorrell was as well known as those of Glyn Daniel and Sir Mortimer Wheeler. All were experts and scholars in their own fields and all were using their powers of communication to breathe life into the unprepossessing rubble foundations and dreary potsherds that formed the raw material of archaeological research.[6]

Throughout this post-war period, Sorrell still found time for his more imaginative work, which was exhibited at the RWS, the RA and other exhibitions. The titles were often evocative, such as The Fallen Emperors, The Stone Men and The Dark Tower. A strong characteristic of these paintings is, according to Alan Sorrell, "a sense of the decay of a noble past, and this and their treatment, in its starkness and drama, links them inevitably with his archaeological drawings".[6]

Family life[edit]

Sorrell was married twice, first to Irene Agnes Mary Oldershaw in 1932; they divorced in 1946. His second marriage was to the watercolour artist Elizabeth Sorrell (painter) née Tanner in 1947. They lived and raised their family in a small converted chapel on Daws Heath in Southeast Essex. They had three children, Richard Sorrell (born 1948), an artist, Mark Sorrell (born 1952) a writer, and Julia Sorrell (born 1955) an artist.

As an active member of the Campaign to Protect Rural England, he worked to help preserve ancient trees and woodlands in the local area.[7] This was indicative of his Neo-Romantic outlook which was reflected in works such as The Spoilers,[8] The Planting of the trees,[9] and The Assault which was left unfinished on his easel at the time of his death.[10]

He died in 1974. He is buried in Sutton cemetery, Southend-on-Sea, along with his wife Elizabeth, who died in 1991.

Collections and galleries[edit]

Publications[edit]

  • Latinum A reader for the first stage of Latin by C.B. Robinson with illustrations by Alan Sorrell, Cambridge at the University Press, 1940
  • Roman Britain text by Aileen Fox, drawings by Alan Sorrell, Lutterworth Press, London 1961
  • Saxon England text by John Hamilton, drawings by Alan Sorrell, Lutterworth Press, London 1964
  • Living History, text and drawings by Alan Sorrell, B T Batsfords Ltd, London 1965
  • Norman Britain text by H. R. Loyn, drawings by Alan Sorrell, Lutterworth Press, London 1966
  • Prehistoric Britain text by Barbara Green, drawings by Alan Sorrell, Lutterworth Press, London 1968
  • The Holy Bible, Revised Standard Version Colour illustrations by Alan Sorrell, William Collins & Sons, London 1968 ISBN 0-7188-1766-4
  • Imperial Rome, by Anthony Birley and Alan Sorrell, Lutterworth Press, London 1970 ISBN 0-7188-1367-7
  • Stories from Livy by R.M. Ogilvie, original drawings and maps by Alan Sorrell, Oxford University Press, 1970
  • Nubia: A Drowning Land text by Margaret S. Drower, paintings by Alan Sorrell, Longmans, London & Harlow, 1970. ISBN 978-0-582-16440-6
  • British Castles text and illustrations by Alan Sorrell, B T Batsford Ltd, London 1973 ISBN 0-7134-1119-8
  • Roman Towns in Britain text and illustrations by Alan Sorrell, forward by Dr Graham Webster, B T Batsford Ltd, London 1976 ISBN 978-0-7134-3237-4
  • Medieval Britain Drawing by Alan Sorrell & Richard Sorrell, Lutterworth Press, London 1978
  • Alan Sorrell: Ail-greu'r Gorffenol (1980. National Museum of Wales)
  • Reconstructing the Past by Alan Sorrell, edited by Mark Sorrell, Batsfords, 1981, ISBN 0-7134-1588-6

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Sorrell, Mark,Sorrell, Alan Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, accessed 11 December 2011
  2. ^ "Alan Sorrell: The Man who created Roman Britain" by Julia Sorrell in British Archaeology No.127 Nov/Dec 2012 pp 26–7
  3. ^ Camoupedia
  4. ^ Alastair W. Pearson: Cartographic and Geographical Information Science Vol.29, No 3, 2002, pp. 227–241
  5. ^ "Hysteria Gloom and Foreboading" by Mke Pitts in British Archaeology July/August 2005 No 83
  6. ^ a b Reconstructing the Past by Alan Sorrell, edited by Mark Sorrell, 1978.
  7. ^ "An Artist's memories of a living wood" by Julia Sorrell, Living Woods No 20, Jan/Feb 2012 pp 20–21,
  8. ^ a b c d BBC Your paintings: Alan Sorrell, Paintings by Alan Sorrell at the BBC Your Paintings site
  9. ^ Woodland Trust: Julia Sorrell
  10. ^ An Appreciation of Trees by Julia Sorrell
  11. ^ Imperial War Museum: Alan Sorrell. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
  12. ^ Liss Fine Art: Works by Alan Sorrell. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
  13. ^ London Transport Museum: Artist – Alan Sorrell. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
  14. ^ Museum of London: Alan Sorrell. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
  15. ^ Sir John Soane's Museum: Alan Sorrell Exhibition 25 October 2013 – 25 January 2014. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
  16. ^ Tate Gallery: Alan Sorrell. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
  17. ^ English Heritage Images: Alan Sorrell
  18. ^ Museums of Wales: Alan Sorrell
  19. ^ [1]
  20. ^ Government Art Collection: Alan Sorrell
  21. ^ Arts Council Collection: Alan Sorrell
  22. ^ "Alan Sorrell: Early Wales Re-created" National Museum of Wales, Cardiff 1980
  23. ^ British Castles text and illustrations by Alan Sorrell, B T Batsford Ltd, London 1973 ISBN 0-7134-1119-8
  24. ^ St Albans Museums
  25. ^ BBC Your Paintings: Alan Sorrell
  26. ^ BBC Your Paintings: Alan Sorrell
  27. ^ [2]
  28. ^ Reading Museum: Silchester
  29. ^ Alan Sorrell Alan Sorrell
  30. ^ Bridgeman Art: Lagash
  31. ^ BBC: Alan Sorrell 13
  32. ^ Postal Museum: Alan Sorrell poster art
  33. ^ Tyne & Wear Museums and Archive
  34. ^ Castle Museum, Norwich
  35. ^ The Illustrated London News 18 July 1953
  36. ^ http://www.nationaltrustcollections.org.uk/object/1246611

Bibliography[edit]

  • Sorrell, Julia; Perry, Sara; Johnson, Matthew (November–December 2012). "Alan Sorrell: The Man who created Roman Britain; The Alan Sorrell Archive". British Archaeology: 22–27. 

External links[edit]