Alan Thompson (born 14 June 1959 in Gisborne, New Zealand) is a sprint canoer who competed in the early to mid-1980s. Competing at three Summer Olympics, he won both of his gold medals at Los Angeles in 1984, earning them in the K-1 1000 m and K-4 1000 m events. Thompson is only one of ten New Zealanders to have won two or more olympic gold medals.
Thompson also won three medals at the ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships with two silvers (K-1 1000 m and K-2 500 m: both 1982), and a bronze (K-1 1000 m: 1983).
After retiring from top-level canoeing Thompson became a coach, selector and manager for New Zealand canoeing teams and eventually became president of the New Zealand Canoeing Federation.