Alaotra Grebe

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Alaotra Grebe
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Podicipediformes
Family: Podicipedidae
Genus: Tachybaptus
Species: T. rufolavatus
Binomial name
Tachybaptus rufolavatus
(Delacour, 1932)
Alaotra Grebe range

The Alaotra Grebe (Tachybaptus rufolavatus), also known as Delacour's Little Grebe or Rusty Grebe, is an extinct grebe that was endemic to Lake Alaotra and surrounding lakes in Madagascar.

Description[edit]

The grebe was about 25 cm (9.8 in) long.[2] Its ability to fly long distances was restricted because of its small wings.[3]

History[edit]

The species declined in the course of the 20th century, mainly because of habitat destruction, entanglement with monofilament gillnets and predation by the introduced snakehead murrel (Channa striata).[4] Also, the few remaining birds increasingly hybridized with Little Grebes which use the wetlands as a migration stopover site; as the species differed in several key aspects, the hybrid birds may have suffered from decreased fitness, to the detriment of the rufolavatus gene pool.[5][6]

The Madagascan Pochard, which also lived on Lake Alaotra, was thought to be extinct but was rediscovered in 2006.[7] Unlike this species, however, the grebe had poor powers of dispersal and was never found elsewhere.[citation needed]

The last sighting (which may have been a hybrid with the Little Grebe) was in 1985 and the species was declared extinct in 2010.[8][9] Only one photograph of the species is known to exist.[3][3][9][10] Although some species have been classified as extinct and later have been found to still exist, Leon Bennun, the director of the conservation organization BirdLife International has stated that "no hope remains for this species" and blames the "unforeseen consequences" of human action.[10]

This extinction brought the number of confirmed bird extinctions since 1600 AD to 162. The previous confirmed extinction of a bird species was of the Liverpool Pigeon (Caloenas maculata) in 2008.[3]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Tachybaptus rufolavatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Endangered Wildlife and Plants of the World. Marshall Cavendish Corporation. 2001. p. 649. ISBN 0-7614-7194-4. 
  3. ^ a b c d Walker, Matt (26 May 2010). "Bird conservation: Alaotra grebe confirmed extinct". BBC News. Retrieved 26 May 2010. 
  4. ^ Andrianandrasana, Herizo T.; Randriamahefasoa, Jonah; Durbin, Joanna; Lewis, Richard E. and Ratsimbazafy, Jonah H. (2005): Participatory ecological monitoring of the Alaotra wetlands in Madagascar. Biodiversity and Conservation 14(11): 2757–2774. doi:10.1007/s10531-005-8413-y
  5. ^ Madagascar: Environment Profile
  6. ^ Butchart SHM, AJ Stattersfield & TM Brooks (2006). "Going or gone: defining 'Possibly Extinct' species to give a truer picture of recent extinctions". Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 126A: 7–24. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ BirdLife International (2010) Species factsheet: Tachybaptus rufolavatus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26 May 2010
  9. ^ a b BirdLife International (2010). Wetland aliens cause bird extinction. Downloaded on 26 May 2010 from http://www.birdlife.org/news/news/2010/05/red-list-for-birds-2010.html
  10. ^ a b Elliott, Valerie (26 May 2010). "Alaotra grebe declared extinct after struggle against carnivorous fish". The Times. Retrieved 26 May 2010.