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Alara Kalama, also known as Ārāḍa Kālāma, was a hermit saint and a teacher of yogic meditation. According to the Pali Canon scriptures, he was one of the teachers of Gautama Buddha. After departure Gotama Buddha went to Alara Kalama, who was a teacher in India at that time and taught a kind of preclassic Samkhya at Vaisali. Alara taught Gautama Buddha meditation, especially a Jhanic state called the "Base of Nothingness" (Pali: ākiñcaññāyatana). After practising hard Gautama Buddha equalled Alara. At this time, Alara Kalama could not teach Buddha any more and he told,
You are the same as I am now. There is no difference between us. Stay here and take my place and teach my students with me.
- Laumakis, Stephen. An Introduction to Buddhist philosophy. 2008. p. 8
- Upadhyaya, K. N. (1971). Early Buddhism and the Bhagavadgita. Dehli, India: Motilal Banarsidass. p. 95. ISBN 978-8120808805.
- "Ariyapariyesana Sutta,translation by Thanissaro Bhikkhu". Retrieved 2014-06-29.
- Eliade, Mircea (2009). Yoga: Immortality and Freedom. New Jersey, USA: Princeton University Press. p. 162. ISBN 978-0691142036.
- "Ālāra Kālāma". Article on Palikanon.com. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
- "The Buddha's First Teachers". Article on Buddhanet.net. Retrieved 20 April 2012.