Alaska House of Representatives
|Alaska House of Representatives|
|New session started||January 18, 2013|
|Speaker of the House||Mike Chenault, (R)
Since January 20, 2009
|Majority Leader||Lance Pruitt, (R)|
|Minority Leader||Beth Kerttula, (D)
Since January 3, 2007
|Political groups||Republican Party (26)
Democratic Party (14)
|Length of term||2 years|
|Authority||Article 2, Alaska Constitution|
|Salary||$50,400/year + per diem|
|Last election||November 6, 2012
|Next election||November 4, 2014
|Redistricting||Alaska Redistricting Board|
|House of Representatives chamber
Alaska State Capitol
|Alaska House of Representatives|
The Alaska House of Representatives is the lower house in the Alaska Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Alaska. The House is composed of 40 members, each of whom represents a district of approximately 17,756 people per 2010 Census figures. Members serve two-year terms without term limits. With 40 representatives, the Alaska House is the smallest state legislative lower house in the United States.
Powers and process
Members of the Alaska House of Representatives are responsible for a portion of the process of making and amending state law. The first step of the legislative process is filing a bill by giving it to the chief clerk of the Alaska House of Representatives. The chief clerk will then assign bills a number.
Bills are introduced and read the first time with the number, sponsor or sponsors, and the title of the bill and then referred to a committee(s). Committee chairs can choose whether or not hear a bill and committees can vote to approve a bill in its original form or make modifications through a committee substitute. Once bills or substitutes are approved, the legislation is referred to the next committee of assignment or to the Rules Committee, which can further amend the bill or assign it to the daily floor calendar.
Once a bill is scheduled on the floor, it appears on the calendar in Second Reading. The bill is again read by number, sponsor or sponsors, and title along with the standing committee reports. A motion is made on the floor to adopt any committee substitutes. Amendments can also be offered and voted on. Third Reading is where the motion is made to vote on the bill.
After final passage in the Alaska House of Representatives, a bill is engrossed and sent to the Alaska Senate to go through the same process of introduction, committee referral and three readings. Likewise, bills that have been approved on Third Reading in the Alaska Senate are engrossed and sent to the Alaska House of Representatives.
Enrollment or Conference
When a bill is not modified in the second house, it can be sent to the governor on Third Reading, through enrollment. If the bill is modified, the house of origin must vote to accept or reject amendments by the opposite house. A Fourth Reading, in the case of acceptance, will send the bill to the governor, through enrollment. If amendments are rejected, the bill can be sent to conference, where members of the Senate and House hash out a final version and send it to a Fourth Reading in both houses.
Governor and veto override
The governor can choose to sign or veto the legislation. In the case of the veto, a two-third majority can override the veto. If signed or approved by a veto override, the legislation becomes law.
Terms and qualifications
State representatives must be a qualified voter and resident of Alaska for no less than three years, and a resident of the district from which elected for one year immediately preceding filing for office. A state representative must be 21 years of age at the time the oath of office is taken. The Alaska House of Representatives may expel a member with the concurrence of two-thirds of the membership of the house.
Legislative terms begin on the second Monday in January following a presidential election year and on the third Tuesday in January following a gubanatorial election. State representatives serve for terms of two years.
The Speaker of the House presides over the House of Representatives. The Speaker is elected by the majority party caucus followed by confirmation of the full House through the passage of a House Resolution. In addition to presiding over the body, the Speaker is also the chief leadership position, and controls the flow of legislation and committee assignments. Other House leaders, such as the majority and minority leaders, are elected by their respective party caucuses relative to their party's strength in the chamber.
|Majority Leader||Lance Pruitt||Republican||Kodiak||25|
|Minority Leader||Beth Kerttula||Democratic||Juneau||32|
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of previous legislature||24||4||12||40||0|
|Latest voting share||73%||28%|
Current members (28th Alaska State Legislature)
|1||Doug Isaacson||Republican||North Pole||2013|
|2||Tammie Wilson||Republican||North Pole||2009|
|10||Mark Neuman||Republican||Big Lake||2005|
|12||Dan Saddler||Republican||Eagle River||2011|
|26||Lora Reinbold||Republican||Eagle River||2013|
- Legislative Process, Alaska Legislature (accessed April 27, 2013)
- Alaska Handbook to State Government (accessed April 25, 2013)
- Article 2 of the Alaska Constitution, Lieutenant Governor's Office (accessed April 26, 2013)
- "2013-2014 Session". Alaska Division of Elections.
- Caucuses with the Republican majority for the purpose of committee assignments.
- Alaska Legislature
- The House Majority House Majority Caucus website (coalition of Republicans and Democrats)
- House Democratic Legislators House Democratic Caucus website