Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge

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Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge, Aleutian Island Unit.jpg
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge, Aleutian Island Unit
Map showing the location of Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge
Map showing the location of Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge
Map of Alaska, United States
Location Alaska, United States
Coordinates 52°N 174°W / 52°N 174°W / 52; -174Coordinates: 52°N 174°W / 52°N 174°W / 52; -174
Area 4.9 million acres (20,000 km2)
Established 1980
Governing body U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
http://alaskamaritime.fws.gov/
Big Hazy Islet - Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge

The Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge (often shortened to Alaska Maritime or AMNWR) is a United States National Wildlife Refuge comprising 2,400 islands, headlands, rocks, islets, spires and reefs in Alaska, with a total area of 4.9 million acres (20,000 km2), of which 2.64 million acres (10,700 km2) is wilderness. The refuge stretches from Cape Lisburne on the Chukchi Sea to the tip of the Aleutian Islands in the west and Forrester Island in the southern Alaska Panhandle region in the east. The refuge has diverse landforms and terrains, including tundra, rainforest, cliffs, volcanoes, beaches, lakes, and streams.

Gull Island, a small rocky outcropping on Kachemak Bay is the summer home to an estimated 10,000 seabirds

Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge is well known for its abundance of seabirds. About 75 percent of Alaskan native marine birds, 15 to 30 million among 55 species, use the refuge. AMNWR also provides a nesting habitat for an estimated 40 million seabirds, representing 80 percent of all seabirds in North America. The birds congregate in "bird cities" (colonies) along the coast. Each species has a specialized nesting site (rock ledge, crevice, boulder rubble, pinnacle, or burrow). Other animals present in the park include sea lions, seals, walrus, whales and sea otters.

The administrative headquarters and visitor center are located in Homer, Alaska.

Administration[edit]

Thick-billed Murres in the refuge

The refuge is divided into five units. Clockwise around Alaska, starting in the southeast, their component territories include:

Gulf of Alaska unit[edit]

Alaska Peninsula unit[edit]

Castle Cape, Alaska Peninsula Unit

Aleutian Islands unit[edit]

Includes most of the land area of the Aleutian Islands, from Unimak in the east to Attu in the west)

Bering Sea unit[edit]

Chukchi Sea unit[edit]

Cape Thompson

See also[edit]

External links[edit]