|New session started||January 18, 2013|
|President of the Senate||Charlie Huggins, (R)
Since January 20, 2013
|Majority Leader||John Coghill, (R)
Since November 11, 2012
|Minority Leader||Johnny Ellis, (D)
Since November 8, 2012
|Political groups||Alaska Republican Party (13)
Alaska Democratic Party (7)
|Length of term||4 years|
|Authority||Article 2, Alaska Constitution|
|Salary||$50,400/year + per diem|
|Last election||November 6, 2012
|Next election||November 4, 2014 (10 seats: districts B, D, F, H, J, L, N, P, R, T)
November 8, 2016 (10 seats: districts A, C, E, G, I, K, M, O, Q, S)
|Redistricting||Alaska Redistricting Board|
|State Senate Chamber
Alaska State Capitol
|Alaska State Senate|
The Alaska Senate is the upper house in the Alaska Legislature, the state legislature of the US state of Alaska. The Senate consists of twenty members, each of whom represents an equal amount of districts with populations of approximately 35,512 people, per 2010 Census figures. Senators serve four-year terms, without term limits. Half of the Alaska Senate is up for re-election every two years. With just twenty senators, the Alaska Senate is the smallest upper house legislative chamber in the United States.
Like other upper houses of state and territorial legislatures and the federal Senate, the Senate can confirm or reject gubernatorial appointments to the state cabinet, commissions and boards.
Powers and legislative process 
The Alaska Senate shares the responsibility for making laws in the state of Alaska. Bills are developed by staff from bill requests and information from the bill's sponsor. Bills undergo three or four readings during the legislative process. After the first reading, they are assigned to committee. Committees can amend measures or hold legislation and prevent it from reaching the Senate floor. Once a committee has weighed in on a piece of legislation, the bill returns to the floor for second hearing and a third hearing, which happens just before the floor vote on it.
Once passed by the Senate, a bill is sent to the opposite legislative house for consideration. If approved, without amendment, it is sent to the governor. If there is amendment, however, the Senate may either reconsider the bill with amendments or ask for the establishment of a conference committee to work out differences in the versions of the bill passed by each chamber. Once a piece of legislation approved by both houses is forwarded to the governor, it may either be signed or vetoed. If it is signed, it takes effect on the effective date of the legislation. If it is vetoed, lawmakers may override the veto with a vote by a three-fifths majority in both chambers.
The Alaska Senate has the sole responsibility in the state's legislative branch for confirming gubernatorial appointees to positions that require confirmation.
Current composition 
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of previous legislature||10||6||4||20||0|
|Latest voting share||25%||75%|
Qualifications and terms 
Senators must be a qualified voter and resident of Alaska for no less than three years, and a resident of the district from which elected for one year immediately preceding filing for office. A senator must be at least 25 years old at the time the oath of office is taken.
Senators may expel a member with the concurrence of two-thirds of the membership of the house. This has happened only once in Senate history. On February 5, 1982, the Senate of the 12th Legislature expelled Bethel senator George Hohman from the body. Hohman was convicted of bribery in conjunction with his legislative duties on December 24, 1981, and had defiantly refused to resign from his seat. Expulsion was not much a consideration during the more recent Alaska political corruption probe, as many of the legislators targeted by the probe resigned, lost renomination or reelection, or did not seek reelection.
Legislative terms begin on the second Monday in January following a presidential election year and on the third Tuesday in January following a gubanatorial election. The term of senators is four years and half of the senators are up for election every two years.
The President of the Senate presides over the body, appointing members to all of the Senate's committees and joint committees, and may create other committees and subcommittees if desired. Unlike many other states, the Lieutenant Governor of Alaska does not preside over the Senate. Instead, the Lieutenant Governor oversees the Alaska Division of Elections, fulfilling the role of Secretary of State. Only two other states, Hawaii and Utah, have similar constitutional arrangements for their lieutenant governors. The other partisan Senate leadership positions, such as the Majority and Minority leaders, are (usually) elected by their respective party caucuses to head their parties in the chamber.
Current leadership 
|Majority Leader||John Coghill||Republican||North Pole||A|
|Minority Leader||Johnny Ellis||Democratic||Anchorage||I|
Members of the 28th Senate 
|A||John Coghill||Republican||North Pole||2009||2016|
|C||Clark "Click" Bishop||Republican||Fairbanks||2013||2016|
|F||Fred Dyson||Republican||Eagle River||2003||2014|
|M||Anna Fairclough||Republican||Eagle River||2013||2016|
See also