Alaskan Independence Party

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Alaskan Independence Party
Chairman Lynette Clark
Senate leader None
House leader None
Founded 1973 (formation),
June 14, 1984 (recognition by the State of Alaska)[1]
Headquarters 2521 Old Steese Highway North,
Fairbanks, Alaska
99712
Ideology Libertarianism,
Alaskan Nationalism,
Alaskan Sovereignty,
Paleoconservatism,
Conservatism
Political position Right-wing
International affiliation None
Colors Blue and Gold
Seats in the Senate 0
Seats in the House 0
Website
www.akip.org
Politics of the United States
Political parties
Elections

The Alaskan Independence Party (AIP) is a political party in the U.S. state of Alaska that advocates an in-state referendum which includes the option of Alaska becoming an independent country. The party also advocates positions similar to those of the Constitution Party and Libertarian Party, supporting gun rights, privatization, home schooling, and limited government.

The national Constitution Party has listed the AIP as an Alaska affiliate in the past, but no longer does so.[2]

History[edit]

The Alaskan Independence Party was originally founded with the goal of obtaining for Alaskans the right to vote on statehood. Referring to Alaska's 1959 admission to the union, the AIP charter states: "The Alaskan Independence Party's goal is the vote we were entitled to in 1958, one choice from among the following four choices:

  1. Remain a territory.
  2. Become a separate and independent country.
  3. Accept commonwealth status.
  4. Become a state.

The call for this vote is in furtherance of the dream of the Alaskan Independence Party's founding father, Joe Vogler, which was for Alaskans to achieve independence under a minimal government, fully responsive to the people, promoting a peaceful and lawful means of resolving differences."[3]

Since its founding, the AIP has radically changed with respect to the issue of secession. At present, it does not support secession though, at its founding, it did. In 1973 Joe Vogler began arguing about the validity of the Alaskan statehood vote. Early in that year, he began circulating a petition seeking support for secession of Alaska from the United States. Alaska magazine published a piece at that time in which Vogler claimed to have gathered 15,000 signatures in three weeks.

Vogler has been quoted as stating "I'm an Alaskan, not an American. I've got no use for America or her damned institutions."[4][5]

In early 1973, Vogler founded Alaskans For Independence, originally to label the petition drive. The organization took on a life of its own in the following years, and actively pursued secession for Alaska from the United States. Vogler also founded the Alaskan Independence Party at around the same time. During its first decade of existence, the Party was used exclusively by Vogler for his first two campaigns for governor and campaign for lieutenant governor (with Don Wright as his running mate). Largely in response to the lawsuit Vogler v. Miller, the State of Alaska enacted emergency regulations, effective June 14, 1984, which gave official recognition to the party in Alaska. The party has maintained its recognized status since, first by maintaining thresholds in gubernatorial elections, then through same with voter registration.[1] The AIP, while a home to many secession-minded people, has from the start sought to explore whether the 1958 vote by Alaskans authorizing statehood was legal, as outlined in the excerpt from the party's charter found above.

Vogler would serve as the AIP's standard-bearer for most of the party's first two decades. He ran for governor in 1974, with Wayne Peppler as his running mate.[6] Jay Hammond was elected over incumbent governor William Egan, with Vogler trailing far behind. Typical political discussion of the day included the contention that Vogler was a "spoiler," and that the result would have been different had he not been in the race.

Vogler's running mate in 1986 was Al Rowe, a Fairbanks resident and former Alaska State Trooper. Rowe took out a series of newspaper ads, fashioning himself in the image of Sheriff Buford Pusser. These ads were a major attention getter during the race. Between Rowe's ads and the turmoil existing in the Republican Party over the nomination of Arliss Sturgulewski, the AIP gained 5.2 percent of the vote, becoming a recognized party in Alaska for the first time.

Since then, AIP candidates have disapproved of initiating a state-wide vote revisiting the status of Alaskan statehood. In 1990, former Republican governor Walter Joseph Hickel won the election for governor as a member of the Alaskan Independence Party, with Jack Coghill as his running mate. This is the only time since Alaska joined the union that a third-party candidate has been elected governor. Hickel refused a vote on secession called on by a fringe group within the AIP loyal to Vogler's original vision. He rejoined the Republican Party in 1994, with eight months remaining in his term.

Carl E. Moses, a businessman from Unalaska who had served in the Alaska House of Representatives from 1965-1973 as both a Republican and Democrat, was elected again to the House in 1992, running under the AIP banner. He was elected to a district comprising mostly the area between the Aleutian Islands and Bristol Bay. He switched his party affiliation back to Democrat at around the same time that Hickel switched, and continued to serve in the House until 2007.

The party did not get involved in presidential elections until 1992, when it endorsed Howard Phillips, the candidate of the U.S. Taxpayers Party (now the Constitution Party).

Registered members[edit]

As of May 2009 the party had 13,119 registered members, making it the state's third largest; the Republicans had 124,892 members and the Democrats had 75,047.[7]

On September 2, 2008, reports surfaced that according to the Alaska Division of Elections Todd Palin, husband of then-Governor Sarah Palin (a Republican), had registered as a member of the Alaskan Independence Party in 1995. He remained registered with the party until 2002.[8]

2006 ballot initiative[edit]

In 2006, members of the AIP collected the one hundred signatures needed to place on the fall ballot an initiative calling for Alaska to secede from the union or, if that was found not to be legally possible, directing the state to work to make secession legal. However, in the case of Kohlhaas v. State[9] the Alaska State Supreme Court ruled any attempt at secession to be unconstitutional and the initiative was not approved to appear on the fall ballot.[10]

Gubernatorial nominees[edit]

Alaskan Independence Party Gubernatorial Tickets
Year Nominee Running Mate # Votes  % Votes Place Notes
1974 Joe Vogler Wayne Peppler 4,770
4.96 / 100
3rd [11]
1978 Don Wright Joe Vogler 2,463
1.94 / 100
5th [12]
1982 Joe Vogler Roger Dee Roberts 3,235
1.66 / 100
4th [13]
1986 Joe Vogler Al Rowe 10,013
5.58 / 100
3rd [14]
1990 Wally Hickel Jack Coghill 75,721
38.88 / 100
1st [15]
1994 Jack Coghill Margaret Ward 45,838
19.81 / 100
3rd [16]
1998 Sylvia Sullivan None 4,238
1.93 / 100
6th [17]
2002 Don Wright Daniel DeNardo 2,185
0.94 / 100
4th [18]
2006 Don Wright Doug Welton 1,285
0.54 / 100
4th [19]
2010 Don Wright None 4,775
1.86 / 100
3rd [20]

Presidential nominees[edit]

Alaskan Independence Party Gubernatorial Tickets
Year Nominee Running Mate # Votes  % Votes Place Notes
1992 Howard Phillips Albion Knight 377
0.15 / 100
8th [21]
2004 Michael Peroutka Chuck Baldwin 2,092
0.70 / 100
4th
2008 Chuck Baldwin Darrell Castle 1,660
0.51 / 100
4th

Notable party officials[edit]

Dexter Clark, shown in May 2002 demonstrating gold panning to tourists at the El Dorado Gold Mine, is a former chairman of the AIP.

Notable past party officials include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Alaskan Independence Party History". Alaskan Independence Party. Web Alaska. 2006. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  2. ^ Constitution Party Alaska page.
  3. ^ "Goals of the Alaskan Independence Party". Alaskan Independence Party. 
  4. ^ "Curiouser and Curiouser". CBS News. 2008-09-02. Archived from the original on 11 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-12. 
  5. ^ Introduction, Alaskan Independence Party, at archive.org (January 16, 2008).
  6. ^ Election Candidate Pamphlet. Juneau: Alaska Division of Elections. 1974. "(This is the first official reference to the party. The pamphlet contained, amongst other information on Alaska elections in 1974, a party platform and biographical profiles of candidates for governor and lieutenant governor Joe Vogler and Wayne Peppler.)" 
  7. ^ http://www.elections.alaska.gov/statistics/regbyprty5-3-09.html
  8. ^ Zernike, Kate (2008-09-03). "A Palin Joined Alaskan Third Party, Just Not Sarah Palin". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-09-09. 
  9. ^ Kohlhaas v. State (11/17/2006) sp-6072, 147 P3d 714
  10. ^ Kohlhaas v. State (11/17/2006), touchngo.com, retrieved October 11, 2008
  11. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=108447
  12. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=36905
  13. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=36904
  14. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=36903
  15. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=24135
  16. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=24134
  17. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=204
  18. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=28
  19. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=7041
  20. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=370483
  21. ^ http://www.elections.alaska.gov/results/92GENR/92genr.pdf
  22. ^ "Contact the Alaskan Independence Party". Alaskan Independence Party. Web Alaska. 2006. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  23. ^ "Alaskan Independence Party - Past Officers". Alaskan Independence Party. Web Alaska. 2006. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 

External links[edit]