Alba gu bràth
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Alba gu bràth ([ˈal̪ˠapə kə ˈpɾaːx] listen (help·info)) is a Scottish Gaelic phrase used to express allegiance to Scotland. Translated into English it means "Scotland forever", literally "Scotland until judgment". The phrase was used as a rallying call to battle by Jacobite warriors as they ran into battle against the Red Coat Army during the Jacobite Risings between 1688 and 1746. A leader would stand at the front of the lines of soldiers and cry, "Alba gu brath!" and the soldiers would reply "Gu brath, gu brath!" This was repeated and then a unified shout of "Claymore!" came from the Jacobites as they charged towards the enemy. The phrase is often used as a political slogan in the campaign for Scottish independence but is not favoured by any mainstream political party in Scotland that supports Scottish independence.
In the 1995 film Braveheart, Scottish patriot and national hero William Wallace (portrayed by Mel Gibson) shouts "Alba gu bràth" as he gallops across the front of his assembled Scottish troops just prior to the Battle of Stirling Bridge.
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