|Founded||6 June 1930|
|Number of teams||12|
|Levels on pyramid||1|
|Relegation to||First Division|
|Domestic cup(s)||Albanian Cup|
|International cup(s)||Champions League
|Most championships||KF Tirana (24 titles)|
|2013–14 Albanian Superliga|
The Albanian Superliga (Albanian: Kategoria Superiore), the highest level of association football in Albania, was founded in 1930 under the name Kategoria e Parë (First Division). KF Tirana are the most successful team with 24 titles won.
At its inception, six teams competed for the league title. In the 1998–1999 season it became the 'Kategoria superiore' with sixteen teams participating; in 1999–2000 that number was reduced to 14. Since the 2006–2007 season, 12 teams played in the Superliga, then it converted back to 14 teams last season and the recent 2012-13 season.
- 1 Current competition format
- 2 History
- 3 All-time champions, second placed and leading goalscorers
- 4 All time clubs ranking
- 5 All-time top scorers
- 6 Seasons top scorers
- 7 Teams for the 2013–14 season
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Current competition format
There are 12 clubs in the Superior League. During the course of the season (from August to May) each club plays the others thrice (a double round robin system plus a single match), once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents (third match venue varies), for a total of 33 games. Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. No points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, then head-to-head record, then goal difference, and then goals scored. At the end of each season, the club with the most points are crowned champions. If points are equal, the head-to head record and then goal difference determine the winner. The four lowest placed teams are relegated to the Albanian First Division and the top two teams from the Albanian First Division are promoted in their place.
The First Division in Albanian football was founded in 1930. Like many countries though, a Premier Division (Superliga) has been founded since then and First Division is now the second level in Albanian football. This became the case in 1998. The league has been dominated by clubs from Albania's capital city, Tirana, with only sixteen titles going elsewhere in the country. Nine of those sixteen titles have gone to Vllaznia Shkodër.
Albania 1st Football Tournament of 1911
This football event was only revealed by historians in 2012 and is supposed to be the very first championship ever played in Albania, but is still not recognized by AFA, founded 19 years later. All matches, including the final, were played in Fier. It was contested by 8 teams and KF Tirana won the championship.
Championships of World War II
During period 1939-1945, even though World War II caused significant disruptions of played football, in many countries such as France, Germany, Belgium, Denmark, Croatia, Austria, Finland, etc. football was played and championships and trophies have been historically recognized. There are many example clubs, such as Girondins Bordeaux, Olympique Marseille, KR Reykjavik, Antwerp FC, Rapid Wien, TPS Turku, etc.
According to all information gathered in years from Albanian and foreign historians, players and veterans who lived these events, clear evidence proves the existence of these championships at that time, as well as the existence of three trophies given from AFA officials themselves. Particularly the 1942 Albanian Superliga had a nationwide participation - the first and the only one so far involving teams from both countries, Albania and Kosovo. KF Tirana have won two of these championships, 1939 Albanian Superliga & 1942 Albanian Superliga and KS Vllaznia have won 1940 Albanian Superliga. This would update the championship trophies won by these clubs to respectively 26 and 10 to present time.
After years of silence, AFA appointed a dedicated commission with 5 members, which has been involved in gathering enough evidence in this regard. However, AFA finally made a decision in February 2013 that, according to them, although AFA admits the WWII Championships have indeed been played correctly and rightfully, are not legitimate and won't be recognized since they weren't organized by the AFA, but by the Fascist regime.
The Golden Star
In 1958, based on an idea of Umberto Agnelli, the honor of Golden Star for Sports Excellence ("Stella d’Oro al Merito Sportivo" in Italian) was introduced to recognize sides that have won multiple championships or other honours by the display of gold stars on their team badges and jerseys. However, the Golden Star is not officially awarded by the FSHF and is voluntarily added to team jerseys by the respective team. In Albania, the practice is to award one star for ten titles. The first team to adopt a star was Partizani Tirana in Albania, who added a star above their badge in 1958 to represent their tenth Kategoria Superiore title. In 2000, KF Tirana received their second golden star for having won their 20th league title.
The current officially-sanctioned Serie A stars are:
- KF Tirana, received in 1968 and 2000.
- Partizani Tirana, received in 1963.
- Dinamo Tirana, received in 1973.
Creation of the Pan-Albanian league
On 4 January 2013 the Albanian Prime Minister Sali Berisha has called on the creation of a study group to create a Pan-Albanian football league, as well as pan-Albanian leagues in all sports, where teams from both Albania and Kosovo would participate. However Armand Duka, president of the FSHF, thinks that the idea cannot be realized given that the statutes of UEFA and FIFA would not allow such league.
Qualification for European competitions
As of the start of the 2013–14 Albanian Superliga season, qualification for European competitions is as follows: champions qualify for the 2nd qualifying round of the Champions League, second and third place qualifies for the 1st qualifying round of the Europa League. The Albanian Cup winners qualify for the 1st qualifying round of the Europa League.
- 41 (42) Montenegrin First League (5.250)
- 42 (39) First Macedonian Football League (5.250)
- 43 (44) Albanian Superliga (4.166)
- 44 (45) Maltese Premier League (3.958)
- 45 (43) Liechtenstein Football Cup (3.500)
All-time champions, second placed and leading goalscorers
Note: from 1958 to 1991, KF Tirana and KS Elbasani were named respectively 17 Nëntori and Labinoti
Performance by club
||1930, 1931, 1932, 1934, 1936, 1937, 1939 (not yet recognized by AFA), 1942 (not yet recognized by AFA), 1964-1965, 1966-67, 1968, 1969-1970, 1981-1982, 1984-1985, 1987-1988, 1988-1989, 1994-1995, 1995-1996, 1996-1997, 1998-1999, 1999-2000, 2002-2003, 2003-2004, 2004-2005, 2006-2007, 2008-2009|
||1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1960, 1966-67, 1972–1973, 1974–1975, 1975–1976, 1976–1977, 1979–1980, 1985–1986, 1989–1990, 2001–2002, 2007–2008, 2009–2010|
||1947, 1948, 1949, 1954, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1961, 1962–1963, 1963–1964, 1970–1971, 1978–1979, 1980–1981, 1986–1987, 1992-1993|
||1940 (not yet recognized by AFA), 1945, 1946, 1971-1972, 1973-1974, 1977-1978, 1982-1983, 1991-1992, 1997-1998, 2000-2001|
||1933, 2010–2011, 2011–2012, 2012–2013|
- KF Tirana and KS Vllaznia would have respectively won 27 and 10 titles, should the 1911 Albanian Superliga and World War 2 championships played during years 1939-1942 be officially recognized from AFA. Read above for further information, details or references.
All time clubs ranking
|5||KS Teuta||72||1745||621||491||633||1862||1952||- 90||1972|
|6||KS Flamurtari||69||1675||601||452||622||1954||2038||- 90||1817|
|7||KS Besa||63||1529||529||429||571||1754||1862||- 108||1623|
|8||KS Elbasani||64||1544||519||418||607||1646||1925||- 279||1594|
|9||KS Skenderbeu Korce||60||1373||454||369||550||1489||1712||- 223||1419|
|10||KS Lushnja||41||1082||292||317||473||1016||1450||- 434||1011|
|11||KS Tomori||45||1102||310||290||502||1115||1635||- 520||992|
|12||KS Apolonia||35||943||270||225||448||984||1470||- 486||867|
|13||KS Luftëtari Gjirokastër||39||988||279||232||477||907||1423||- 516||848|
|14||KS Shkumbini||21||592||221||117||254||697||766||- 69||757|
|15||Besëlidhja Lezhë||23||608||154||169||285||500||802||- 302||502|
|16||KF Laçi||15||403||140||80||183||426||594||- 168||436|
|17||KS Bylis||13||320||114||77||126||390||407||- 17||421|
|18||KS Kastrioti||12||330||114||71||146||352||440||- 88||370|
|20||KS Shkëndija||10||258||67||88||103||215||284||- 69||222|
|21||KS Albpetrol||7||201||54||37||110||182||362||- 180||155|
|23||KS Pogradeci||11||236||44||95||149||186||512||- 326||137|
|24||KF Erzeni Shijak||7||124||28||27||69||120||245||- 125||98|
|25||Luftetari Shk.Bashkuar||4||80||30||16||34||99||110||- 11||76|
|26||KS Burreli||4||108||23||23||62||96||186||- 90||77|
|27||Spartaku Shkodër||3||68||25||17||26||91||123||- 32||67|
|28||Dinamo Durrës||3||70||18||24||28||63||98||- 35||60|
|30||Dinamo Shkodër||2||56||10||19||27||52||83||- 31||39|
|31||Spartak Tiranë||3||66||10||17||39||68||132||- 64||37|
|32||KS Egnatia||1||36||7||7||22||26||48||- 22||28|
|33||KS Kamza||1||26||7||6||13||22||32||- 10||27|
|35||KS Gramozi Ersekë||1||33||6||8||19||25||43||- 18||26|
|36||Dinamo Vlorë||1||20||6||4||10||19||48||- 29||16|
|37||KS Iliria||1||30||7||2||21||22||64||- 42||16|
|38||SK Përmeti||1||26||4||5||17||9||44||- 35||13|
|43||Spartaku Korçë||1||12||2||1||9||10||45||- 35||5|
- Points for each club are totalled up from previously 2 points valued per win, bonus points for away wins, bonus points for 3 goals and over wins, deducted points for 3 goals or over defeats, current 3 points per win rule and other points deducted as result of various punishments.
Last updated: End of 2012-13 season
All-time top scorers
All-time top-scorers of the Albanian Superliga.
|1||Vioresin Sinani||209||Vllaznia (176), KF Tirana (23), Besa (5)||1997–2012|
|2||Daniel Xhafa||207||Bylis (12), Flamurtari (32), Dinamo (23), Teuta (82), KF Tirana (18), Besa (18)||1997–Present|
|3||Refik Resmja||184||KF Tirana (4), Partizani (180)||1948–1964|
|4||Indrit Fortuzi||167||Dinamo (15), KF Tirana (152)||1992–2008|
|5||Panajot Pano||144||KF Tirana (8), Partizani (136)||1958–1974|
|6||Agustin Kola||140||Shkëndija (7), KF Tirana (133)||1978–1997|
|7||Ilir Përnaska||136||Dinamo (136)||1968–1981|
|8||Skënder Jareci||122||Teuta (3), Dinamo (119)||1949–1965|
|9||Arben Minga||105||KF Tirana (105)||1977–1996|
|10||Migen Memelli||103||Skënderbeu (17), Teuta (13), KS Elbasani (16), Laçi (1), KF Tirana (23), Flamurtari (33)||2000–Present|
|11||Loro Boriçi||101||Vllaznia (23), Partizani (77), Spartak Tirana (1)||1937–1957|
|12||Medin Zhega||101||Vllaznia (66), Dinamo (35)||1964–1978|
|13||Dorian Bubeqi||95||Albpetrol (4), Shkumbini (48), Besa (19), Luftëtari (3), Apolonia (6) Bylis (9) Lushnja (6)||1997–2009|
|14||Vasil Ruci||94||Flamurtari (94)||1977–1993|
|15||Gjergji Muzaka||92||Partizani Tirana (44), KF Tirana (17), Dinamo Tirana (4), Skenderbeu Korce (16), Flamurtari Vlore (11)||2001–Present|
|16||Enver Ibërshimi||92||Elbasani (92)||1960–1973|
|17||Fjodor Xhafa||90||Flamurtari (22), Dinamo (20), Bylis (7), KF Tirana (30), Elbasani (8)||1994–Present|
|18||Mexhit Haxhiu||87||Flamurtari (77), Partizani (10)||1963–1976|
|20||Sokol Kushta||86||Flamurtari (55), Partizani (31)||1980-1991|
Seasons top scorers
The following is the list of the Albanian Superliga top scorers by season.
Teams for the 2013–14 season
- Albanian Superliga
|Bylis||Ballsh||Stadiumi Adush Muça||7,500|
|FK Kukesi||Kukës||Zeqir Ymeri Stadium||6,500|
|KF Laçi||Laç||Stadiumi Laçi||5,500|
|Lushnja||Lushnje||Stadiumi Roza Haxhiu||10,000|
|FK Partizani||Tirane||Stadiumi Qemal Stafa||19,600|
|KF Tirana||Tirana||Stadiumi Qemal Stafa||19,600|
|Teuta||Durrës||Stadiumi Niko Dovana||13,000|
- Sport Ekspres, 14 February 2012, page 7
- Letër drejtuar Z.Mero Baze
- AFA's General Assembly: War championships are not legitimate
- "FIFA.com article". FIFA.com article. 7 February 2008. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- Asport (4 January 2013). "Berisha: Të krijohen Liga mbarëkombëtare në të gjitha sportet". Asport.
- Ora Info (6 January 2013). "BerishaDuka: Liga Mbarëkombëtare, ide e parealizueshme". Ora Info.
- UEFA Country Ranking 2013 kassiesa.com, accessed 13 July 2013
- WW2 championships awaiting AFA confirmation 26 if 2 WW2 championships added
- War championships still unrecognized from AFA 10 if 1 WW2 championships added
- (Italian) Albania - I capocannonieri del campionato, Calcio Mondiale Web
- FSHF website
- League at FIFA
- League at soccerway.com
- League321.com - Albanian football league tables, records & statistics database.
- League Contact at Sportlistings.com.
- Albania - List of Champions at RSSSF.com