Albanian parliamentary election, 2005

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Albanian parliamentary election, 2005
Albania
2001 ←
3 July 2005 → 2009

100 Constituencies and 40 Compensatory seats with National Proportional Representation
71 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Msc 2006-Saturday, 16.00 - 18.00-Berisha.jpg Fatos Nano 2003.jpg Mediu - Rumsfeld 060926-F-5586B-311.jpg
Leader Sali Berisha Fatos Nano Fatmir Mediu
Party PD PS PR
Last election 46 seats 73 seats 0 seats
Seats won 56 42 11
Seat change Increase10 Decrease31 Increase11
Popular vote 602,066 538,906 272,746
Percentage 44,1% 39,4% 20,0%

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Social Democratic Party of Albania (Partia Socialdemokrate e Shqipërisë).jpg Ilir Meta Press Conf.jpg
Leader Skënder Gjinushi Ilir Meta Genc Pollo
Party PSD LSI
Last election 4 seats New 3 seats
Seats won 7 5 4
Seat change Increase3 Increase5 Increase1
Popular vote 174,103 114,798 101,373
Percentage 12,7% 8,4% 7,4%

Prime Minister before election

Fatos Nano
PS

Elected Prime Minister

Sali Berisha
PD

Parliamentary elections were held in Albania on 3 July 2005.[1] The result was a victory for the opposition Democratic Party (PD) and its allies, prominently the Republican Party (PR). Former president Sali Berisha became prime minister as a result of the election.[2] Voter turnout was only 48.0%.[3]

Background[edit]

The proper conduct of the election was seen as crucial in maintaining Albania's eventual EU hopes.[4] For the most part, election day was peaceful, but OSCE monitors said that the poll only partially complied with international standards,[5] citing disorganization, improper procedures and "a few violent incidents." The Central Election Commission (CEC) received over 300 complaints.[6]

Electoral system[edit]

The 140 members of parliament were elected using the Mixed-member proportional representation. Voters elected 100 deputies directly from electorates (constituencies) and 40 from party lists or proportional representation.[7]

Results[edit]

On July 14 the CEC released final results for 97 constituencies as well as the tentative national proportional results. The clear winners were the Democratic Party and its allies, though with many close constituency races between the PD and the governing Socialist Party of Albania (PSSh). In the proportional ballot, most voters chose minor parties rather than the two major parties. The only party to win both proportional and constituency-level seats was the Socialist Movement for Integration (LSI) of former prime minister Ilir Meta, as Meta himself won the party's lone constituency mandate. Despite this, the LSI did not fulfill pre-election expectations that it might emerge as a dealmaker in the next parliament.

Party Constituency Compensatory Total
seats
+/-
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Democratic Party of Albania 602,066 44.1 56 104,796 7.7 0 56 +10
Socialist Party of Albania 538,906 39.4 42 121,412 8.9 0 42 -31
Socialist Movement for Integration 112,449 8.2 1 114,798 8.4 4 5 New
Republican Party of Albania 113,356 8.3 0 272,746 20.0 11 11 New
Social Democratic Party of Albania 0 174,103 12.7 7 7 +3
New Democratic Party 0 101,373 7.4 4 4 +1
Environmentalist Agrarian Party 0 89,635 6.6 4 4 +1
Democratic Alliance Party 0 65,093 4.8 3 3 0
Social Democracy Party of Albania 0 57,998 4.2 2 2 New
Unity for Human Rights Party 0 56,403 4.1 2 2 -1
National Movement - King Zogu I 0 47,967 3.5 0 0 New
Christian Democratic Party 0 44,576 3.3 2 2 +2
National Front 0 22,896 1.7 0 0 New
Party for Justice and Integration 0 16,012 1.2 0 0 New
Liberal Democratic Union 0 14,418 1.1 1 1 New
Party of Labour of Albania 0 9,292 0.7 0 0 New
Freedom and Human Rights Movements 0 9,027 0.7 0 0 New
Communist Party of Albania 0 8,937 0.7 0 0 New
Democratic National Front Party 0 7,632 0.6 0 0 New
Albanian Democratic Union Party 0 7,371 0.5 0 0 0
Albanian Socialist Alliance Party 0 6,604 0.5 0 0 New
Alliance for Welfare and Solidarity 0 5,059 0.4 0 0 New
Social Albanian Parties – National Unity Party 0 3,260 0.2 0 0 New
Albanian Democratic Party for a New Right Democracy 0 1,794 0.1 0 0 New
Albanian Green League 0 1,710 0.1 0 0 New
Albanian Democratic Monarchist Movement Party 0 774 0.1 0 0 New
Albanian National Security Party 0 570 0.1 0 0 New
Independents 1 1 -1
Invalid/blank votes 21,973
Total 1,366,777 100 100 1,367,347 100 40 140 0
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, Adam Carr

Aftermath[edit]

Monitors from the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe called the election a “disappointment,” saying it failed to comply with international standards because of “serious irregularities,” intimidation, vote-buying and “violence committed by extremists on both sides.”[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p133 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ "Albania's new PM takes charge". The Independent. 2005-09-02. p. 22. 
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p141
  4. ^ Hope, Kerin (2005-07-01). "Election puts Albania at crossroads on Sunday's vote will decide whether the Balkan nation resumes talks linked to closer integration with the Union.". Financial Times. p. 2. 
  5. ^ Hope, Kerin (2005-07-11). "Former Albanian president tainted by savings scheme scandal poised for Balkan comeback". Financial Times. p. 8. 
  6. ^ "Berisha officially declared election winner". Ireland On-Line. 2005-09-01. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  7. ^ "Election Guide". IEFS. 
  8. ^ Stuart Stevens' ... Past Clients| Penn Bullock| 29 October 2012| tnr.com| accessed 29.10.2012

External links[edit]